5Basic Ingredients Some common herbs and spices include: basil. parsley.chives.cilantro.dill.cinnamon.cumin.garlic.
6Basic IngredientsMeasure accurately so recipes turn out the same every time.Some recipes use metric measurements; you can use a chart to learn the equivalent customary measurements.Recipes may have cooking temperatures in Fahrenheit or Celsius.6
7Fruits and Vegetables Produce is full of nutrients. Buying seasonal produce gives you the best possible quality.produceFruits and vegetables.seasonalFoods more readily available and less expensive at certain times of the year.
8Fruits and VegetablesProcessed food includes fruits that are frozen, canned, or dried.Vegetables are a source of carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.Many vegetables contain antioxidants which may help prevent disease and illness.processedChanged from raw form before being sold; subjected to a special treatment.antioxidantA substance that protect cells and the immune system from damage by harmful chemicals.8
9Convenience FoodPre-prepared foods can save time, but they can be expensive.Preservatives are chemicals added to make food last longer.Always follow the directions on packages.What are some pre-prepared foods that your family buys?9
10Section 23.2 Cooking Techniques Grains, fruits, vegetables, and meats come in endless varieties.All of these foods can be cooked to serve as main dishes, side dishes, or snacks.
12Cooking Grains Grains include cereal, rice, pasta, and bread. Breads are made from whole wheat, rye, white, or corn flour.Quick breads rise quickly and form bubbles.quick breadBread in which the leavening agent is baking powder or baking soda.What types of bread do you like to eat?12
13Cooking Grains Yeast breads include sandwich bread and buns. A sandwich can be on bread or another edible wrapper.Rice, pasta, and some cereals must be cooked.yeast breadBread in which the leavening agent is yeast.
14Cooking Fruits and Vegetables Fruits can be baked in an oven or a microwave oven.Cook fruits and vegetables properly to retain nutrients.A casserole is a one-dish meal that can include meat and/or vegetables.retainTo hold secure or intact; to keep.casseroleA mix of food cooked and served in a covered pot or dish.
15Cooking with Milk Products Use milk in cream sauces, pudding, and custard.To cook milk, you should scald it.If milk gets too hot, it will curdle.Cheese should be melted, not cooked.scaldTo bring slowly to a temperature just below boiling point.curdleTo separate into little particles or curds.15
16Cooking Meat, Poultry, and Fish Moist heat cooks tougher cuts, such as pot roast and stew meats.Dry heat cooks tender cuts, such as rib roast, fish, and turkey.Other high-protein foods, such as legumes and eggs, can be used as main dishes.tenderEasily crushed, chewed, or cut; fragile.legumeThe fruit or seed of plants, such as peas or beans, used for food.16
17Choose Your Ingredients Chapter SummarySection 23.1Choose Your IngredientsBy measuring accurately, using the proper measuring tools, and following directions, you ensure that your recipes turn out the same every time.Herbs and spices add taste, color, and aroma to foods.Fruits and vegetables are a delicious part of a well-balanced meal plan.Convenience foods can save you time.17
18Chapter Summary Section 23.2 Cooking Techniques There are many techniques for cooking food.Grain products like rice, pasta, and oatmeal are cooked in water.Fruit and vegetables can be enjoyed raw or cooked.Vegetables retain their nutrients and keep their texture and flavor when cooked properly.When cooking meat, poultry, or fish, you can use moist heat or dry heat.18
19ReviewDo you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions.The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions.Start
20produce productos agrícolas Fruits and vegetables. Frutas y vegetales. Show Definition
21processedprocesadoChanged from raw form before being sold; subjected to a special treatment.Algo para la venta que no está crudo; sometido a un tratamiento especial.Show Definition
22antioxidant antioxidante A substance that protect cells and the immune system from damage by harmful chemicals.Una sustancia que protege las células y el sistema inmunológico del daño que causan las sustancias químicas nocivas.Show Definition
23alimentos precocinados convenience foodalimentos precocinadosFood already prepared or partially prepared to save time.Alimentos preparados o parcialmente preparados para ahorrar tiempo.Show Definition
24Bread in which the leavening agent is baking powder or baking soda. quick breadpan rápidoBread in which the leavening agent is baking powder or baking soda.Pan en el que la levadura es el polvo de hornear o el bicarbonato de soda.Show Definition
25battermasaA liquid or semi-liquid mixture, usually containing flour, milk, and eggs.Mezcla líquida o semilíquida que normalmente contiene harina, leche y huevos.Show Definition
26Bread in which the leavening agent is yeast. yeast breadpan de levaduraBread in which the leavening agent is yeast.Pan que se hace con levadura.Show Definition
27A mix of food cooked and served in a covered pot or dish. casserolecazuelaA mix of food cooked and served in a covered pot or dish.Una mezcla de alimentos cocinados y servidos en una olla o vasija cubierta.Show Definition
28To bring slowly to a temperature just below boiling point. scaldescaldarTo bring slowly to a temperature just below boiling point.Llevar poco a poco a una temperatura justo por debajo del punto de ebullición.Show Definition
29To separate into little particles or curds. curdlecuajarTo separate into little particles or curds.Separar en pequeñas partículas o cuajadas.Show Definition
30The fruit or seed of plants, such as peas or beans, used for food. legumelegumbreThe fruit or seed of plants, such as peas or beans, used for food.Frutas o semillas de plantas, como frijoles o chícharos, utilizados para la alimentación.Show Definition
31quichequicheA main-dish pie filled with eggs, cheese, and other ingredients such as ham, spinach, and mushrooms.Torta que sirve de plato principal rellena de huevos, queso y otros ingredientes como jamón, espinacas y champiñones.Show Definition
32omeletomeletA well-beaten egg that is first cooked in a frying pan without stirring, then topped with other ingredients, such as mushrooms, peppers, and cheese, and finally folded over.Huevo batido que primero se cocina en una sartén sin revolver, luego se le agregan otros ingredientes, como champiñones, pimientos y queso, y por último se dobla.Show Definition