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MUCKRAKERS & Reformers Take out a piece of lined paper, put the heading on it, enter it in your TOC as page 12. IF YOU MISSED THE JOB FAIR WE DID IN CLASS.

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Presentation on theme: "MUCKRAKERS & Reformers Take out a piece of lined paper, put the heading on it, enter it in your TOC as page 12. IF YOU MISSED THE JOB FAIR WE DID IN CLASS."— Presentation transcript:

1 MUCKRAKERS & Reformers Take out a piece of lined paper, put the heading on it, enter it in your TOC as page 12. IF YOU MISSED THE JOB FAIR WE DID IN CLASS YOU NEED ALL OF THESE NOTES. Otherwise you just need the last two slides.

2 Muckrakers- Journalist and Artist that EXPOSED Corruption and Injustice IDA TARBELL- History of Standard Oil JACOB RIIS- How the Other Half Lives UPTON SINCLAIR-The Jungle LINCOLN STEFFENS-Shame of the Cities JOHN SPARGO-Bitter Cry of the Children The abuses and hardship of children in the coal mines. Ruthless practice of Standard Oil and Monopolies Condition of the poor in New York City tenements (living conditions). Dangerous and unsafe conditions in meat packing industry. Political corruption in city government, Boss Tweed

3 REGENTS QUESTIONS How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis (1890) The Jungle, Upton Sinclair (1906) The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck (1939) Unsafe at Any Speed, Ralph Nader (1965) 1. What has been the impact of these authors and their books on American society 2. The purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) was to 3. Jacob Riis, in How the Other Half Lives, and Lincoln Steffens, in The Shame of the Cities, contributed to reform movements in the United States by 4. Lincoln Steffens and Jane Addams are best known for “Jane Addams Opens Hull House” “Jacob Riis Photographs Tenement Residents” “Ida Tarbell Exposes Standard Oil Company” 5. These headlines represent efforts by These works have had significant influence on social, political, and economic reforms. eliminate unfair business practices exposing poverty and corruption attempting to ease the problems of the urban poor correct abuses of the Industrial Revolution

4 REFORMERS Goals were to bring Change Problems of Poverty-Created building codes for safer living conditions Social Settlement movement- provided education, child care, finding jobs for workers and immigrants- JANE ADDAMS- Hull house Child Labor- National Child Labor Committee- forced state laws to end child labor. Women’s Suffrage Movement- Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony fought to get women the right to Vote. Alice Paul- 19 th Amendment

5 REFORMERS Goals were to bring CHANGE Booker T Washington - Urged Vocational training for African Americans Samual Gomper- Created American Federation of Labor protested for better wages and working conditions W.E.B. DuBois- Created NAACP protested unfair treatment and supported education Ida B. Wells - Fought to end lynching, demanded women the right to Vote and founding member of NAACP.

6 3/23 MUCKRAKERS & Reformers Based on my research, I can determine which Muckrakers, Reformers, and Politician would have helped to create the Progressive Era Legislation. Pre-test #4 Take out a piece of lined paper, put the heading on it, enter it in your TOC as page 11. (Some of you already did this last week) Take out your Progressive Chart #12, Pre-Test #4, Take out your Immigration Notes we need to check them. IF YOU MISSED THE JOB FAIR WE DID IN CLASS YOU NEED ALL OF THESE NOTES. Otherwise you just need the next two slides. Pre-test # `````

7 REFORMS Goals were to bring CHANGE and they did! CITY GOVERNMENT- Demanded and end to political Machines, bribes in return for favors. Set up City Commissioner, or City Manager STATE GOVERNMENTS- Secret ballot- bosses could no longer intimidate worker to vote a certain way. Initiatives- ex: Prop 8 or legalization of marijuana in Colorado Referendums- voter decide on amendments to state constitutions Recall- forces elected official out of office between elections Direct primary- allows voters to elect candidates to represent each party.

8 Important Legislation due to Progressive Movement Sherman & Clayton Anti Trust Acts-outlawed monopolies and price fixing Pure Drug and food Act- outlawed mislabeling or diluting foods Meat Inspection Act-federal inspection of meat processing Federal Reserve Act- created a federal bank to ensure 16 th Amendment – Established an Income Tax pay for increased regulation 17 th Amendments- Direct election of senators Department of Labor & Dept. of Commerce- Worker & Consumer Protections 18 th Amendment- Illegal to sale, manufacturing and distribution of alcohol 19 th Amendment- Right to Vote for Woman

9 Which heading best completes the partial outline below? I. ___________________________ A. Secret ballot B. Direct election of senators C. Recall D. Referendum Which law was passed as a result of muckraking literature? Muckrakers contributed to the rise of Progressivism in the early years of the 20th century by During the Progressive Era, Jane Addams responded to urban conditions by working to establish A goal of the Progressive movement was to Progressive Era reforms such as the initiative, referendum, and recall attempted to Progressive Era authors such as Jacob Riis and Upton Sinclair are best known for Progressive Reforms Meat Inspection Act exposing widespread corruption in business and government settlement houses that provided assistance to the poor correct the problems caused by industrialization increase the power of citizens in state and local government focusing attention on social conditions

10 3/24 Learning Target: Based on my research, I can determine which Muckrakers, Reformers, and Politicians would have helped to create the Progressive Era Legislation. Get your index card and write out the answer to the above learning target. DETAIL. Cite Evidence! Grab a vocab slip and write on back of card stock. Enter Index card as #13, timeline as #14, Poster #15 and put in TOC. Timeline pieces will be presented or passed around on Thursday and Friday.

11 3/25 Using a variety of secondary sources, I can locate detail about a vocabulary term and create a visual timeline poster to share. FINISH YOUR POSTER, make sure it can be read from the back of the room. PAIR AND SHARE- Swap posters and provide feedback to your partner about content and criteria. SELF GRADE- Put on the back of the poster and on the directions sheet. PRESENT or PROXY- RECORD - Date, Event and brief description on the TIMELINE RESEARCH PAPERS DUE FRIDAY- or let us know to print Post test #4 postponed until Monday.


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