2Facts 5 major nominating methods are used in American politics: Self-announcement, caucus, convention, direct primary, and petitionThe most widely used method today is the direct primaryThe nominating process is vital to democratic gov’tCorruption spurred changes in the American Political process and led to development of modern nominating procedureNominating process determines which candidates can appear on the ballot in local, State and Nat'l elections
3There are 5 ways to get yourself on a ballot to be nominated Guiding Question: What methods are used to choose candidates for public office?There are 5 ways to get yourself on a ballot to be nominated1. Petition- collect a specified amount of signatures from voters to qualify in a general election2. Self-announcement- candidate announces his/her intent to run for office3. Convention-local districts select delegates to per them at a higher level meeting where a delegate is chosen4. Caucus- Party members/supporters debate the merits of the candidates and vote to select a nominee5. Primary- qualified voters cast ballots, most votes is nominated
43 types of primaries Direct primary : nomination within a party Wisconsin was firstUsed by most states to choose senate nomineesPresidential primary is an off shoot of direct (it’s a part of the process that the candidate is chosen)Open primaryAKA crossover primaryAny qualified voter can cast a ballotCan be a private or public voteClosed primaryOnly declared party members can votePrimary election is closed to all but party membersSub primariesRunoff- no majority winner, another race is held to determine party nomineeNonpartisan- candidates not identified by a party label
6FactsElections are regulated mostly by State law, though federal laws apply to federal electionsMost voting takes place at precincts across the country, though some occurs by mail, by absentee ballot, or by early voting proceduresAll States now use the Australian ballot, usually with the office-group format, though sometimes with a party-column formatElectronic voting and vote counting are common now
7Types of Ballots Office Group Ballot Party-Column Ballot All candidates for an office are grouped togetherParty-Column BallotAka Indiana Ballot, lists candidates under party name
9Facts Money has always played a key role in politics Campaign money comes from public and private sources, including political action committees, the wealthy, candidates themselves, and temp organizationsThe Federal Election Commission administers federal election lawsCandidates and contributors sometimes use loopholes in campaign finance laws to avoid regulation
10Watergate President Nixon used campaign funds to Break into the Democratic National conventionGive funders prominent positions (ambassador)The big picture problem was that he covered it up and liedBoth Nixon and his VP S. Agnew both resigned (1st American Pres. To resign)Watergate Changed the way Americans view the GovernmentThis made changes including all meetings be done in public, that the president must document what he is doing, etc.