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What are we going to learn? What does evaluate mean? Evaluate means __________. CFU Students, you already know how to evaluate simple expressions. Now, we will evaluate numerical expressions that include grouping symbols. Make Connection 1 find the value Vocabulary We will evaluate 1 numerical expressions involving rational numbers. Students will be able to group symbols dictating the order of applying calculations and how the absence or different placement of these symbols can lead to different results given the same numbers and operations. Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols. Learning Objectives Activate Prior Knowledge 1. 4 12 + 38 2. 10 × 6 + 8 Evaluate from left to right. 60+ 8 68 48+ 38 86 9.7.14 Common Core Standard 7.NS.1 & 7.NS.2 Prerequisite Skills Apply and extend previous understandings of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of integers (AND other rational numbers); Students will reinforce skills learned in 6 th grade.

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3 + (42 – 16) To evaluate the numerical expression above, which operation would be calculated first? How do you know? A 3 + 42 B 42 – 16 In your own words, what do grouping symbols mean in a numerical expression? “Grouping symbols mean _______.” CFU Concept Development 10 6 + 8 Without Grouping Symbols 10 (6 + 8) With Grouping Symbols Evaluating Numerical Expressions A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. ( ) parentheses Grouping Symbols 60 + 8 10 14 68140 What is the correct order of operations? 1. ___________ 2.____________ 3._____________ 4.____________

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A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. Skill Development/Guided Practice 1. (28 + 36) 42. 28 + (36 4) Calculate the operation in the grouping symbols. (Evaluate) Continue to evaluate to get a final value. Evaluate numerical expressions. 1 2 How did I/you know which operation to calculate first? CFU 1 3. (28 + 32) (48 – 18)4. (72 9) (63 – 13) When there are two separate grouping symbols, either one can be evaluated first. 64 4 16 28+ 9 37 6030 × 1800 850 × 400

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Skill Development/Guided Practice (continued) A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. Calculate the operation in the grouping symbols. (Evaluate) Continue to evaluate to get a final value. Evaluate numerical expressions. 1 2 How did I/you know which operation to calculate first? CFU 1 5.Sunny got $40 from her parents and $60 from her grandparents for her birthday. Sunny saved half of the money. The following are expressions that represents the amount of money that Sunny saved in her piggy bank. How much money did Sunny save in her piggy bank? Evaluate both expressions. 6. Christian bought 3 bags of marbles and Eric bought 5 bags. Each bag has 10 marbles. The following are expressions that represents the number of marbles Christian and Eric bought altogether. How many marbles did Christian and Eric buy altogether? Evaluate both expressions. 10 × (3 + 5) and (10 × 3) + (10 × 5) 1212 × (40 + 60)and ( × 40) + ( × 60) 1212 1212 × 1212 50 2030 + 50 10 × 8 80 3050 + 80 100 $50 80 marbles

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Evaluating numerical expressions will help you when purchasing items. Evaluating numerical expressions will help you do well on tests. 1 Does anyone else have another reason why it is relevant to evaluate numerical expressions? (Pair-Share) Why is it relevant to evaluate numerical expressions? You may give one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why? CFU 2 Sample Test Question: 18. Select the numerical expressions that have a value of 52 when evaluated. Choose Yes or No for A and B. A (10 + 3) 4O Yes O No B 10 + (3 4)O Yes O No A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. Relevance Sam’s Electronics is having a special on their Blaze music players. What is the total price for 3 music players? (50 3) – 20 The total price is $130.

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What did you learn today about evaluating numerical expressions? (Pair-Share) Use words from the word bank. A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. Skill Closure Access Common Core Summary Closure Word Bank evaluate calculate first parentheses 1. (27 – 13) 52. (34 + 15) (62 – 55) Place grouping symbols in the numerical expression so that 10 + 25 is calculated first. Then evaluate. How would the value of the expression change if grouping symbols were placed around 25 5 instead? 10 + 25 5 Calculate the operation in the grouping symbols. (Evaluate) Continue to evaluate to get a final value. Evaluate numerical expressions. 1 2 14 × 5 70 497 ÷ 7 ( ) 35 5 7 The value of the expression would change because we would have to calculate 25 5 first. The answer would be 15.

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A numerical expression is made up of numbers connected by operations (+, –, , ). The operation in the grouping symbols is calculated first. Independent Practice 1. (56 + 28) 72. (56 7) + (28 7) Calculate the operation in the grouping symbols. (Evaluate) Continue to evaluate to get a final value. Evaluate numerical expressions. 1 2 3. 9 (50 + 7)4. (9 60) – (9 3) 5.Each bottle of water has about 17 fluid ounces (fl oz). Mrs. Garcia brought 12 bottles and Mr. Robison brought 10 bottles for the 5 th grade students volunteering to clean up the local park. The following is an expression to represent the number of fluid ounces of water. What is the total amount of water in fluid ounces? 6.Half of the bottles were given to young kids playing in the park. The following is an expression to represent the number of bottles given to the young kids. How many bottles were given to the young kids? 17 × (12 + 10) 1212 × (12 + 10) 84 7 12 84 + 9 × 57 513 54027 - 513 17 × 22 374 × 1212 22 11 374 fluid ounces of water 11 water bottles

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Periodic Review 1 Access Common Core 1. (13 + 20) × 4 2. (30 7) – (54 6) 1. Decide if the value of the expression is less than, equal to, or greater than 52. Write a check mark in the correct column. 2. Decide if the value of the expression is less than, equal to, or greater than 27. Write a check mark in the correct column. Less than 52Equal to 52Greater than 52 A (10 + 3) 4 B 10 + (3 4) C (40 + 12) 4 D 39 + 6 + 7 Less than 27Equal to 27Greater than 27 A 54 (6 3) B (12 7) – (34 + 23) C (54 6) 3 D (9 3) + 15 3. (14 ½) + (24 ½) 33 × 4 132 210 – 9 201 7 + 12 19

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( ) Periodic Review 2 Access Common Core 1. (14 + 36) (77 – 17) 2. 40 ( 58 – 23) Place ( ) in the numerical expression to get the value. 1. 32 + 15 4 = 1882. 56 8 – 4 = 143. 32 + 15 4 = 92 4. 20 – 10 10 + 7 = 1705. 56 8 – 4 = 36. 5 10 + 5 7 = 85 3. (32 ¼) + (40 ¼) 50 × 60 3000 40 × 35 1400 8 + 10 18

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×( + ) = 42 ×( – ) = 42 ( × ) + ( × ) = 42 7 7 77 ×( + ) = 32 ×( – ) = 32 ( × ) + ( × ) = 32 4 4 44 Periodic Review 3 Access Common Core 1. (72 6) + (86 – 59) 1. Fill in the blanks to create numerical expressions that have a value of 32 when evaluated. 2. Fill in the blanks to create numerical expressions that have a value of 42 when evaluated. 2. (200 ) + (50 ) 1212 1212 3. 250 1212 12 + 27 39 100 + 25 125 26 102 53 33 4 51 Use INTEGERS. You may use the same one more than once if needed.

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DataWORKS Educational Research (800) 495-1550 ©2011 All rights reserved. Comments? 1 st Grade Number Sense.

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