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Copyright 2005 - 2009: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police Technology Police Technology Chapter Seventeen Police Technology Major Incident.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright 2005 - 2009: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police Technology Police Technology Chapter Seventeen Police Technology Major Incident."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police Technology Police Technology Chapter Seventeen Police Technology Major Incident And Disaster Response

2 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Learning Objectives Be familiar with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and understand Incident Command System (ICS) Be familiar with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and understand Incident Command System (ICS) Understand how technology can enhance the different organizational missions, goals, and objectives at a major incident or disaster Understand how technology can enhance the different organizational missions, goals, and objectives at a major incident or disaster

3 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Understand the importance of an Incident Command Post (ICP) Understand the importance of an Incident Command Post (ICP) Understand the typical configuration of an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Understand the typical configuration of an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Explore some of the technologies used in the response to major incidents and disasters Explore some of the technologies used in the response to major incidents and disasters Learning Objectives

4 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Introduction A major incident is any incident where one police officer assumes the responsibility to direct the actions of two or more officers at the scene of an incident A major incident is any incident where one police officer assumes the responsibility to direct the actions of two or more officers at the scene of an incident A disaster is any unexpected occurrence that disrupts routine life in a community for more than twenty-four hours and causes life of life or property. A disaster is any unexpected occurrence that disrupts routine life in a community for more than twenty-four hours and causes life of life or property.

5 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Two types of disasters Natural A Geological event A Geological event (e.g., earthquake, landslide, sinkhole) Weather-related event (e.g., Hurricane, flood, fire) Weather-related event (e.g., Hurricane, flood, fire) Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services

6 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Two types of disasters Human caused Aircraft crash Chemical spill Traffic Collision (100- car pile-ups) Major crime incident (Hostage situations, North Hwy shootout) Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services

7 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Disasters The first step in returning to a state of normalcy is establishing leadership over the incident. Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services

8 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Command System Consider ICS an organizational technology! Consider ICS an organizational technology! Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services

9 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Command System An organizational model for command, control, and coordination of an agency’s response to an unusual occurrence. An organizational model for command, control, and coordination of an agency’s response to an unusual occurrence. Originally developed by firefighters to coordinate multiple agency response to an emergency Originally developed by firefighters to coordinate multiple agency response to an emergencyfirefighters Law enforcement do not have as many mutual aid experiences as the fire service Law enforcement do not have as many mutual aid experiences as the fire service Law enforcement Law enforcement

10 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) Requires state law enforcement to use SEMS so they will be eligible for state funding. Requires state law enforcement to use SEMS so they will be eligible for state funding.law enforcementlaw enforcement Encourages local agencies to use SEMS Encourages local agencies to use SEMS In 1994, FEMA adopted SEMS In 1994, FEMA adopted SEMS

11 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster National Incident Management System After 9/11, one of the major recommendations of the 9/11 Commission was the adoption of the National Incident Management System After 9/11, one of the major recommendations of the 9/11 Commission was the adoption of the National Incident Management System There was a clear difference between the responses in New York (no adoption of ICS) and Washington, DC (where ICS had been adopted. There was a clear difference between the responses in New York (no adoption of ICS) and Washington, DC (where ICS had been adopted. New Information

12 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster National Incident Management System NIMS is nearly identical to SEMS/ICS NIMS is nearly identical to SEMS/ICS NIMS is required for federal funding from the Department of Homeland Security NIMS is required for federal funding from the Department of Homeland Security The primary concept is Unified Command The primary concept is Unified Command Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services New Information

13 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Command System Incorporates 7 basic emergency management concepts Unified command Modular Organization Span of Control Common terminology Consolidated action plans Comprehensive resource Management Communication Interoperability

14 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster The modular organization of the ICS organizational structure has five primary components: Incident Commander Planning Section Operations Section Logistics Section Finance/ Admin. Section Incident Command System

15 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster The Incident Commander should be the most qualified person, not merely the highest-ranking individual. The first responder is generally the Incident Commander unless and until that responsibility is assumed by a more qualified person. Incident Command System

16 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Situation Estimate Location of incident Location of incident Perceived area involved Perceived area involved Type of incident Type of incident Special hazards Special hazards Types of resources needed Types of resources needed Ingress and egress routes Ingress and egress routes

17 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Command Post Is the field office from which the incident commander operates (temporary headquarters) Is the field office from which the incident commander operates (temporary headquarters) Must be close enough to the incident to manage it Must be close enough to the incident to manage it Far enough away to not become part of the problem Far enough away to not become part of the problem

18 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Commander Planning Section Operations Section Logistics Section Finance/ Admin. Section Operations Section Most First Responders Work with the Operations Section

19 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Is responsible for carrying out the action plans decided upon by the Incident Commander. Is responsible for carrying out the action plans decided upon by the Incident Commander. Action plans identify objectives and strategies (written or oral) Action plans identify objectives and strategies (written or oral) Operations can branch out (different functions, locations, teams of workers) Operations can branch out (different functions, locations, teams of workers) Operations Section

20 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Incident Command Post Technology The patrol vehicle is fast become a mobile office. Many police department have taken passenger police cars and outfitted them as mobile incident command posts. Photograph provided by 308 Systems

21 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Bigger ICPs Police cars - Trunk- mounted platforms work well for most incidents SUVs – larger, can carry more resources to the scene of an incident. Photographs provided by Troy Products, Inc

22 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Specialty Vehicle Can be a converted RV, bus, or tractor trailer rig.

23 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Emergency Operation Centers Can be thought of as a complex dispatch center used for the management and control of the disaster. Can be thought of as a complex dispatch center used for the management and control of the disaster. May be supplemented by multiple ICPs in the field. May be supplemented by multiple ICPs in the field.

24 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster EOC structure similar to ICS Director OperationsPlanningLogistics Admin.

25 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Job of the EOC... Coordinates all the activities within a jurisdiction on a wider scale. Relieves some of the admin burden from the Incident commanders. Directs resources E O C ICP1 ICP2 ICP3ICP4

26 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Technological Considerations for the First Responder Police officers duties as a major incident or disaster include: DO NOT become part of the problem! Perimeter control Incident security Traffic control Crowd control Assisting evacuation Preserving and collecting evidence Admin support to IC

27 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster What’s Not Included? Robots used for disarming explosive devices and searching dangerous areas Robots used for disarming explosive devices and searching dangerous areas Specialized protection equipment Specialized protection equipment Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services The most current terminology is Personal Protective Equipment or PPE.

28 Copyright : Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police Technology Explore Homeland Security at Homeland SecurityHomeland Securitywww.hitechcj.com/homelandsecurity


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