Presentation on theme: "By Ameen B. $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Killer Terms Killer Terms 2 The Difference Political Institutions Political Institutions 2."— Presentation transcript:
By Ameen B.
$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Killer Terms Killer Terms 2 The Difference Political Institutions Political Institutions 2
T Killer Terms
T More Killer Terms
T The Difference
T Political Institutions
T More Political Institutions
$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Killer Terms Killer Terms 2 The Difference Political Institutions More Political Institutions
T Political Efficacy
T Political efficacy indicates a citizens' faith and trust in government and their own belief that they can understand and influence political affairs.
T Rational-legal Authority
T Rational legal authority is based neither on tradition nor on the force of a single personality, but rather on a system of well- established laws and procedures
T Centripetal and Centrifugal Forces
T Centripetal: Forces that bind the people of the state; giving it strength Centrifugal: oppose centripetal forces; they destabilize
T Linkage institutions
T Groups that connect government to its citizens, such as political parties, interest groups, and print and electronic media
T Democratic Deficit
T A democratic deficit occurs when ostensibly democratic organizations or institutions in fact fall short of fulfilling what are believed to be the principles of democracy
T Iron Triangle
T Mutually beneficial relationships between private interests, bureaucrats, and legislators Sometimes called an “integrated elite”
T A political theory or system of power sharing among a number of political parties
T A government-owned corporation to compensate for the lack of private economic development or to ensure complete and equitable service to the whole country (can be anything from a national airline or railroad to a postal system or manufacturing and marketing operations
T Post Materialist Values
T Beliefs in the importance of policy goals beyond one’s immediate self- interest, as well as one’s prosperity and security Examples: Environmentalism and cultural diversity
T Quasi-private foundations and religious endowments that are charged with aiding the poor by managing many state-owned enterprises
T Difference: Correlation and Causation
T Correlation: An apparent association between variables Causation: A correlation in which a change in one variable results in a change in others
T Difference: Code Law and Common Law
T Code Law no tradition of judicial review or consistent application of the law. letter of the law is what matters. great in theory. no interpretation of judge—follow the code (the law) Most developing countries have this system Common Law one application determines the next application of the law Precedence
T Difference: Coup d'état and Revolution
T Coup d'état: A forceful replacement of a regime or a government by a small elite group or groups Revolution: A process by which a political regime is overthrown and replaced because of a broad popular support and participation in the process
T Difference: Coinciding and Cross-Cutting Cleavages
T Factors that separate groups within a society May be cultural, historic, geographic, economic, ethnic, racial, etc. The wider and deeper the cleavages, the less unified the society Cleavages which coincide with one another can reinforce each other: Religion and Ethnicity Cleavages that are cross-cutting weaken divisions between groups: Race and Labor
T Difference: Consensual & Conflictual Political Culture
T Consensual: accepts both the legitimacy of the regime and the solutions to major problems Conflictual: sharply divided, often on both legitimacy of the regime and the solutions to the major problems.
T Which of the AP6 have strong patterns of patron- clientelism in their political cultures
T Russia, China, Mexico, Nigeria
T Which of the AP6 directly elect both a president and representatives to a legislative body?
T Russia, Nigeria, Iran, and Mexico
T Which of the AP6 combines a plurality (first-past-the-post) electoral system with proportional representation?
T Mexico (Russia stopped in 2007)
T Which of the following countries bases its legal and justice system on common law? UK, Russia, and China
T Which of the following countries formally divides its executive into two positions: the head of government and the head of state? UK, Russia, and China
T Which of the AP6 have a president?
T Russia, Mexico, China, Nigeria, Iran
T Which of the AP6 have a federalist political system?
T Russia, Mexico, Nigeria
T Which of the AP6 use a plurality system only for electing representatives to the national legislature?
T UK, Iran, Nigeria
T The legitimacy of the most recent national elections has been seriously challenged in which of the AP6?
T Mexico, Iran, and Nigeria
T Which of the AP6 have bicameral legislatures?
T Mexico, Russia, Nigeria, UK
T Daily Double!
T Which of the following countries has a history of corporatism? UK Russia China Mexico
T United Kingdom & Mexico
T Final Jeopardy
T Name the current Presidents and Prime Ministers of all of the AP6. Answers must include title.
T Mexico: Felipe Calderón (President) UK: David Cameron (PM) Nigeria: Goodluck Jonathan (President) Russia: Vladimir Putin (PM) & Dmitry Medvedev (Pr) China: Hu Jintao (President) Iran: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (President)