2 Why?Parli Pro is used in most business, board meetings, organizations, churches, city councils, county commission, chambers of commerce, state and national legislatures, and much more.Students need to know how to defend themselves.To properly run your chapter, allow students to be active in business matters such as educational trips, program of work, large purchases, fundraising ideas, etc.To learn how to debateNo one else is teaching it!
3 Parliamentary Procedure DefinitionCorrect rules for conducting or running a successful meeting3 goals of Parliamentary ProcedureMake meeting run smoothlyAssure everyone gets to voice their opinionMaintain OrderStarted1562 in EnglandSir Thomas SmythOfficial Rule BookRoberts Rules of Order
4 TermsQuorumMinimum number of members that must be present at a meeting for legal business to be transactedNormally, 1/2 of members in a club plus 1, however, bylaws, charters, constitution may set a different number.Majority1/2 of members present at any meeting plus 1minimum number of members that must vote for a motion for it to passPresiding Officer referred to as:Mr/Madam PresidentMr/Madam ChairEveryone gets the chance to voice their opinionEveryone gets the chance to VoteMust take yes and no votesOnly one topic at a time can be discussedWho ever makes a motion has the right to discuss it first
5 Ways to Vote Voice Vote (most common) Rising Vote Show of Hands Roll CallSecret Ballot
6 Types of Motions IN ORDER OF IMPORTANCE AND RANK Privileged-Special matters of immediate importance not related to pending business.Subsidiary-assists in treating or disposing of a main motionMain Motions-brings business before the assemblyIncidental Motions-related to the parliamentary situation in such a way that it must be decided before business proceeds.Motions that bring a motion before assembly again
7 Privileged Privileged Fix Time which to adjourn Adjourn Recess Question of PrivilegeCall for the orders of the Day
8 Fix time to adjourn/reassemble PurposeTo arrange time for next meetingNeeds a SecondAmendableDebatableMajority VoteCan interrupt a speakerProper exampleMr President, I move that when we adjourn, we reassemble on October 3rd at 3:00 pm in the school cafeteria.
9 Adjourn Immediately end a meeting. Second Required Not Debatable Not AmendableMajority Vote RequiredCan’t be reconsideredProper Example:Mr President, I move to adjourn.
10 Recess Purpose Needs a second Amendable Debatable Majority Vote This allows for a short break in the meeting (normally so a motion can be discussed in private)Needs a secondAmendableDebatableMajority VoteCan not interrupt another speakerMust specify the length of time in the motionProper exampleMr President, I move to take a 5 minute recess.
11 Question of Privilege Purpose Does not need a second Not amendable This allows for people in the group to ask for changes in the temperature, for ideas to clarified, for motions to be explained, for others to repeat their discussion or motions, and anything that may help the meeting run more smoothly.Does not need a secondNot amendableNot debatableNo Vote, Presidents decisionCan interrupt another speakerProper ExampleMadam President, I Rise to a question of privilege.President says, “State Your Question”Then the member says, It is hot in here, may we turn on the air conditioner.President announces decision
12 Orders of the Day Purpose Does not require a second Not Amendable This motion forces the group to return to the set agenda, without finishing the current business.Does not require a secondNot AmendableNot Debatable2/3 vote against to failCan only be made on motions that are not on the set agenda for that meeting.Mr. President, I call for the orders of the day.President : Orders of the day has been called. All those who wish to return to the orders of the day, raise your hand. All those opposed to returning to the orders of the day, same sign.
13 Subsidiary Motions Lay on the Table Previous Question Limit or extend debate time limitsPostpone definitelyRefer to committeeAmendPostpone indefinitely
14 To lay on the table Purpose Requires a second Not amendable To defer action on the motion until later in the meeting or until the next meeting Used for more important pressing business. Must be brought from table by close of next meeting or motion dies.Requires a secondNot amendableNot debatableMajority VoteCan not interrupt another speakerProper example:Mr. Chair, I move to lay this motion on the table
15 Previous Question Purpose Requires a second Not amendable To force an immediate Vote on the motionRequires a secondNot amendableNot Debatable2/3 VoteCan not interrupt another speakerProper example:Madam President, I move the previous questionMr President, I call for the previous question
16 Limit or extend debate time limits Limit / Extend Debate ContinuedMaker of the motion must specifythe amount of timethe number of speakers that can debate the motionProper ExampleMadam President, I move that we limit debate on this motion to 3 discussions for the motion and 3 discussions against the motion.Madam President, I move to limit debate to a maximum of 5 minutes.
