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GOVERNMENT REFORM PROPOSAL Changing the rules of politics in Michigan to help Democrats.

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1 GOVERNMENT REFORM PROPOSAL Changing the rules of politics in Michigan to help Democrats

2 The problem: A historical view Democrats have not controlled the entire State Legislature in 25 years Democrats have not controlled the entire State Legislature in 25 years Democrats have never controlled the Governor, Senate and House when redistricting has occurred in the modern one person/one vote era, 1965-present Democrats have never controlled the Governor, Senate and House when redistricting has occurred in the modern one person/one vote era, 1965-present Since World War II (62 years), Democrats have controlled the Governor, Senate and House simultaneously for one year: 1983 Since World War II (62 years), Democrats have controlled the Governor, Senate and House simultaneously for one year: 1983

3 The result Democrats have been reduced to a de-facto permanent legislative minority in Lansing, especially since 1990 Democrats have been reduced to a de-facto permanent legislative minority in Lansing, especially since 1990 Democratic constituencies -- women, minorities, labor, consumers, the poor and environmentalists -- have little voice in the Legislature on issues such as: Democratic constituencies -- women, minorities, labor, consumers, the poor and environmentalists -- have little voice in the Legislature on issues such as: Tort law: Kreiner Tort law: Kreiner Campaign finance reform Campaign finance reform Health care reform Health care reform Civil rights Civil rights Canadian trash Canadian trash Etc. Etc.

4 The problem: Redistricting Redistricting: Definition Redistricting: Definition The process by which legislative district lines are drawn for 10 years The process by which legislative district lines are drawn for 10 years In 2002, this process was controlled by Republicans and led to a gerrymandered reapportionment plan that favored Republicans In 2002, this process was controlled by Republicans and led to a gerrymandered reapportionment plan that favored Republicans The next redistricting happens in and will be in effect for The next redistricting happens in and will be in effect for

5 Redistricting: Process Must control Governor, Senate, House and Supreme Court to control the process as MIGOP did in ; Democrats have never controlled all four simultaneously in a redistricting year Must control Governor, Senate, House and Supreme Court to control the process as MIGOP did in ; Democrats have never controlled all four simultaneously in a redistricting year Control of Supreme Court most important: Court can overturn redistricting done by the other three Control of Supreme Court most important: Court can overturn redistricting done by the other three

6 Redistricting: Criteria Focus on preserving county, city and township boundaries Focus on preserving county, city and township boundaries NCEC and other studies show these criteria systematically biased against Democrats NCEC and other studies show these criteria systematically biased against Democrats

7 The problem: Democrats unlikely to control redistricting in elections will use the Senate and House districts gerrymandered against Democrats in elections will use the Senate and House districts gerrymandered against Democrats in 2002 Many legislative Democrats in marginal districts term limited out in 2010 Many legislative Democrats in marginal districts term limited out in 2010 Mid-term election: Democratic turnout lower Mid-term election: Democratic turnout lower Continuing political fallout of 2007 Democratic tax increase votes Continuing political fallout of 2007 Democratic tax increase votes Governor’s seat is open in 2010 Governor’s seat is open in 2010 Democrats must defeat two of three incumbent GOP Justices up for re-election in 2008 and 2010 at $10 million per election in the face of ballot incumbency designation; an incumbent Justice has not been defeated since 1984 Democrats must defeat two of three incumbent GOP Justices up for re-election in 2008 and 2010 at $10 million per election in the face of ballot incumbency designation; an incumbent Justice has not been defeated since 1984

8 Controlling redistricting by typical elections Controlling redistricting in 2011 by winning Governor, Senate, House and Supreme Court (or even just the Supreme Court) is an extremely expensive and very long shot proposition Controlling redistricting in 2011 by winning Governor, Senate, House and Supreme Court (or even just the Supreme Court) is an extremely expensive and very long shot proposition

9 The problem: 2010 and beyond Without significant reform of legislative redistricting and the Supreme Court before 2010, the historical pattern will continue Without significant reform of legislative redistricting and the Supreme Court before 2010, the historical pattern will continue Michigan Democrats likely will not control Michigan State Government during Michigan Democrats likely will not control Michigan State Government during GOP control of Governor, Senate and House is more likely than Democratic control in ; another “Engler era” quite possible GOP control of Governor, Senate and House is more likely than Democratic control in ; another “Engler era” quite possible Harm to Democratic constituencies will continue: labor and tort “reform,” erosion of civil rights and environmental protections, budget cuts, privatization Harm to Democratic constituencies will continue: labor and tort “reform,” erosion of civil rights and environmental protections, budget cuts, privatization

