3 Confucius and Society During Zhou Dynasty Confucius, a man, felt that China was full of rude, dishonest peopleHe wanted people to return to having good ethicsMany states engaged in wars with eachother.
4 Confucius's rules for Families Fathers should be role models for familyChildren should respect and obey their parentsFamilies should be loyal to one another
5 Confucius’ Rules for Government Do not have strict lawsHave leaders be good role models for morals and behaviorKing should inspire good behavior- not scare people into good behavior
6 Confucius ProverbsA man who has committed a mistake and doesn't correct it is committing another mistake.Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.
7 Confucius Teachings Confucius traveled all over teaching his ideas His teachings were put into a book called The AnalectsConfucianism is meant to guide behavior
8 Daoism/Taoism Started by a man named Lao Tsu who lived about 600 BC Is a philosophy (way of thinking) but sometimes viewed as a religionLao Tsu believed that people needed to go with the flow (wu-wei) let nature take its course
9 Yin and YangBelieved everything in the universe had a life force- a yin and yang-oppositesYin-dark side- is women, moon, things that are still & deathYang-light side-is men, sun, things that move & birthMust keep the yin and the yang balanced
10 Beliefs… Wrong for people to fight Wrong for government to make rules and lawsAgainst any kind of rules, diets, etc.Had theories regarding the body, diet, breathing and physical exercises, uses of herbs, philosophical inquiry (self-reflection) and meditation.The Taoist feels these ideas bring a human being into closer alignment with the “natural order” of life and living
11 3 Jewels to be sought….Compassion- awareness of another person’s pain and wanting to relieve itModeration- avoid extremesHumility- modest, don’t brag
13 Legalism BeliefsBelieved that people were bad and needed to be controlledReligion wasn’t involvedBelieved society needed strict lawsPeople should be responsible for other people’s actions. (Ex: neighbors and relatives should also be punished)Scare people into obeying laws
14 Legalism There are 3 parts to Legalism ~fa (law) ~shi (legitimacy) ~shu (arts of the ruler)
15 Fa (law) Laws were written and made public The laws ran the state the rulers did notLaws were enforced by strict rewards and punishments
16 Shi (legitimacy) Keeping order was the first priority Anyone could rule as long as laws were in place
17 Shu-arts of the ruler Rulers should not be kind Being kind leads to failureThey need to be strict otherwise people get disrespectful and lazy
18 Quiz PrepWhat are the beliefs and principles of each of the three philosophies?Using each of the three philosophies separately, how would China have been ruled?Which practice in China showed the influence of Confucianism?If you were a laborer, what would Confucius say that you should do?
19 Quiz PrepIn a chart titled “Yin and Yang”, pleasure would be paired with _____?What was the Legalist view of human nature?Hanfeizi wrote that rulers should emphasize __ and __?What did Hanfeizi say that rulers must do to avoid being overthrown?
20 Identify the basic beliefs and principles you’ve learned about each philosophy. Then provide an example showing how each philosophy influenced the way ancient China was ruled:Confucianism:Daoism:Legalism:
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