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The Nature of Power, Politics, and Government Why should YOU care about power, politics, and Government?

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Presentation on theme: "The Nature of Power, Politics, and Government Why should YOU care about power, politics, and Government?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Nature of Power, Politics, and Government Why should YOU care about power, politics, and Government?

3 Preview Question: / On a sheet of paper, rank the following values in order of importance (#1 is most important and so forth) to you. Then write a brief summary at the end that explains your justification for where you placed the values. / Values to rank: / FreedomIndividual Rights / SecurityCommon Good / Rights of citizens / Responsibilities of citizens / On a sheet of paper, rank the following values in order of importance (#1 is most important and so forth) to you. Then write a brief summary at the end that explains your justification for where you placed the values. / Values to rank: / FreedomIndividual Rights / SecurityCommon Good / Rights of citizens / Responsibilities of citizens

4 What is POWER / The ability to cause others to behave as they might not otherwise choose to do.

5 5 Sources of Power / Expertise- Power comes from the power holder’s specific skills or expertise / Coercion- power comes from the power holder’s ability to punish or penalize others / Expertise- Power comes from the power holder’s specific skills or expertise / Coercion- power comes from the power holder’s ability to punish or penalize others

6 5 Source of Power / Rewards- power comes from the ability to give something of value, such as money, responsibility, or praise / Persuasion- power flows from the ability to persuade or influence others / Rewards- power comes from the ability to give something of value, such as money, responsibility, or praise / Persuasion- power flows from the ability to persuade or influence others

7 5 Sources of Power / Formal Authority– power comes from the position and duties within organization

8 Foundations of Government: Legitimacy / Willingness of those being led to follow those doing the leading. / What gives a Ruler Legitimacy? / Ex: China – rulers ruled through the Mandate of heaven / Europe: Divine right of kings / Willingness of those being led to follow those doing the leading. / What gives a Ruler Legitimacy? / Ex: China – rulers ruled through the Mandate of heaven / Europe: Divine right of kings

9 Foundations of Government: Legitimacy / Eventually, started to see a challenge through the Social-Contract Theory: legitimacy comes from an unwritten contract between ruler and the ruled

10 Responsibilities of Government / Government’s responsibility is to maintain public order, protect life and property, and provide public goods

11 How can the Government achieve these responsibilities? / Coercion- refers to how a government uses its power to force citizens to behave certain ways / Courts, police, prison system / Also includes involuntary service such as the draft, jury duty / Coercion- refers to how a government uses its power to force citizens to behave certain ways / Courts, police, prison system / Also includes involuntary service such as the draft, jury duty

12 How can the Government achieve these responsibilities? / Revenue-how governments collect money to provide security and pay for public goods / Includes tributes (payments from smaller states) / Most commonly done through taxes / Revenue-how governments collect money to provide security and pay for public goods / Includes tributes (payments from smaller states) / Most commonly done through taxes

13 Importance of Politics / Politics: When people work to influence the decisions made by groups; often times it involves collective action (multiple groups working together), and is competitive / This system is important for giving governments’ legitimacy, and achieving the responsibilities of government / Politics: When people work to influence the decisions made by groups; often times it involves collective action (multiple groups working together), and is competitive / This system is important for giving governments’ legitimacy, and achieving the responsibilities of government

14 Reflection: / Reflect on the following questions by writing a one paragraph response in which you address BOTH questions: / Look back at your original ranking of the values (beginning activity). Do you still support your original rankings? Why or why not? / What are the challenges that modern governments face? / Reflect on the following questions by writing a one paragraph response in which you address BOTH questions: / Look back at your original ranking of the values (beginning activity). Do you still support your original rankings? Why or why not? / What are the challenges that modern governments face?


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