Presentation on theme: "EOC Review!!!!. Iodine is added to each tube. 1. What does amylase break down according to the results? 2. How does asparin affect the action of amylase?"— Presentation transcript:
Iodine is added to each tube. 1. What does amylase break down according to the results? 2. How does asparin affect the action of amylase? Tube A is black after iodine Tube B is clear amber color – dilute iodine Tube C is pale gray after ioding
Lipids!!! 3. The two molecules pictured above are sections of fatty acids. Are they saturated or unsaturated? Double bond
Saturated Fatty Acid 4. Why is the fatty acid shown above considered to be saturated?
Two human digestive enzymes 5. How much substance (product) was produced in the pepsin controlled reaction? 6. Which pH value were 60 mg of substance produced by pepsin? 7. Amylase?
Two human digestive enzymes 8. Name the enzyme that works best in acidic conditions. 9. What substance is produced when amylase acts on starch?
Scientists are developing a laundry detergent that contains an enzyme that breaks down lipids to remove fat stains from clothing. 10. Into which two substances will the new enzyme digest the fat molecule? 11. Why should this laundry detergent containing enzymes not be used at high temperatures?
Cells!!! 12. What is one difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? 13. What is another difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?
Membranes! 14. List at least two substances that may move freely through the membrane? 15. For what is a transport protein used? 16. What is the funtion of the glycoprotein (surface protein)? Glycoprotein
Movement of materials! 17. What process is shown above? 18. Describe what is happening in the diagram.
19.What molecule moves? 20. In which direction will the substance move?
Photosynthesis! 21. At what time of day was the rate of photosynthesis the highest? 22. When would the most carbon dioxide levels be released into the air? 23. When would the most oxygen be released into the air?
The Central Dogma! 24. What is the structure at the left called? 25. List the four bases found in DNA. 26. Which of the above is not found in RNA? 27. Which base is found only in RNA? 28. Which base binds to Cytosine? 29. In RNA, which base binds with Adenine?
Day One Final Jeopardy!!!! Given the DNA coding sequence: T A C - C A T – G A G What is the mRNA sequence? What is the corresponding amino acid sequence?
Central Dogma continued! 30. DNA is found only in the nucleus, yet the instructions it contains are needed by the ribosomes. How does the DNA message get to the ribosome? What is the name of the process and what is the messenger called?
Central Dogma continued! 31. A short section of mRNA is called a ___? 32. What molecule carries amino acids to the ribosome s during protein synthesis?
Mutations 33. Which is more harmful the insertion or substitution? 34. Why?
Pedigree 34. How many generations are listed? 35. In generation I, which parent is a carrier? 36. Which individual in generation II marries some one who is homozygous dominant? 37. In which generation is the first case of sickle cell anemia found? 38. Can two carriers produce a person with sickle cell disease? I II III IV
Pedigree 39. Can a normal homozygous individual produce a child with sickle cell disease? 40. In generation III, individuals 8 and 9 have four children, two of whom have sickle cell. What is the probability of their offspring having sickle cell? 41. Is this probability the same as the actual ratio of affected children? If not, explain why there is a difference. I II III IV 8 and 9
Evolution 41. What is a fossil? 42. In what type of rock are fossils found? 43. Why is the fossil record incomplete?
Evolution 44. Homologous structure 45. Analogous structure 46. Convergent evolution A. Body part inherited from a common ancestor. B. Body part with a similar function not inherited from a common ancestor. C. Organisms living with the same pressures of natural selection
47. What would Lamarck predict? Two very muscular people who were once very thin marry and have a child.
53. Does transpiration add or remove water from the air surrounding a plant? 54. Why is ground water important to humans? 55. How might human activities influence runoff from precipitation and affect the bodies of water in which is empties?
57. List two primary consumers. 58. List one secondary consumer. 59. List one producer. 60. If all the owls were killed, what would happen to the numbers of voles?
57. Using the relationships pictured above, construct one food chain with four members. 58. DDT is a pesticide that is not broken down or excreted by animals. It is stored in the fatty tissue of the animal. Which organism would have the greatest level of DDT in their system if it were used to control insects in this ecosystem?
59. Draw one pyramid with four members for 1 point. 60. Draw another with four members for another point. 61. Draw one more for one more point!
Food Energy Pyramid 61. Which part of this pyramid contains the most biomass? tertiary, secondary, primary consumers or producers? 62. Why does the amount of biomass (stored energy) appear to decrease higher on the pyramid?
63. What process is indicated by X? photosynthesis or cellular respiration? 64. What process is indicated by Y? photosynthesis or cellular respiration? 65. How do coal and oil, fuels derived from fossils end up as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?
66. If process is decomposition how does it affect the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere? 67. Carbon dioxide results from the burning of fossil fuels and from decomposition once living organisms. Which environmental problem is caused by elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the Earth?