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Click to edit Master title style Click to edit Master text styles – Second level Third level – Fourth level » Fifth level INMM Standards Committee N15 ‘Methods of Nuclear Material Control’ Lynne Preston, N15 Secretary
Lynne Preston N15 Secretary NMMSS Users Training Meeting Las Vegas, Nevada May 20, 2010 INMM Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) N15
Slide 3 Acknowledgements Carrie Mathews and Melanie May –Devoted volunteers on N15’s Board of Officers; –Coauthors of a paper on which this presentation is based, given by Carrie Mathews at the 2009 INMM Annual Meeting Brian Horn, Nuclear Regulatory Commission –Suggested this opportunity to speak with NRC licensees NMMSS UsersTraining Meeting; May 20, 2010
Slide 4NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Outline American National Standards Nuclear Standards Developing Organizations Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) N15 –Purpose and Scope –Stakeholders (Interest Categories) –Standards Development Process –Standards (Past, Present, and Future) Benefits of Participation Please Volunteer!
Slide 5NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Laws, Regulations, Voluntary Standards Laws –Established by Congress; published as statues in the U.S. Code –Mandatory; violations punishable by fines or imprisonment Regulations –Developed by regulatory agencies to set requirements for how public law is to be met; published in Code of Federal Regulations –Mandatory; violations punishable by fines Voluntary Consensus Standards –Developed by government, private companies, professional, nonprofit, or consumer organizations to set requirements for products, processes, services or systems (e.g., for DVD format) –Not mandatory unless specified by contract or regulation
Slide 6NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A private, non-profit organization [501(c)(3)] founded in 1918 by 5 engineering societies and 3 government agencies. Ensures that balance is maintained among competing interests and that standards development is an open and transparent process including the attainment of consensus by materially affected parties. Enhances the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment programs (e.g., testing by Underwriters Laboratories).
Slide 7NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Standards Developing Organizations N13 (HPS) –Standards for radiation protection of workers and the public related to the use, testing, and measurement of radiation. N14 (INMM) –Standards for packaging and transportation of fissile and radioactive materials and non-nuclear hazardous materials, not including handling during processing and manufacturing. N15 (INMM) –Standards for protection, control, and accounting of special nuclear material in all phases of the nuclear fuel cycle. C26 (ASTM) –Performance standards and test methods for nuclear fuel cycle materials, products, and processes.
Slide 8NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 More Nuclear SDOs N16 (ANS) –Standards for nuclear criticality safety of fissile material outside reactors and for coping with accidents should they occur. N17 (ANS) –Standards for the location, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of nuclear reactors for training and research, critical facilities, and reactor physics calculations. N42 (IEEE) –Performance standards, specifications, and test methods related to instruments used for detection and measurement of radiation. ISO TC 85 –Standards for peaceful applications of nuclear energy and the protection of individuals against all sources of ionizing radiation.
Slide 9 The Role of INMM The INMM was formed in 1958 to encourage: –The advancement of nuclear materials management in all its aspects. –The promotion of research in the field of nuclear materials management. –The establishment of standards, consistent with existing professional norms. –The improvement of the qualifications of those engaged in nuclear materials management and safeguards through high standards of professional ethics, education, and attainment, and the recognition of those who meet such standards. –The increase and dissemination of information through meetings, professional contacts, reports, papers, discussions, and publications. NMMSS UsersTraining Meeting; May 20, 2010
Slide 10NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Significance to U.S. Regulatory Policies H.R. 2196, the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995, Section 12, paragraph (d).(1): “Except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection, all Federal agencies and departments shall use technical standards that are developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies, using such technical standards as a means to carry out policy objectives or activities determined by the agencies and departments.”
Slide 11NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Organization INMM serves as the Standards Developing Organization (SDO) accredited by ANSI to manage Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) N15, “Methods of Nuclear Material Control.” The SDO pays annual membership fees to ANSI. The SDO must demonstrate compliance with ANSI’s essential requirements. Operating Procedures are updated annually and approved by ANSI. ANSI periodically audits its SDOs and reaccredits them (or withholds accreditation.) INMM was reaccredited to manage N15 after passing a comprehensive audit in 2009.
Slide 12NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Purpose and Scope Purpose: ASC N15 develops and sustains American National Standards for the nuclear industries (may be used by both NRC licensees and DOE contractors). Scope: Standards for the protection, control and accounting of special nuclear material in all phases of the nuclear fuel cycle, including analytical procedures where necessary and special to this purpose [except that protection of special nuclear material within a nuclear power plant is not included].
Slide 13NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Standards N15 Standards provide high-level information needed to implement programs, processes, and practices within the U.S. nuclear industries, promoting consistency and reducing duplication. Examples include: –Quality control programs for measurement of nuclear material, and –Employee qualification and certification. Where applicable, detailed test methods or procedures are typically described in ASTM standards. International (ISO) standards can be adopted as American National Standards, subject to regular procedures for review and vote.
Slide 14NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Evolution of N15 Through the 1970’s and 80’s, N15 worked closely with the AEC (then ERDA, then NRC & DOE) preparing standards to flesh out U.S. regulations. By 1994, DOE and NRC had issued agency-specific guides for many of the topics covered by N15 standards. –Participation in standards development has fallen. In 2009, N15 has –1 active Subcommittee and 4 writing groups; –2 active standards and 1 in ballot; –2 standards under revision and 1 in development.
Slide 15NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Status Over the Years INMM ASC N15 priorities have adjusted and changed as the needs of its stakeholders have changed. New standards are proposed and developed, active standards are updated, international standards may be adopted, and standards no longer needed are withdrawn. Careful attention to balance among the stakeholder communities has persisted over the decades, avoiding dominance by any single interest category.
