Presentation on theme: "Remember “DIDLS” Five aspects of writing style: D iction I magery D etail L anguage (figurative) S entence structure (syntax) = TONE."— Presentation transcript:
Remember “DIDLS” Five aspects of writing style: D iction I magery D etail L anguage (figurative) S entence structure (syntax) = TONE
The Upcoming Gatsby Essay This is one of the prompts: Compose a well organized essay in which you analyze how the language Nick uses to describe his first impressions of the Buchanan’s home and lifestyle reveals his opinion of them and what they represent. Include an analysis of stylistic elements: e.g. tone, diction, imagery, and/or syntax in your response
Syntax: the “S” in DIDLS Syntax is the order and relationship of words in a sentence. Syntax is sentence structure.
Our Objective To look at the syntax of 3 passages from Great Gatsby. The passages are in your student pages. You will choose 1 for the assessment. We will look at repetition of words, parallelism, dashes, semicolons and parenthesis in the passage. These are all syntax choices the author makes.
Repetition The repeating of a word or phrase to create rhythm and emphasis
An example of Fitzgerald using repetition: “The other girl, Daisy, made an attempt to rise—she leaned slightly toward with a conscientious expression—then she laughed an absurd, charming little laugh and I laughed too and came forward into the room. What does the repetition of the word “laugh” show us about the situation?
More Fitzgerald Repetition: “Her face was sad and lovely with bright things in it, bright eyes and a bright passionate mouth—but there was an excitement in her voice that men who had cared for her found difficult to forget.” This quote describes Daisy. What does it make us think of her?
Can you find another quotation in the passages where Fitzgerald uses repetition?
Create Your Own! Write two sentences of your own that contain repetition. First one should be about someone you love. Second: A place you like to go to be with friends.
Parallelism Parallelism is the repeating of phrases or sentences that are similar (parallel) in meaning and structure. Emphasizes that these ideas have the same level of importance.
Example of Fitzgerald’s use of parallelism: “Every Friday five crates of oranges and lemons arrived from a fruiterer in New York—every Monday these same oranges and lemons left the back door in a pyramid of pulpless halves.” What does the parallel structure emphasize about the parties?
Another example of parallelism in Gatsby: “A whispered ‘listen,” a promise that she had done gay, exciting things just a while since and that there were gay, exciting things hovering in the next hour.” What does the parallel structure of this quote accomplish?
You Try! Use parallel structure to create one sentence. about a party you went to:
The dash -- The dash is a sentence interrupter Used to indicate a sudden break or change in the sentence.
For example “At any rate Miss Baker’s lips fluttered, she nodded at me almost imperceptively and then quickly tipped her head back again– the object she was balancing had obviously tottered a little and given her something of a fright.” What does the dash do in the sentence?
Fitzgerald loves dashes Find two more sentences in the passages that make use of the dash
You Do It! Create two sentence that use the dash. The first is about a memorable event in your life. The second is about one of your pet peeves.
Semicolon ; Used to connect different but related sentences: Chris went to the park; he tumbled down the slide.
From the end of prompt 2 “The interior was unprosperous and bare; the only car visible was the dust-covered wreck of a Ford which crouched in a dim corner.” Think of the semicolon as the centerpoint of a teeter-totter that holds both sides of the sentence in balance. What two ideas are being related or balanced?
Practice ! Write a sentence of your own using a semicolon -about your learning experience in public school
(Parentheses) Used to surround explanations or extra information Interrupts the normal sentence structure Think of this as a whispered side comment to the reader in the middle of the writing – often witty!
Fitzgerald uses parentheses in passage #1 “She hinted in a murmur that the surname of the balancing girl was Baker. (I've heard it said that Daisy's murmur was only to make people lean toward her; an irrelevant criticism that made it no less charming.)” What is the effect of the parenthesis?
For next time… More on dashes Semicolons Colons Parenthesis
Comma lists A longer sentence in which a lot of information is given to the reader, using commas to emphasize how much of something there is.
Fitzgerald uses comma lists: “The groups [at the party] change more swiftly, swell with new arrivals, dissolve and form in the same breath…” What effect does the structure of this sentence have in describing Gatsby’s party?
Another Example Occasionally, a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak and comes to rest, and immediately the ash
Can you find another sentence where Fitzgerald uses comma listing?