10 Redistricting reform in 2008 or 2010? Redistricting reform by itself will not be approved by the voters Redistricting reform by itself will not be approved by the voters As failed ballot proposals during 2005 in California and Ohio demonstrate, redistricting reform by itself is very difficult to enact: complex topic, issue becomes partisan As failed ballot proposals during 2005 in California and Ohio demonstrate, redistricting reform by itself is very difficult to enact: complex topic, issue becomes partisan To succeed, redistricting reform must be a small part of a larger, popular state government reform proposal To succeed, redistricting reform must be a small part of a larger, popular state government reform proposal

11 The path to change the political rules: Streamline state government In 2008, use the public’s very negative mood and high level of discouragement about state government (the worst in 25 years) to enact a ballot proposal which comprehensively reforms state government, including changing the structural obstacles to Democratic control of state government in In 2008, use the public’s very negative mood and high level of discouragement about state government (the worst in 25 years) to enact a ballot proposal which comprehensively reforms state government, including changing the structural obstacles to Democratic control of state government in

12 Research Focus groups Focus groups Polling Polling Ballot testing Ballot testing Affordable way test a specific ballot proposal by giving voters the actual ballot language and re- create the voting process as faithfully as possible Affordable way test a specific ballot proposal by giving voters the actual ballot language and re- create the voting process as faithfully as possible

13 The bleak mood of Michigan Based on nine focus groups and two statewide polls from May-October 2007 performed by Greenberg Quinlan Rosner: Based on nine focus groups and two statewide polls from May-October 2007 performed by Greenberg Quinlan Rosner: 82% believe Michigan on “wrong track” 82% believe Michigan on “wrong track” Highest wrong track in 27 years of polling Highest wrong track in 27 years of polling 12% approval of legislative job performance 12% approval of legislative job performance 25% approval of governor’s job performance 25% approval of governor’s job performance 66% oppose recent tax increases 66% oppose recent tax increases

14 Quinlan: environment is ripe “The current environment in Michigan is ripe for enacting major reforms to the state government.” “The current environment in Michigan is ripe for enacting major reforms to the state government.” “…voters express broad support for a package of reforms to all three branches of the government and the electoral process.” “…voters express broad support for a package of reforms to all three branches of the government and the electoral process.” “They support these reforms because they make government more accountable for its actions and get government back to focusing on the most important problems.” “They support these reforms because they make government more accountable for its actions and get government back to focusing on the most important problems.” “Voters react very favorably when introduced to the proposed ballot initiative. In the focus groups, about three-quarters of participants say they would vote for it, and similarly, respondents in the survey begin with nearly four-to-one support, 77 to 20 percent.” “Voters react very favorably when introduced to the proposed ballot initiative. In the focus groups, about three-quarters of participants say they would vote for it, and similarly, respondents in the survey begin with nearly four-to-one support, 77 to 20 percent.”

15 Reforming the Legislative Branch Legislators’ benefits after leaving office to be the same as retired state employees Legislators’ benefits after leaving office to be the same as retired state employees Stop the revolving door between the Legislature and lobbying with one- or two-year lobbying ban Stop the revolving door between the Legislature and lobbying with one- or two-year lobbying ban Require annual public disclosure of income and assets by all legislators Require annual public disclosure of income and assets by all legislators Reduce legislative salaries by 25 percent – back to 2002 levels Reduce legislative salaries by 25 percent – back to 2002 levels

16 Reforming the Legislative Branch Reduce the Senate from 38 to 28 and the House from 110 to 82 Reduce the Senate from 38 to 28 and the House from 110 to 82 Redistricting done once per decade by a nine- person nonpartisan commission Redistricting done once per decade by a nine- person nonpartisan commission Commission must create equal number of Democratic and Republican leaning districts, while also creating swing districts Commission must create equal number of Democratic and Republican leaning districts, while also creating swing districts No judicial appeals No judicial appeals

17 Reforming the Judicial Branch Judicial benefits after leaving office to be the same as retired state employees Judicial benefits after leaving office to be the same as retired state employees Reduce judicial salaries by 25 percent Reduce judicial salaries by 25 percent Toughen disciplinary and conflict of interest requirements Toughen disciplinary and conflict of interest requirements Require annual public disclosure of income and assets for all judges and justices Require annual public disclosure of income and assets for all judges and justices

18 Reforming the Judicial Branch Add 10 judges to the lower courts Add 10 judges to the lower courts Reduce the number of Supreme Court Justices from seven to five; two GOP Justices eliminated Reduce the number of Supreme Court Justices from seven to five; two GOP Justices eliminated Reduce the Court of Appeals from 28 to 20 judges, most of them Engler appointees Reduce the Court of Appeals from 28 to 20 judges, most of them Engler appointees

