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© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter1 –William Bouffard –March 26, 2013 PUTTIN’ COLOGNE ON THE RICKSHAW A GUIDE TO DYSFUNCTIONAL MANAGEMENT
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter2 Puttin’ Cologne on the Rickshaw A Guide to Dysfunctional Management and the Evil Workplace Environments They Create Teaches what’s not taught in business school… “How the workplace really works”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter3 Have you ever felt like this?
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter4 Organizational Life Can Be Tough Organizations evolve into dysfunction because of: Basic Human Nature The Growth of Bureaucracy Office Politics The Games People Play Simply The Way Business is Conducted The higher you go on the org chart the more these factors intensify The modern workplace is basically a command and control hierarchy It’s been that way since the dawn of the industrial age The key is it doesn’t have to be this way
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter5 Do the Inmates Really Run the Asylum? Irving Goffman’s 1960s book, Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates, convinced me otherwise… “In total institutions there is a basic split between a large managed group, conveniently called inmates, and a small supervisory staff. Each grouping tends to conceive of the other in terms of narrow hostile stereotypes, staff often seeing inmates as bitter, secretive, and untrustworthy, while inmates often see staff as condescending, highhanded, and mean. Staff tends to feel superior and righteous; inmates tend, in some ways at least, to feel inferior, weak, blameworthy, and guilty. Social mobility between the two strata is grossly restricted” Just make a few word substitutions… “Worker” for “inmate” “Management” for “staff” …and you have the perfect description of the typical workplace
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter6 The Red Queen Effect In 1973, evolutionary biologist, Leigh Van Valen of the University of Chicago, devised what he called the “Red Queen Effect” from Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass It’s based on a Red Queen comment to Alice Basic underlying phenomenon at work in organizational dysfunctionality What does that mean to the workplace? To survive you have to actively play the games that we’ll learn about tonight “In this place it takes all the running you can do to keep in the same place”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter7 Farce Majeure–Organizational Evolution “the mix of intricate plotting and sheer silliness combining to blissful comic effect” The beginning of the evolution of organization structures can best be depicted with the typical start-up organizational structure All have equal standing and are focused on the business interest Teamwork is close to universal Communication functions virtually unhindered There’s minimal interpersonal gamesmanship
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter8 The Vertical Organizational Structure The intent of the published organizational chart is to depict the way the organization functions That’s not completely true It primarily reflects how blame is administered It identifies the responsibility chain for performance reviews While just a piece of paper it begets organizational dysfunction The real organization revolves around the “power” structure
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter9 An Organization at it’s Worst–The Kingdom The daily calling for the inhabitants of the kingdom organization is tied to the “throne-room agenda” Leadership is dictatorial Teamwork is nonexistent Communication is unilateral (only goes down the chain of command) Command and Control Management Micromanaging is the norm Everything becomes an 11 th hour crises Firefighting runs rampant
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter10 Kayfabe “The facts are unimportant. It’s what they are perceived to be that determines the course of events” R. Earl Hadady Everyone perceives their surroundings, themselves and others differently Just like in professional wrestling the wrestlers assume a false persona yet strive to give an appearance of legitimacy Also described as “The Rashomon Effect” derived from Rashomon, a 1950s Japanese crime mystery Everyone witnesses the same crime but tells a different story Also referred to as “The Tinkerbell Effect” There are things that exist only because people believe in them This phenomenon affects the workplace because perceptions become self-fulfilling prophecy
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter11 Animal Farm In Animal Farm, when the animals revolted and took over the farm, they developed seven commandments The most important of all was: “All animals are equal” Animal Farm perfectly describes the evolution of organizational politics and culture Pigs in charge Dogs serve as the police force All other animals were subordinate The farm started out altruistic but quickly disintegrated into chaos Ultimately the commandments were all reduced to a single phrase: “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter12 Images of Organization–Culture Defined In Images of Organization Gareth Morgan sets the cultural framework; “When we view organizations as cultures, we see them as mini-societies with their own distinctive values, rituals, ideologies, and beliefs. The fundamental nature of an organization rests as much in its corporate culture as in the more formal organization chart and codes of procedure.” Morgan looks at organizations through eight metaphors Psychic Prisons–one that has gotten trapped in its own thoughts and actions. It involves both conscious and unconscious processes of repression, ego, denial, coping and defense mechanisms, pain, pleasure, dysfunctionality, workaholism, and micromanagement Instruments of Domination–alienation, repression, imposing values, compliance, charisma, maintenance of power, force, exploitation, divide and rule, discrimination, and corporate interest
