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1 IPAWS: The Integrated Public Alert and Warning System.

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1 1 IPAWS: The Integrated Public Alert and Warning System

2 2 History of Emergency Alerts  CONELRAD  EBS  EAS Limitations  In the past, all alerts came through radio and television transmission  Alerts were audio-only  Alerts were only in English  Daisy-chain limitations

3 3 What is the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS)?  IPAWS will take the existing Emergency Alert System (EAS) and add new ways to warn people of imminent threats  The public will receive alerts via – Cell phones- Radio – - Residential telephone – Television- others TBD  The mission is to ensure the President can communicate with State, Local, and Tribal governments and the public in times of war or national emergency  IPAWS capabilities will also be available to emergency managers

4 4 IPAWS Architecture  One message will reach the public through every available communication path –A message can originate at the Federal, State, or Local level –The message will go to the IPAWS aggregator—servers that will gather the messages and authenticate them, then –The message will go through multiple distribution paths to reach every available communications device  IPAWS is developing standards and protocols to increase interoperability among alert and warning systems

5 5 Message Disseminators Emergency Managers IPAWS compliant CAP Alert Origination Tools IPAWS Architecture State Emergency Alert System Cellular Broadcast Federal Local State / Local Unique Alerting Systems (e.g. ETN, Siren, Signage systems) Internet Services IPAWS NOAA Public IP access networks IP distribution networks Digital EAS PBS AM FM Satellite Radio; Digital Analog Cable Satellite TV Cellular Phones Web Browsers, widgets, web sites message aggregation, authentication, adaption Cellular Carriers Networks

6 6 Progress to Date  The first standard IPAWS has developed is called the Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) – Allows a single alert message to be routed over many systems – Can easily work with language translation software for non-English speakers, hearing impaired and other special audiences – IPAWS working to upgrade participating systems to be CAP compatible NOAA Cellular broadcast  For cell phone alerts, the interface is finished that allows a message to go from the IPAWS system to the cell phone users  Geo-Targeted Alerting System (GTAS) pilot projects

7 7 Geo-Targeted Alerting System (GTAS)  What Is GTAS  Why GTAS  How GTAS Works  GTAS Connectivity  GTAS Locations

8 8  GTAS is a joint pilot project between NOAA and FEMA providing Emergency Managers with a new software tool;  Integrates NOAA’s advanced weather information and warning infrastructure with FEMA IPAWS dissemination systems;  It’s a JAVA based system with a graphical user interface.  Provides targeted warnings to the public in event of toxic release via reverse 911 technology; What is GTAS?

9 9 Why GTAS?  Presidential Executive Order 13407, –Function 3 of “Public Alert and Warning System”; –“Ensure the capability to adapt the distribution and content of communications on the basis of geographic location, risks, or personal user preferences, as appropriate”; –Mitigates Current Gaps in Emergency Manager Support; –Modeling tools easy to use and understood by those that do not have meteorology and modeling/simulation training. GTAS strengthens the Nation’s ability to address disasters and ensure the Nation’s jurisdictions have adequate programs to effectively address all hazards and minimize loss of life and property;

10 10 How GTAS Works?  Provides targeted warnings to the public in event of toxic release via reverse 911 technology;  Integrates NOAA’s advanced weather information and warning infrastructure with FEMA IPAWS dissemination systems;  Operational in community EOC and Weather Field Office;  Interface to Commercial Mobile Alert System via CAP messages.

11 11 GTAS Provides Emergency Manager a Easy to Use Tool  GTAS provides information the emergency manager needs to quickly identify the public that is at risk;  Uses a simple graphical user interface for system managers;  Provides collaboration tools, so the EM can work with the experts at a WFO to clarify the information that is being presented; GTAS Server GTAS Clients GTAS Client EOC WFO Weather Observations Forecast Model Dispersion Model IPAWS

12 12 Where GTAS will be Piloted in 2009  Southern Region VI (Completed) –Weather Field Office, Ft Worth, TX –Dallas Emergency Operations Center (EOC);  Western Region X –Weather Field Office, Seattle, WA –Washington State EOC –City of Seattle EOC  Eastern Region II –Weather Field Office, New York City –New York State EOC –New York City EOC  Central Region VII –Weather Field Office, Pleasant Hill, MO –Kansas State EOC –Kansas City EOC Federated States of Micronesia American Samoa CNMI Hawaiian Islands

13 13 Conclusion  The completion of the IPAWS system is estimated for 2012  IPAWS is in regular contact with the FEMA Regional team. Please check there for updates.  News and other topics can be found on the IPAWS website:  GTAS Pilot Project in Washington

14 Andrew Hendrickson Tribal Liaison FEMA Region X


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