Presentation on theme: "MLA Style: In-Text Citation and Works Cited Page."— Presentation transcript:
MLA Style: In-Text Citation and Works Cited Page
Documentation and MLA Two Types of Documentation in MLA Style: In-Text Citations Works Cited
Basics of In-Text Citation Author’s name, including first name the first time name mentioned Note page number in parentheses—without pg. or p—at end of citation; final punctuation comes after final parenthesis – If using block quotation, final punctuation comes before the information in parentheses If including author’s name in text of your essay is awkward, put only the last name in the parentheses before the page number: – (Lowe 79).
Additional Aspects of In-Text Citation Last name of author is enough for reader to reference in Work Cited Page number makes it easy to find quotation If authors have same last name, include first name If in parentheses, initial: – (J. Mayers 79). If more than one work by same author, provide an abbreviation of the title If in parentheses, put comma after last name and before title and use abbreviation of title: – (Mayers, “A Bad Man” 79).
Additional Aspects of In-Text Citation Web sources usually don’t have page numbers, so just give author’s name – MLA prefers author’s name in text instead of in parentheses – If no author, mention title in text Poems: if quote all or part of 2 or 3 lines of poetry, put in quotation marks and separate lines using a slash / with a space on each side. In parentheses put line numbers (7-9).
Additional Aspects of In-Text Citation Work quoted in another source, put “qtd. in” before the information about the indirect source: – (qtd. in Bauman 9). Mention direct source of quotation in signal phrase If two or more sources support a single point, separate them with a semicolon: – (Jones 8; Smith 7).
Basics of Works Cited Page On a separate page at the end of your essay, include the Works Cited page Header: last name and page number. Page number should follow the last page number of body of your paper Center and in regular type/font: Works Cited Double space throughout No extra spaces between title and entries or between entries! No numbers for entries!
More Basics of Works Cited Use “hanging indentation” – First line of citation is flush left – Indent all subsequent lines for that citation one-half inch Alphabetize by author’s last name or, if no author, by title – “The” and “A” don’t count If you cite more than one source by same author, the individual works are alphabetized by title; author’s full name is given only for the first citation in the Works Cited, after which it is replaced by three hyphens: Morris, Amy. “Filibuster Proof.” ---. “The Senate, that August Body.” The rest of the citation is as it would have been for that source
More Basics of Works Cited Page Only include sources cited in your text Don’t leave out any sources cited in your text! Include primary and secondary sources If any information called for is unavailable for a particular source, skip that element and keep the rest of the entry as close as possible to the given format
Sears 18 Works Cited Abrams, Mark. “Poetic History.” History Journal 11.2 (2007): 489- 97. Print. Collier, Judith, and Francine Prose. Nomadic Subjects: The Bedouin Experience. Ed. Leslie Knox. Austin: U of Texas P, 2009. Print. Glass, Meredith. “Enter the Abject.” PMLA 12.3 (2008): 245-49. Academic Search Premier. Web. 1 Nov. 2009. ---. “Reviewing the Horrors of Power.” The Kristeva Project. Kristeva Project, 21 Mar. 1999. Web. 30 Oct. 2009. The Move. Dir. Oliver Parker. Perf. Robert Eady, Sandra Maxton, and Irène Jacob. Castle Rock, 1995. DVD. Pratt, Mary Louise. “Arts of the Contact Zone.” Ways of Reading: An Anthology for Writers. Ed. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petroksy. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford / St. Martin’s, 2008. 499- 512. Print. “Thou Shalt Not Be Aware.” Notes on Pedagogy. N.p., 2006. Web. 28 Oct. 2009.
Citing a Book (skip any material not available) 1.Name of the author(s) (or editor, if no author is listed), last name first, followed by period 2.Full Title, italicized, followed by period; if subtitle, put colon between title and subtitle 3.Name(s) of the editor(s) if the book has both an author and an editor, following the abbreviation, Ed., followed by period 4.Name(s) of translator or compiler, following abbreviation Trans. or Comp. as appropriate, followed by period 5.The edition, if other than the first—3 rd ed.—followed by period 6.Volume(s) used, if the book is part of a multivolume set—Vol. 8.—followed by period 7.City of publication (followed by a colon), name of the publisher (comma), and year, followed by period 8.Medium of publication: Print, followed by period 9.Name of any series to which the book belongs, followed by period
More on Citing Books If you have a book with multiple authors or editors, list all names, but only the first name is given last name first and rest in normal order; put comma after first author’s name If there are four or more authors or editors, give only first full name listed on title page, followed by a comma and et al. (“and others”) A book with a corporate author—group, government agency, or organization listed as its author—treat as single author: National Society of Photographic Educators
Citing a Work in an Anthology 1.Name of the author(s) of the article/literary work, followed by period 2.Title of the shorter work, enclosed in quotation marks (unless longer work—full play—italics), followed by period 3.Title of the anthology in italics followed by a period 4.Ed. and Names(s) of editors of collection or anthology, followed by period 5.Relevant publication information as in book citation, followed by period 6.Inclusive page numbers for shorter work, followed by period 7.Medium of Publication: Print, followed by period
Citing Articles in Periodicals 1.Name(s) of the author(s) of the article/short text, last name first followed by period 2.Title of the article/short text in quotations, followed by period: – “Theatre of the Obtuse.” 3.Title of the periodical italicized 4.All relevant publication information (see next slide) 5.Medium of publication: Print, followed by a period
Different Types of Periodicals For a scholarly journal—volume number and issue number (sometimes only issue); year of publication in parentheses, followed by a colon, and the page numbers of the shorter work, followed by period: – PMLA 121.6 (2006): 1526-35. Print. For a magazine—month(s) of publication for monthly/bimonthly magazine OR date (day, abbreviated month, then year) for weekly/biweekly, followed by a colon, and page numbers, followed by period: – New Yorker 5 Nov. 2005: 65-73. Print. For a newspaper article—date (day, abbreviated month, year), edition if listed on the masthead, followed by colon and page numbers (including section number or letter, if applicable), followed by period: – New York Times 24 Mar. 2007, late ed.: A1+. Print.