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter13 True Organizational Hierarchy Resembles the Animal Farm Structure Pigs, Dogs and Everyone else We also see this structure in Orwell’s 1949 novel 1984 Inner Party, Outer Party, and the Proles This is the true organizational hierarchy Management In Medieval times you had the humble beginnings of the three levels of today’s organizational hierarchy The Lords = top management The Barons = middle-management The peasants = everyone else
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter14 Man Bites Dog In the movie Man Bites Dog a film crew follows the escapades of a serial killer named Ben on his sadistic adventures The camera crew begins to get involved and even take an active part in the murders Offers an inside look at our culture and how we make heroes of people who don't deserve it The typical workplace sociopath is just like the Wizard of Oz They will show a different face to each person: To the organization as a whole, they are the giant head To the loyal sycophants they are like a beautiful woman To those being bullied they’re a horrible monster To all others who get in their way they are a ball of fire
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter15 Fee, Fi, Foe, Fum ~35% of Americans report personally being bullied Bullying comes in many different forms: Physical Verbal Emotional Cyber Micromanaging Workaholism Gaslighting It’s a distinct problem in many workplaces “The higher you go the more your problems are behavioral.” Marshal Goldsmith
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter16 Are You Being Bullied? Do you suffer any of these symptoms? You feel like throwing up the night before the start of your work week You can’t sleep because you’re worrying about what you’ll face at work the next day Your frustrated family wonders why you act so depressed all the time You try to deny the reality and rationalize your situation You have skyrocketing blood pressure You feel ashamed because you’re being controlled by another person and you don’t know how to stop it You can’t enjoy your time off, and days off are spent exhausted and lifeless; your desire to do anything is gone You begin to believe that you actually are inferior and have lost your self-respect You constantly feel agitated and anxious, and experience a sense of impending doom
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter17 Eddie Haskell A Sycophant - “one who approaches greatness on his belly so that he may not be commanded to turn and be kicked” -Ambrose Bierce Baldassare Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier, published in 1528, perfectly describes the sycophants that surround the top levels of management in modern organizations Courtier - A person who fawns and flatters in order to gain favor or advantage They exist because of “The Selfish Herd Theory” - Sociopaths surround themselves with these “expendables”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter18 The Oath of Fealty – The Fiefdom Syndrome During the Middle-Ages, feudalism (fiefdoms) was the law of the land, the basis by which the upper nobility class maintained control over the lower classes This method of governance was the foundation of the overall society and defined the culture at the time The promise of faithful service to the king was called the “oath of fealty” In business “The Fiefdom Syndrome” was first identified by Robert Herbold Types of organizational fiefdoms: Personal - organizational head, executive management Peer group - e.g., engineering Group or departmental Protected The reality is fiefdoms exist in all organizations
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter19 The Protected Fiefdom A protected fiefdom is probably the most sinister of all and the one that can have a profoundly negative impact on the overall organization This fiefdom operates as it wishes with full acknowledgment and blessing of the top management It forms due to Collective Narcissism A condition in which one group has an inflated image of itself They are typically validated by the Top Management Team They lead to “Second-Class Citizenship” for the rest of the organization
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter20 The Fiefdom Syndrome at it’s Worst When The Fiefdom Syndrome infects the entire organization we have what’s called “group fiefdom syndrome” The organization is splintered along departmental lines straight from the organization chart Each sycophantic middle manager “rules” his/her department The power structure and pecking order within a group fiefdom often mirrors the power structure of the overall organization The bottom line: Management sets the entire tone of the organization
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter21 Does your Organization Suffer the Fiefdom Syndrome? Senior management reviews and approves nearly all actions and decisions Management micromanages the day-to-day activities to minute detail Meetings are at epidemic frequency and are needed for even the most inconsequential action to be taken or problem to be solved People who do try to make changes or innovate are chastised or removed from the organization Each group executes on their own objectives with little teamwork or coordination between groups or thought of whether it supports the overall organizational goals Organization-wide goals (like mission or vision) that require coordination between groups suffers Alienation and suspicion exist between people and departments
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter22 Waiting for Rigor Mortis In his book, Games People Play, Dr. Eric Berne postulated that in everyday interactions, people will demonstrate one of two basic unconscious predilections, or life plans, that he calls “scripts: Constructive Destructive He calls the destructive script “Waiting for Rigor Mortis” It is the most prevalent in the workplace One who is destructively driven will play the more disagreeable games The Constructive script he called “Waiting for Santa Claus” One who is constructively driven will be pleasant to deal with I’ll bet that’s only a handful of people you work with?