19 Reforming the Executive Branch Benefits after leaving office for the four statewide elected officials to be the same as retired state employees Benefits after leaving office for the four statewide elected officials to be the same as retired state employees Reduce the salaries of the four statewide elected officials by 25 percent Reduce the salaries of the four statewide elected officials by 25 percent Stop the revolving door between the executive branch and lobbying Stop the revolving door between the executive branch and lobbying Require annual public disclosure of income and assets for the four statewide elected officials Require annual public disclosure of income and assets for the four statewide elected officials

20 Reforming the Executive Branch Reduce the constitutional cap on the number of state government departments from 20 to 18 Reduce the constitutional cap on the number of state government departments from 20 to 18 Reduce the number (250+) of state boards and commissions to 200 Reduce the number (250+) of state boards and commissions to 200

21 Election reforms Make the Bureau of Elections independent of partisanship Make the Bureau of Elections independent of partisanship Allow no-reason absentee voting. Allow no-reason absentee voting. Require post-election audits of election procedures Require post-election audits of election procedures Require paper trails for all voting systems Require paper trails for all voting systems Ban election official campaign role(s) Ban election official campaign role(s) Enact anti-fraud measures Enact anti-fraud measures Prohibit illegal immigrants from registering and voting Prohibit illegal immigrants from registering and voting

22 Quinlan Analysis of Ballot Proposal Disclosure, reduced salaries and benefits are the most well-received proposals Disclosure, reduced salaries and benefits are the most well-received proposals Overwhelmingly, voters are favorable toward some of the changes affecting judges, statewide elected officials, and legislators: Overwhelmingly, voters are favorable toward some of the changes affecting judges, statewide elected officials, and legislators: Annually disclose income and assets (66 percent strongly support, 83 percent total support) Annually disclose income and assets (66 percent strongly support, 83 percent total support) Reduce health care benefits after leaving office (59 percent strongly support, 76 percent total support) Reduce health care benefits after leaving office (59 percent strongly support, 76 percent total support) Reduce their salaries by 25 percent (57 percent strongly support, 76 percent total support) Reduce their salaries by 25 percent (57 percent strongly support, 76 percent total support)

23 Quinlan Analysis of Ballot Proposal Voters feel that they’ve suffered a lot in this economic recession, and that the government should share in their burden. Voters feel that they’ve suffered a lot in this economic recession, and that the government should share in their burden. Voters are also supportive of reducing the number of state boards and commissions from 250 to 200 (52 percent strongly support, 80 percent support). Voters are also supportive of reducing the number of state boards and commissions from 250 to 200 (52 percent strongly support, 80 percent support).

24 Keep but reduce both houses Reducing both houses is the most favorable way to cut the Legislature Reducing both houses is the most favorable way to cut the Legislature Voters have reservations about a unicameral Legislature Voters have reservations about a unicameral Legislature Dramatic change with no foreseeable benefits Dramatic change with no foreseeable benefits Also reservations on part-time legislature Also reservations on part-time legislature Voters want a legislature that is working overtime to help move the state in a better direction, not one that is scaled back in its commitment to the state Voters want a legislature that is working overtime to help move the state in a better direction, not one that is scaled back in its commitment to the state The survey confirms that voters are generally favorable to reducing both houses, and attacks that it would create political mayhem generate just mild concerns The survey confirms that voters are generally favorable to reducing both houses, and attacks that it would create political mayhem generate just mild concerns

25 Legislative redistricting Voters initially favored the redistricting reforms, Voters initially favored the redistricting reforms, Maintained majority support even after a series of tough attacks based on illegal immigration, cost and implementation Maintained majority support even after a series of tough attacks based on illegal immigration, cost and implementation The key to its passage is packaging it with the other very popular reforms The key to its passage is packaging it with the other very popular reforms

26 Term taint entire proposal Term limits taint entire proposal Voters do not favor expanding term limits Voters do not favor expanding term limits Including a term limits repeal or revision could tank the reform proposal Including a term limits repeal or revision could tank the reform proposal 60 percent of voters say expanding term limits to 12 years in each house would make them less likely to vote for the proposal 60 percent of voters say expanding term limits to 12 years in each house would make them less likely to vote for the proposal Only 33 percent said expansion of term limits would make them more likely to vote for the proposal Only 33 percent said expansion of term limits would make them more likely to vote for the proposal

27 “” “Reorganizing” the courts One half of those surveyed heard the judicial cuts as originally proposed (cuts only) One half of those surveyed heard the judicial cuts as originally proposed (cuts only) Cutting Supreme Court: 50 percent favor, 40 percent oppose Cutting Supreme Court: 50 percent favor, 40 percent oppose Cutting Court of Appeals: 58 percent favor, 31 percent oppose Cutting Court of Appeals: 58 percent favor, 31 percent oppose Other half heard an alternative plan to reorganize the number of judges at each level (cut Appellate and Supreme Court while adding local judges) Other half heard an alternative plan to reorganize the number of judges at each level (cut Appellate and Supreme Court while adding local judges) Reorganizing courts: 70 percent favor, 20 percent oppose Reorganizing courts: 70 percent favor, 20 percent oppose This preference for an adjustment in the courts instead of cuts fits with the core of this proposal: making the government more accountable and focused on the state’s priorities This preference for an adjustment in the courts instead of cuts fits with the core of this proposal: making the government more accountable and focused on the state’s priorities