17 Postpone definitely Purpose Requires a second Amendable Debatable allow for the motion on the floor to be deferred to a different day, meeting, or until after a certain eventRequires a secondAmendableDebatableMajority VoteCan interrupt a speakerProper example:Madam Chair, I move to postpone this motion until the December Regular Meeting.
18 Refer or Refer to committee Purposeused to send a pending question to a small group so that the question may be carefully investigatedEither standing or special committeeMust specify committee powersRequires a SecondAmendableDebatableMajority VoteProper example:Madam Chair, I move that we refer this motion to the Leadership Committee to report back to the assembly.Or. Mr. Chair, I move to refer this motion to a committee of 3 appointed by the chair with the power to act.
19 Postpone indefinitely PurposeTo kill a main motionRequires a secondNot AmendableDebatableMajority VoteCan not interrupt another speakerCan be reconsidered only if passedProper Example: Mr President, I move to Postpone this motion indefinitely
20 Main Motions Used to introduce ideas to the group Must be stated in the formI Move thatI Move toCan not be in negative formOnly one main motion at a timeRequire a secondAmendableCan Be ChangedDebatableCan be talked aboutMajority VoteCan be voice
21 Main Motions Continued Main Motions that are not LegalBreak any Local, State or National LawsAny motion that brings up a motion that has already been failedItems that are outside the power of the groupNegative motionsPolitical or religious SupportThe person who makes a motion can not talk against itMain motions can be reconsideredCan not interrupt another speakerProper Example: Mr President, I move that the chapter participate in chapter business competition this year.
22 Effective DebateThe purpose of debate is to persuade the assembly to vote in a certain way.Beginning StatementHow do you feel about the motion? Do you want it to be adopted? How do you want people to vote?Example: This motion is an asinine idea!Middle StatementPresent Sound logical evidence to back up your beginning statement.Effective debate should have complete thoughts, logical reasoning, and conviction of theoryExample: SkillsUSA can not afford JLDC this year. We only have $500 in our account right now. Furthermore we need a new plasma cutter that could benefit everyone in the Department.
23 Effective Debate Ending Statement Reinforce your statement and how you want people to vote.Example: So for these reasons I beg you to vote against the horrible motion.
24 Steps to handling a Main Motion StandAsk to be recognized by PresidentPresident recognizes you by nameMotion is correctly statedMotion is secondedMotion is repeated by PresidentMotion is discussedPresident restates motionMotion is voted onResults of vote announced by President
25 Amendments Purpose Must be germane Can be amended in 4 ways Used to modify a main motionMust be germaneClosely related to the original topicCan be amended in 4 waysInserting in middleAdding to endStriking OutStriking out and insertingRequires a secondAmendableDebatableMajority Vote
26 Amendments continued Can not interrupt another speaker Can be reconsideredImproper amendmentsany thing not germanefrivolous or absurdleave an incoherent wordingProper Example:Motion on floor: That we attend state conference.Amendment: Mr. Chair, I move to amend the motion by inserting “and national” after state so the motion would read that we attend state and national conference
27 Incidental Motions Appeal Division of the Assembly Division of a questionObject to considerationParliamentary InquiryPoint of OrderSuspend the rules
28 Appeal Purpose Requires a second Not amendable To reverse the decision of the chairman, after they have made an error.Requires a secondNot amendableDebatable (this is the only motion where President can discuss)Majority voteCan interrupt another speakerMost of the time you should support the decision of your president.Proper ExampleMr President I appeal the decision of the chair.President should say “Appeal the decision of the chair has been called, all those who wish to uphold the decision of the chair say I, all opposed same sign.”