Citing Library Databases 1.Print publication information—author’s name, title, publication information 2.Name of the database (italicized)—like Academic Search Premier, followed by period 3.Medium of publication—Web, followed by period 4.Date you accessed site (day, month abbreviated, and year), followed by period: – 30 Oct. 2010.
Citing the Internet: World Wide Web 1.Name of the author(s), last name first, followed by a period 2.Title of the section of the work accessed in quotation marks, followed by a period; if not titled, identify by label like Home page or Introduction, but not in quotation marks 3.Title of the full document or site italicized (if different than title of the work accessed), followed by a period 4.Publisher’s or sponsor’s name, followed by a comma; if neither available, use N.p. 5.Date of publication by day, month, and year if available, followed by a period; if date isn’t available, use n.d. 6.The medium of publication—Web, followed by a period 7.Date you accessed site (day, month abbreviated, and year), followed by a period – 30 Oct. 2010.
Citing Publication on Web with Print Publication Data 1.Name of author, followed by period 2.Print Publication Information (same format as usual) 3.Name of the Web site in italics, followed by period 4.Medium of publication—Web, followed by period 5.Date you accessed the site (day, month, year), followed by period
Article in Scholarly Journal Published Only on Web 1.Name of author, followed by period 2.Title of article, followed by period 3.Name of journal in italics 4.Volume and issue number (or just issue number) 5.Year of publication in parentheses, followed by colon 6.Page numbers or n. pag., followed by period 7.Medium of publication—Web, followed by period 8.Date you accessed the site (day, month abbreviated, year), followed by period
Article in Newspaper on Web 1.Name of author, followed by period 2.Title of article, followed by a period 3.Name of newspaper in italics, followed by period 4.Publisher’s name (New York Times) or N.p., followed by comma 5.Date of publication (day, month abbreviated, year), followed by period 6.Medium of publication—Web, followed by period 7.Date you accessed the site (day, month abbreviated, year), followed by period
Article in Magazine on Web 1.Name of author, followed by period 2.Title of article, followed by period 3.Name of magazine in italics, followed by period 4.Publisher’s name or N.p., followed by comma 5.Date of publication (day, month abbreviated, year), followed by period 6.Medium of publication—Web, followed by period 7.Date you accessed the site, followed by period
Personal Communication or Lecture Personal Communication: 1.Name of the person who gave you the information, followed by period 2.Type of communication (interview, letter, email), followed by period 3.Date of communication, followed by period Lecture, Public Talk, or Debate: 1.Name of lecturer/speaker, followed by period 2.Name of lecture or lecture series, followed by comma 3.Place, followed by comma 4.Date (day, month abbreviated, year), followed by period 5.Medium (lecture, debate, commencement address)
Multimedia Sources If Film or DVD: 1.Title in italics, followed by period 2.Director’s name beginning with Dir., followed by period 3.Optional—performers’ names, starting with Perf., followed by period 4.Distributor (Universal, Paramount), followed by comma 5.Year, followed by a period 6.Medium (Film or DVD), followed by period If TV or Radio Program: 1.Title of episode or segment in quotation marks, followed by period 2.Title of the program and series, if any, in italics, followed by period 3.Performers, narrators, directors or others who might be pertinent, followed by period 4.Name of network or call numbers and city for local station, followed by period 5.Broadcast date, followed by period 6.Medium (either Television or Radio), followed by period
Informational Notes Use a small superscript number in text to signal a note, which will be on a separate page at end of essay before Works Cited page Be sure to include any sources mentioned in end notes in Works Cited page: End Notes 1 Several psychologists attribute paraphasia to schizophrenia (Roberts 72; Bond 89-91; Crowley 655-56).