28 Executive changes well-received Voters react favorably to the proposed cuts to the executive branch. Voters react favorably to the proposed cuts to the executive branch. 52 percent of voters say that they strongly favor reducing the number of state boards and commissions from 250 to percent of voters say that they strongly favor reducing the number of state boards and commissions from 250 to percent say they strongly favor reducing the number of state government departments from 20 to percent say they strongly favor reducing the number of state government departments from 20 to 18.

29 Election reforms Election reforms are popular, according to polling from Election reforms are popular, according to polling from Can pass as part of a package Can pass as part of a package However, allowing registration on Election Day or within 30 days of an election jeopardizes the proposal However, allowing registration on Election Day or within 30 days of an election jeopardizes the proposal Anti-fraud and illegal immigrant provisions added to preempt attacks Anti-fraud and illegal immigrant provisions added to preempt attacks

30 Budget: Petition drive 500,000 Signatures $1,250, ,000 Signatures $1,250,000 (10% of 2006 gubernatorial vote + 25% cushion) (10% of 2006 gubernatorial vote + 25% cushion) x $2.50/signature x $2.50/signature (includes printing) (includes printing) Legal $150,000 Legal $150,000 Drafting petition Drafting petition Board of Canvassers Board of Canvassers Litigation $300/hr. x 500 $300/hr. x 500 hrs.) Staff supervision of petition drive MDP in-kind Staff supervision of petition drive MDP in-kind Compliance MDP in-kind Compliance MDP in-kind Petition total: $1,400,000 Petition total: $1,400,000

31 Budget: Fall campaign Media (3 weeks statewide TV) $2,500,000 Media (3 weeks statewide TV) $2,500,000 Phon -phone women) $475,000 Phon -phone women) $475,000 Literature (1,000,000 x $0.10) $100,000 Literature (1,000,000 x $0.10) $100,000 Polling (1 baseline and 3 trackers) $55,000 Polling (1 baseline and 3 trackers) $55,000 Administration (office, computers, phones, etc.) $40,000 Administration (office, computers, phones, etc.) $40,000 Compliance MDP in-kind Compliance MDP in-kind Legal ($350/hr. x 100 hrs.) $35,000 Legal ($350/hr. x 100 hrs.) $35,000 Staff $306,000 Staff $306,000 Director (8 $7,000/mo.) $56,000 Director (8 $7,000/mo.) $56,000 Deputy Director (6 $6,000/mo.) $36,000 Deputy Director (6 $6,000/mo.) $36,000 Communications Director (8 $5,500/mo.) $44,000 Communications Director (8 $5,500/mo.) $44,000 Press Secretary (6 $5,000/mo.) $30,000 Press Secretary (6 $5,000/mo.) $30,000 Fundraisers (2 for 6 $5,000/mo.) $60,000 Fundraisers (2 for 6 $5,000/mo.) $60,000 Volunteer Coordinator (4 $4,000/mo.) $16,000 Volunteer Coordinator (4 $4,000/mo.) $16,000 Taxes $27,000 Taxes $27,000 Health Insurance ($500/mo.) $22,000 Health Insurance ($500/mo.) $22,000 Mileage $15,000 Mileage $15,000 Campaign total: $3,511,000 Campaign total: $3,511,000

32 Grand total Petition drive $1,400,000 Petition drive $1,400,000 Fall campaign $3,511,000 Fall campaign $3,511,000 Total $4,911,000 Total $4,911,000

33 Budget analysis Less than half the cost of trying to beat an incumbent GOP Supreme Court Justice Less than half the cost of trying to beat an incumbent GOP Supreme Court Justice More is spent every four years trying to win the House and Senate, usually unsuccessfully More is spent every four years trying to win the House and Senate, usually unsuccessfully Less than half the cost of a presidential election year Coordinated Campaign Less than half the cost of a presidential election year Coordinated Campaign If the proposal passes, it will reduce the cost and increase the prospects of winning the State Legislature every cycle If the proposal passes, it will reduce the cost and increase the prospects of winning the State Legislature every cycle

34 Calendar Dec – Jan Dec – Jan Petition drafting Petition drafting By Feb. 1, 2008 By Feb. 1, 2008 Petition drive begins Petition drive begins July 7, 2008 July 7, 2008 Signatures due Signatures due


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