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter23 Nattering Nabobs of Negativity “In the United States today, we have more than our share of the nattering nabobs of negativism” -Spiro T. Agnew The Games People Play Divide & Conquer Stump the Dummy Thrown under the Bus Gaslighting Blamestorming Plausible deniability Pyromania Withholding resources Selective Amnesia
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter24 Together Everyone Annoys Me “These are no more a team than people staying at the same hotel are a team” -Dwight Schrute, The Office Why is teamwork so tough to realize? In his book, The Five Dysfunctions of a Team, Patrick Lencioni details the reason that teamwork is such a difficult concept for many organizations: “There’s a natural absence of trust between workers” In his book The Power of Stupidity, Giancarlo Livraghi tells us: “Teamwork often fails due to the inability to meld the collective intelligence into one consciousness that can accomplish the team’s goal–this is because in a group environment stupidity takes over”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter25 Chicken Little Syndrome In his 2007 article, “Are You a Pyromaniac?” Michael Watkins explains: “These are the organizational pyromaniacs; leaders with impulse- control issues who start the fires that waste so much precious time and energy in their organizations” Nathan Bennett, a Georgia Tech management Professor, coined what he called “Munchausen at Work:” “A similar pathology in work when employees create fictitious organizational problems, only to solve them” Is your organization always in fire-fight mode? “Chicken Little” is a story for teaching courage–don’t be a chicken little–don’t be afraid, the sky is not falling No one wants to work for a “sky is falling” sort of boss
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter26 Zemblanity – The Fear of Surprise “Insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results” -Albert Einstein “The four most expensive words in the English language are: this time is different” -Sir John Templeton Zemblanity is “the inevitable discovery of what we would rather not know” aka a surprise “Stuff” happens and surprises get flung your way every day - our decisions and best-laid plans rarely work out the way we expect The real challenge for management is not being able to forecast problems; it’s learning how to react to them without panic Organizations expound about being proactive, but being reactionary is how you’ll spend most of your career
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter27 All Hat and No Cattle “If you had to identify in one word the reason why the human race has not achieved, and never will achieve, its full potential, that word would be ‘meetings’” -Dave Barry Most don’t have an agenda All suffer from P d = 1/2 n Is your organization mired down in useless meetings? Most meetings are held for basically the same reason that Arbor Day is observed, namely, tradition Most meetings are rodeos taken over by the organizational cowboys
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter28 What Me Worry? MAD editor Harvey Kurtzman described Neuman as “a face that didn't have a care in the world, except mischief.” Neuman's famous motto is “What, Me Worry?” “I don't have to worry about anything” That’s what plausible deniability is all about Relates back to The Selfish Herd Theory Also called “Blamestorming” Results in: People hiding mistakes Lack of Truth Culture of fear
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter29 Drinkin’ the Kool Aid In Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland… Alice asks, “Cheshire puss, would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here?” “That depends a good deal on where you want to get to,” said the cat. “I don’t much care where,” said Alice. “Then it doesn’t matter which way you go,” said the cat.” Is your Vision statement bought into by the entire organization? Are your Values really practiced? Do you suffer from “Leadership by Lamination?” Does management just TTT or do they WTW?
