Presentation on theme: "Election Issues 2012: Research project and presentation Senior Seminar Andrew Baskin America’s Commitment of Troops Through NATO."— Presentation transcript:
Election Issues 2012: Research project and presentation Senior Seminar Andrew Baskin America’s Commitment of Troops Through NATO
1949North Atlantic Treaty Organization is formed by 12 countries, including U.S. 1952At Lisbon Conference, forces and plans are organized in preparation for Cold War 1955Warsaw Pact is signed by Soviet countries, effectively setting sides for cold war (NATO vs. Warsaw Pact) 1994After collapse of Soviet Union, NATO refocuses and launches Partnership for Peace Program, the role of which is to maintain peace 1994NATO acts militarily for the first time, bombing a Serbian military outpost during Bosnian War
2001Following attacks of 9/11, NATO assisted U.S. in the invasion of Afghanistan. 2003Iraq War begins, which creates division in NATO; many countries oppose U.S.’s invasion. 2010Membership increases to 28 countries. 2011U.S. and NATO lead military operations to protect civilians in Libyan conflict.
After 9/11 attacks, NATO re-shifted focus to terrorism NATO allies have been increasingly at odds “A dim, if not dismal future” Recent conflict and U.S. In involvement in Libya has produced backlash
ForAgainst Responsibility to protect civilians, aid in installation of democracy Installing democracy does not work (see, Iraq, Afghanistan) Prevent a possible humanitarian disaster Money is better off spent elsewhere Valuable source of energy (oil) NATO should use its power for diplomacy, not war Helping rebels could earn “significant brownie points” with conservative Muslims May be inadvertently helping groups such as Al Qaeda
Obama strong defender of U.S. involvement in Libya; majority of democrats are supportive as well Get rid of Gaddafi, protect civilians and democracy Doubts exist concerning Democratic support of similar military operations in the future Do not want to get involved in another round of “nation building”
In past have approved many similar operations – Afghanistan, Iraq Of strong belief that Obama misused power and authority to get involved in Libya Have stopped short of requesting withdrawal of troops Senator McCain most vocal Republican supporter – definitely in minority Obama violated Constitution
Supports military action in Libya, but strongly disproves of how Obama handled decision NATO is important for America’s safety Expand NATO to establish a “global military alliance dedicated to ensuring security and protecting freedom”
Gaddafi’s ouster cause for “cautious celebration” NATO has too much commanding power
Strongly opposed U.S. intervention in Libya (interestingly voted against troop surge in Iraq) Foreign policy goal is to win war on terror Obama is “ravaging our military strength and structure”
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