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Polyatomic ions are… Groups of atoms that stay together and have an overall charge, and one name Usually end in –ate or -ite Acetate: C 2 H 3 O 2 1- Nitrate:

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Presentation on theme: "Polyatomic ions are… Groups of atoms that stay together and have an overall charge, and one name Usually end in –ate or -ite Acetate: C 2 H 3 O 2 1- Nitrate:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Polyatomic ions are… Groups of atoms that stay together and have an overall charge, and one name Usually end in –ate or -ite Acetate: C 2 H 3 O 2 1- Nitrate: NO 3 1- Nitrite: NO 2 1- Permanganate: MnO 4 1- Hydroxide: OH 1- and Cyanide: CN 1-

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3 Sulfate: SO 4 2- Sulfite: SO 3 2- Carbonate: CO 3 2- Chromate: CrO 4 2- Dichromate: Cr 2 O 7 2- Phosphate: PO 4 3- Phosphite: PO 3 3- Ammonium: NH 4 1+ If the polyatomic ion begins with H, then combine the word hydrogen with the other polyatomic ion present: H 1+ + CO 3 2- → HCO 3 1- hydrogen + carbonate → hydrogen carbonate ion (One of the few positive polyatomic ions)

4 Section 9.2 Naming and Writing Formulas for Ionic Compounds

5 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Aluminum sulfide (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Al 3+ S Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Use the criss-cross method to balance the subscripts. Not balanced! 23 Now balanced. = Al 2 S 3

6 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Iron (III) chloride (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Fe 3+ Cl - 2. Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Use the criss-cross method to balance the subscripts. Not balanced! 3 Now balanced. = FeCl 3

7 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Aluminum phosphide (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Al 3+ P Check to see if charges are balanced They ARE balanced! = AlP Simplify if you cross and drop the charges!

8 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Barium nitrate (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Ba 2+ NO Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Use the criss-cross method to balance subscripts. Not balanced! ( ) 2 Now balanced. = Ba(NO 3 ) 2

9 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Ammonium sulfate (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! NH 4 + SO Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Use the criss-cross method to balance the subscripts. Not balanced! ( ) 2 Now balanced. = (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4

10 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Magnesium carbonate (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Mg 2+ CO Check to see if charges are balanced. They are balanced! = MgCO 3

11 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Zinc hydroxide (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Zn 2+ OH - 2. Check to see if charges are balanced. 3. Balance charges, if necessary, using subscripts. Use parentheses if you need more than one of a polyatomic ion. Use the criss-cross method to balance the subscripts. Not balanced! ( ) 2 Now balanced. = Zn(OH) 2

12 Writing Ionic Compound Formulas Example: Aluminum phosphate (note the 2 word name) 1. Write the formulas for the cation and anion, including CHARGES! Al 3+ PO Check to see if charges are balanced. They ARE balanced! = AlPO 4


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