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US History. Students will be able to (SWBAT) understand the importance of the Election of 1824 and the Corrupt Bargain in American history. “……….” create.

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Presentation on theme: "US History. Students will be able to (SWBAT) understand the importance of the Election of 1824 and the Corrupt Bargain in American history. “……….” create."— Presentation transcript:

1 US History

2 Students will be able to (SWBAT) understand the importance of the Election of 1824 and the Corrupt Bargain in American history. “……….” create a thesis statement and provide two statements that support the created thesis. “…………….” justify their position on whether or not the United States Constitution does prevent tyranny.

3 PresidentYear Elected as President Federal office Held before elected George Washington1788 John Adams1796Washington’s Vice- President Thomas Jefferson1800Washington’s Secretary of State / John Adam’s Vice- President James Madison1808Author of US Constitution & Thomas Jefferson’s Secretary of State James Monroe1816James Madison’s Secretary of State What trends do you see?By 1824, which federal office seemed to be the stepping stone to the presidency?

4 CandidateGeographic ConnectionPrior Federal Office Held John Q. AdamsNew EnglandSecretary of State for James Monroe Henry ClayWestSpeaker of the House of Representatives William CrawfordSoutheastSecretary of Treasury for President Monroe Andrew JacksonSouthwestWar Hero of Battle of New Orleans Of the four candidates, who seems to be the least qualified? Explain What qualifications will you want in a president? Of the four candidates, who seems to be qualified? Explain.

5 Election of 1824 J.Q. AdamsH. ClayW. CrawfordA. Jackson How many total popular votes did each candidate receive? How many electoral college votes did each get? Name the states that cast their electoral votes for each candidate According to the popular vote, who should have become president? According to the electoral college, who should have become president?

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7 Underline or highlight two key points of this passage. According to this amendment, who is given the authority to choose the President? Is this fair? Why or why not? “If no person have such a majority (of electoral votes), then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three (candidates) on the list of those voted for president, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President…”

8 Why was this section of the 12 th Amendment relevant in the election of 1824? How many electoral votes were needed to win the election of 1824? “If no person have such a majority (of electoral votes), then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three (candidates) on the list of those voted for president, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President…”

9 Which candidate received a majority of electoral votes? Did any of the candidates receive enough electoral votes to win? “If no person have such a majority (of electoral votes), then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three (candidates) on the list of those voted for president, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President…”

10 Because there was no clear electoral vote winner – the 12 th Amendment was invoked (used), which put the decision of who would become president in the hands of Congress (law- making branch).

11 Introduced the system of presidential elections, the Electoral College, which is still used today. The 12 th Amendment also specifies how the president & vice president are to be selected should neither obtain the votes of a majority of the electors: the House of Representatives selects the new president from the top three candidates.

12 Election of 1824 J.Q. AdamsH. ClayW. CrawfordA. Jackson How many votes did each candidate receive from the H.O.R? Name each state that cast their electoral vote for each candidate. How many states did not vote as their state did in the election.

13 According to the House of Representatives vote, who became the president? If you were a member of the House of Representatives, why might you change your state’s vote for a presidential candidate?

14 Strategies help you to better understand the material you are reading. Read about the corrupt bargain and complete the Summary Questions in the right-hand margin. Identify 3 important facts about the election. Identify two reasons presidential candidates were eliminated from the contest. Provide one good reason the election earned the name “corrupt bargain.”

15 Was there any way in which Henry Clay, as Speaker of the House, could benefit politically from the situation he found himself? Is it fair to say that Andrew Jackson was cheated out of the Presidency in 1824?

16 Formulate a thesis, which argues that either the Constitution did or did not guard against tyranny in this case. You must be able to support your thesis statement with 2 factual pieces of evidence.

17 John Quincy Adams Had fewer popular votes Had fewer electoral votes Gains the support of Henry Clay So what is the real story? Had more popular votes Had more electoral votes Accuses Adams, Clay & Congress of a “Corrupt Bargain” Andrew Jackson


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