9Fractured glass from window pane found on ground after fire Fractured glass from window pane found on ground after fire. Note: no smoke stains – “Warning” sign on glass intact and not heat damaged – no curved fractures and all straight-line fractures -conclusion = mechanical damage prior to fire (break-in)
12Each of these scenes could be a crime scene and you are the 1st in!!!!YIKES!
13First In Firefighters are in a unique position to observe and note conditions and behaviour that maybe of critical importance in the investigative phase
14Primary role of Dublin Firefighter Save LifeSave PropertyRender Humanitarian AidAll of these carry an intrinsic ‘ rider ’When safe to do so………………..And we endeavour to carry out these roles regardless of the the status of that scene.
15…..but not regardless of other considerations Why?
16Because……… Every Scene we attend is potentially a crime scene And in accordance with best international practice we must understand our role as firefighters in relatioin to crime scenes.
18So what can the firefighter do So what can the firefighter do? Start thinking ‘outside the box’ From the time of the call Enroute to the scene Arrival at the scene Initial impressions at the scene Persons at the scene what you did at and inside the scene
19ScenarioD D/O Delta‘ Will you respond to a domestic fire, fully involved, at no. 66 Busy Street, off Malahide rd we have two confimed persons reported from off duty Firefighter. Senior Officer, Gardaí, ESB, Bord Gáis responding’.
20You are on your way to this scene You are on your way to this scene. Take a few moments to gather your thoughts and mentally prepare. You, your fellow firefighters and the Incident Commander will have a unique opportunity to make observations about the fire because you will see the scene in its most undisturbed state. You also have the responsibility to exercise as much care as possible to preserve physical evidence for later collection. The investigation can be positively or negatively affected by what you do or do not do. Mentally review your firefighting and observation responsibilities.
21At the Scene prior to entry Information you might be given directly.Information you might overhear.Human behaviour of those you are talking with.How are people speaking with you or to you!Behaviour that you see beside you, see at a distance.Unusual smells prior to donning.Your focus is on your primary roles, that is your job.But always think that the scene you are about to entercould be a crime scene
22Route available to you -- Any difficulties with this route Inside the SceneRoute available to you -- Any difficulties with this routeAnything suspicious about those difficultiesWhat is the temperature likeWhere is the fireCan you tell what is on fireWhat colour is the flame
23Inside the Scene (continued) How high are the flamesWhat is the colour of the smokeIs it dense, rate of buoyancy?Heat and intensity in different areasYour observation of the burn, how did the fire behaveProblems encountered with the fire fight
24Inside the Scene (continued) How many seats of fire can you seeCan you tell what fuels might be involvedCan you identify any ventilation pointsHow does fire seat or hot layer gases react toH2O or CAFS
25Victims Cons or U/Cons Where were they found What position were they in What symptoms did they exhibit What did you do Why
26What are the implications of your actions? NoneWhy?Do as you are trained to doDo what will be considered reasonable
27Dr. Brian Farrell Dublin City Coroner WitnessesIdentification witness (or forensic evidence in relation to identification)Witnesses who can give evidence in relation to the circumstances of the firePerson who last saw the deceased aliveMembers of the fire service and rescue teamsScenes examinerInvestigating GardaPathologistDr. Brian Farrell Dublin City Coroner
28Observe Recognize Preserve Notify Your mental tape the scene.Observe(look at everything you can when possible N.B. 3 functions of a FF always come first)Recognize(Identify information that will be of use in follow up investigations)Preserve( Only move what is necessary, remember what you did and why you did it)Notify(Tell your Station Officer / Incident Commander what actions you did or what you saw.(Remember E.C.O. does not record all information on B.A. Board)
29So what are investigators looking out for? Information that remains at a scene which will help establish the Fire’s origin and cause:Where did it StartWhat was the first ignition source that came into contact with the first fuel
30Route to exact Point of Entry SummaryEn RouteAt SceneRoute to exact Point of EntryRouteinsideObservationsActions insideNotifyNotify again!
31Thank you for your questions and interest. Good luck in your careers PAUL CAROLAN