Slide 16NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Ballot Roster (2009) by Interest Category Standards Developing Organization (SDO) –Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM) –American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) –American Society for Quality (ASQ) –American Nuclear Society (ANS) –American Society of Industrial Security (ASIS) Standards and Testing Laboratory –National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) –New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL)
Slide 17NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Ballot Roster (2009) by Interest Category (cont.) NRC/State-Regulated Facility –AREVA-NP –Global Nuclear Fuels –BWXT Lynchburg –Westinghouse Nuclear DOE-Regulated Facility –Sandia National Laboratory –Los Alamos National Laboratory –Y-12 National Security Complex –Savannah River National Laboratory
Slide 18NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Ballot Roster (2009) by Interest Category (cont.) Federal Regulatory Agency –U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) –U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Member-at-Large –Joseph D. Rivers –Yvonne Ferris –Reuben C. McGilvary III –Obie Amacker, Jr. –Martha Williams (nominated, not yet approved by ballot vote)
Slide 19 Standards Development Process Determine Need and Scope; N15 Project Approved Form Writing Team (consider balance/conflict of interests) Project Initiation (PINS) Form to ANSI Writing Team Drafts, Reviews, Revises, and Approves N15 Editorial Review N15 Ballot; BSR-8 to ANSI - Public Review and Comment –Writing team resolves comments –Appeals process for comments which cannot be resolved BSR-9 to ANSI - Approval as an American National Standard Publication NMMSS UsersTraining Meeting; May 20, 2010
Slide 20 Example - N15.8 Revision ANSI N15.8-1974 was written when the fuel assembly was the primary unit of interest for control and accounting of special nuclear material. Events at Millstone Unit 1 Vermont Yankee, and Humboldt Bay (2000-2004) indicated a need for establishing acceptable practices for rods and pieces that meet NRC regulations. Scope Determined – NMMSS User’s Meeting, May 2005 Writing Team Formed, PINS Submitted – Spring 2006 –Writing team included representatives of the NRC, NRC licensees, and the Idaho National Laboratory NMMSS UsersTraining Meeting; May 20, 2010
Slide 21 Example - N15.8 Revision (cont.) Drafts Reviewed and Revised – 2006 through 2007 Comments Invited –Discussed at INMM N15 Annual Meetings, 2006 through 2008 –Presentation by Williams and Morello, ANS/INMM 8 th International Conference on Facility Operations – Safeguards Interface –Morello/Williams at NMMSS Users Training Meeting – May 2008 Approved by Ballot Roster – April-May/(November) 2008 Public Review and Comment – July-September 2008 BSR-9 Submitted to ANSI – December 2008 –ANSI inquiries regarding balance resolved February 2009 ANSI Publication, April 2009 NMMSS UsersTraining Meeting; May 20, 2010
Slide 22NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Examples of Past Standards N15.1-1970, Classification of Irradiated Pu Scrap N15.2-1971, Record and Reporting Units for Nuclear Materials Control N15.3-1972, Physical Inventories of Nuclear Materials N15.4-1971, Guide to Practices, Nuclear Material Control Systems for Conversion Facilities N15.9-1975, Nuclear Material Control Systems for Fuel Fabrication Facilities N15.11-1983, Nuclear Material Balance Reports - Audit Opinions N15.26-1976, Physical Protection of Special Nuclear Materials within a Facility
Slide 23NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Active Standards (2009) N15.51-2007, Measurement Control Program – Nuclear Materials Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (published) N15.8-2009, Special Nuclear Material Control and Accounting Systems for Nuclear Power Plants (published) N15.36-1994, Nondestructive Assay Measurement Control and Assurance (final ballot) N15 standards are published and distributed through the ANSI eStandards Store; webstore.ansi.orgwebstore.ansi.org
Slide 24NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 Current Projects (2010) N15.19-1989, Tank Volume Calibration Standard (Adopt ISO 18213 series, “Nuclear Fuel Technology – Tank Calibration and Volume Measurement”?) N15.28-1991, Guide for Qualification and Certification of Safeguards and Security Personnel N15.41-1984 (R1994), Derivation of Measurement Control Programs, General Principles N15.51-2007, Measurement Control Principles for Destructive Assay Laboratories
Slide 25NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 - New Actions (2010) Measurement Programs for In-Situ Nuclear Materials (Nuclear Material Holdup) –Project Initiation (PINS) form filed with ANSI –Strawman complete Unique Identification of Items (e.g. UF 6 cylinders) –Need, scope and jurisdiction under review N15.1, Classification of Unirradiated U Scrap and N15.10, Classification of Unirradiated Pu Scrap –Need and scope under review
Slide 26NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 ASC N15 - Future Directions New Nuclear Facilities Under Construction –New enrichment technology – GCEP, SILEX –New fuel fabrication plants – MOX –Radiological Source Security Material control for nuclear and radiological materials of potential use in a malevolent act, e.g. RDD, IED. Decommissioning –Facility and plant closure, materials disposition International Target Values, revise and update
Slide 27NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Benefits of Participation Establish Consistency on a Voluntary Basis –Enjoy economies of scale (solve a problem once only) –Simplify data integration and support business transactions Clarify Expectations –Document acceptable practices that meet regulatory requirements –Convey industry requirements to non-nuclear vendors Reduce Risks of Developing New Technologies Prepare for the Future; Pay It Forward
Slide 28NMMSS Users Training Meeting; May 20, 2010 Please Volunteer! Carrie Mathews, N15 Chair Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 509-375-6783; (email@example.com) Melanie May, N15 Vice-Chair U.S. Department of Energy 301-903-1566; (firstname.lastname@example.org) Lynne Preston, N15 Secretary U.S. Department of Energy 301-903-2627; (email@example.com)