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter30 Lake Wobegon Todd: Rajiv, Jerry wants us to do employee evaluations Rajiv: Wonderful, sir. I’ll bring the tissues for the tears that will follow our reviews Todd:No one will be crying Rajiv:Well, not if you do it right Todd:You know, I think I’m just going to do it myself Rajiv:Just remember, sir, fear is the best motivator. Sometimes I think shame, but mostly fear Todd:If they ever build another death star, there’s a captain’s chair with your name on it Rajiv:Is that a management position?
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter31 Lake Wobegon Effect – The Performance Review Lake Wobegon is a fictional location where “all the women are strong, all the men are good looking, and all the children are above average” -The Prairie Home Companion, Garrison Keillor The Halo Effect–the propensity to want to forget everything negative about yourself The Reverse Halo Effect–individuals judged to have a single undesirable trait are subsequently judged to have many undesirable traits Other factors; Subjective Measurements Myth of Pay-for-Performance 20/70/10 policies
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter32 Jumpin’ on the Bandwagon It means to figuratively jump on whatever the latest fad may be, or to succumb to the herd mentality Is your organization plagued with Metrics collection or in following the latest management fads like Six-Sigma or Lean Manufacturing? Should an organization remain focused on doing things just like everybody else? Or, should it do something original, i.e., “do something remarkable.” Includes the Buzzwords: Think outside the box Low-hanging fruit Multi-tasking Accountability And don’t forget resume buzzwords (creative, effective problem solver, etc.)
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter33 Is Your Organization Dysfunctional? Leadership by Lamination Quality and Quantity are both job one Lessons Learned sessions…but they never change future events or actions People keep Pearl Harbor files Internal competition is encouraged and rewarded The word “teamwork” is batted around like a softball at a company picnic Fiefdoms and favoritism run rampant Blamestorming, Firefighting, 11 th hour crises Decisions are made at the highest levels Delegation without the power to do it The Goal, Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, Good to Great and Who Moved My Cheese are bantered about to create the illusion that they reflect the leadership’s abilities Resources are tightly controlled You’re told you’re lucky to have a job The overused threat of accountability No sense of humor Workaholism & micromanaging
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter34 Puttin’ Cologne on the Rickshaw Available @ Amazon and Barnes and Noble in paperback, Kindle and Nook versions $29.95 paperback $14.99 eBook
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter35 Puttin’ Cologne on the Rickshaw A Guide to Dysfunctional Management and the Evil Workplace Environments They Create Discount offer to attendees of this IEEE meeting… Purchase a copy of my book for the price of the eBook $14.99 and $4.00 shipping Deposit $18.99 at PayPal @ firstname.lastname@example.org Send me an email with name and mailing address Follow my blog at: www.puttincologneontherickshaw.comwww.puttincologneontherickshaw.com Twitter: colognerickshaw
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter36 Q&A “Workplace veteran Bouffard has such a light touch that some readers may think that this broadside against the everyday working milieu will be fueled solely by colorful, comical anecdotes. Actually, the author delivers a spirited, peppery attack, examining a wide variety of issues: the globalization of rudeness, the death of empathy, the eradication of humility, the drive to bond and to secure scarce goods, to master the world and protect against its threats, to defend self-esteem and protect against shame. Bouffard leisurely ambles through workplace environments to vividly provide evidence of its sociopathic dynamics. He provides plenty of footnotes and scientific studies and knows when to deploy the wisdom of Erving Goffman or Scott Adams, Moliere’s Harpagon or Ralph from The Lord of the Flies. The real strength of the book, however, is its communality—may of the ills are universal, and readers will continually nod along with the critique. Bouffard provides a fine synthesis of most of what is wrong with how we conduct our business lives: the feudalism of organizational structures, mob violence, communication as a game, vile acts of posturing, organizational amnesia, plausible deniability, the development of oligarchies, subjective perception, the elimination of irregulars, the performance-review process, etc. His book is an early distant warning, with tools of recognition to know the enemy. Ace preparation for the emotional abuse that comes in heaping helpings from today’s dysfunctional workplace.”
© Copyright 2011 PSES-SD Chapter1 –William Bouffard –July 8, 2013 PUTTIN’ COLOGNE ON THE RICKSHAW A GUIDE TO DYSFUNCTIONAL MANAGEMENT.
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