29 Division of the assembly PurposeWhen called, this forces a immediate revote by handDoes not require a secondNot amendableNot debatableNo vote neededCan interrupt another speakerMust be called after decision is announced by chairProper formCan be made by saying “division” loud enough for the entire group to hearOr by standing and saying “I call for a division of the house”
30 Division of a Motion Divide a Motion Purpose This motion allows a motion that has been made to be split into two different motionsThis can only be made on motions that have two main ideas that are not dependent on each otherRequires a secondNot debatableAmendableMajority voteCan not interrupt another speaker
31 Division of a Motion Continued Proper exampleMotion on the floor, I move that we attend State and National Conferences.Madam President, I move to divide this motion into two motions; The first stating the we attend state conference and the second that we go to national conference.
32 Object to the Consideration PurposeUsed when a member thinks that the activity or action of the group is not appropriate.Does not require a secondNot amendableNot debatable2/3 voteCan interrupt another speakerProper formMr President, I object to the consideration of this question.President should say “Objection to the consideration has been called. All those who wish to consider the motion raise your right hand. All those who object to the consideration of this question same sign.
33 Parliamentary inquiry Purpose- To get clarification on parliamentary procedure.May interrupt another speaker.Example:Member: Parliamentary inquiryChair: State your QuestionMember: What is the vote required to limit debate?Chair: 2/3rd vote because it limits the rights of members.
34 Point of Order Purpose Does not require a second Not amendable Used when a member thinks that the rules of the group or the rules of parliamentary procedure are being violated.Does not require a secondNot amendableNot debatablePresident decides on verdictCan interrupt another speakerProper exampleMr President, I rise to a point of order.President says, “State your point”After member states point, president says “your point is well taken” or “Your point is not well taken”
35 Suspend the Rules Purpose Requires a second Not amendable allows the chapter to break the rules of parliamentary procedure, or the current constitution for a short period of time.Requires a secondNot amendableNot debatable2/3 voteCan not interrupt another speakerProper example:Mr President, Because of the lack of time tonight, I move to suspend the rules and skip directly to new business.
36 Motions that bring back a motion before the assembly again ReconsiderRescindTake from the Table
37 Reconsider Purpose Requires a second Not amendable Debatable to reevaluate a failing decision that was made earlierRequires a secondNot amendableDebatableMajority voteCan not interrupt another speakerIf passed, the motion to be reconsidered is handled just as if it was never voted onOnly can be made by a person who voted on the winning sideIf passed the motion is handled immediately if:only a main motion with amendments is on the floor.
38 Reconsider Continued Handled after the current business if: discussion on refer to committee, or postponement has started.Motions that can be reconsideredMain motionsAmendmentsRefer to committeePostpone definitelyPrevious questionAppeal the decision of the chairOnly if failedwithdrawOnly if passedPostpone indefinitelyProper ExampleMr President, I move to reconsider the motion to attend JLDC.
39 Recind Purpose Requires a Second Debatable Amendable 2/3 majority vote To REPEAL PREVIOUS ACTION THAT PASSEDRequires a SecondDebatableAmendable2/3 majority voteCan not interrupt another speakerProper ExampleMadam President, I move that we recind the motion to tour Austal Shipyard.
40 To take from the table Purpose Requires a second not amendable To take a motion that is on the table off of the table.Requires a secondnot amendableNot debatableMajority voteCan not interrupt another speakerProper ExampleI move to take the motion that reads to attend State Conference from the table.
41 Withdraw a motionTo take a motion from the table. Must be done by person making motion. Must be seconded.Example: I move to withdraw the motion.
42 We will now carry out a motion using correct parliamentary procedure. Trail Mix
44 Main Motion: I move that our SkillsUSA donate $500 to the local habitat for humanity project. Chair 1: Fixed time which to adjournChair 2: RecessChair 3: Lay on the TableChair 4: Main MotionChair 5: Question of privilege (Cold, may we turn off air conditioner?)