Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byAusten Allan Modified over 2 years ago

1
specular reflectorquasi-specular reflector quasi-Lambert reflector Lambert reflector Limiting Forms of Reflection and Scatter from a Surface

2
Bragg Diffraction (Scattering)

3
Pulsed Radar

4
Doppler Radar From Josh Wurman NCAR S-POL DOPPLER RADAR

5
Doppler Shift: A frequency shift that occurs in electromagnetic waves due to the motion of scatterers toward or away from the observer. Doppler radar: A radar that can determine the frequency shift through measurement of the phase change that occurs in electromagnetic waves during a series of pulses. Analogy: The Doppler shift for sound waves is the frequency shift that occurs as race cars approach and then recede from a stationary observer

6
The electric field of a transmitted wave The returned electric field at some later time back at the radar The time it took to travel Substituting: The received frequency can be determined by taking the time derivative if the quantity in parentheses and dividing by 2

7
Sign conventions The Doppler frequency is negative (lower frequency, red shift) for objects receding from the radar The Doppler frequency is positive (higher frequency, blue shift) for objects approaching the radar These “color” shift conventions are typically also used on radar displays of Doppler velocity Blue: Toward radar Red: Receding from radar

8
Note that Doppler radars are only sensitive to the radial motion of objects Air motion is a three dimensional vector: A Doppler radar can only measure one of these three components – the motion along the beam toward or away from the radar

9
Clear-Air Radar

10
VHF UHF 10 cm

11
Clear-Air Turbulence

12
Clear-Air Wind Profilers

13
Wind Profiler Specifications Frequency (MHz) Wavelength (m) Maximum Altitude (km) Antenna Size (m) TargetBand Designation 50620100 x 100Clear AirVHF 4490.751515 x 15Clear Air and Heavy Precipitation UHF 915~0.35-65 x 5Clear Air and Precipitation UHF 1036~0.35.5-65 x 5Clear Air and Precipitation UHF

14
915 MHz 50 MHz

16
Radial Velocity Positive Toward Surface

17
Signal Power

18
NWS-NOAA Profiler Network

19
Beam Geometry

20
Unambiguous Range

21
Coherent Integration

Similar presentations

OK

The Doppler Shift Brought to you by McCourty-Rideout enterprises- tuned into your frequency.

The Doppler Shift Brought to you by McCourty-Rideout enterprises- tuned into your frequency.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on rolling friction Ppt on conference call etiquette rules Ppt on formation of day and night Ppt on area of parallelogram and triangles class 9 Food and nutrition for kids ppt on batteries Ppt on air water and land pollution Ppt on causes of 1857 revolt ppt Download ppt on women empowerment Ppt on different solid figures games Ppt on our environment