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J. C. Fernand.  Western philosophy grounded in the 18 th century. It held reason above all other abstracts or concepts of legitimacy.  This was not.

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Presentation on theme: "J. C. Fernand.  Western philosophy grounded in the 18 th century. It held reason above all other abstracts or concepts of legitimacy.  This was not."— Presentation transcript:

1 J. C. Fernand

2  Western philosophy grounded in the 18 th century. It held reason above all other abstracts or concepts of legitimacy.  This was not a singular school of thought, but rather a vast collection of rationality-based philosophies.  Took hold in Europe, the American Colonies, Russia, Scandinavia, parts of Latin America, and still some more.  Scholars refer to the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars as the endpoint(s) of the Age of Reason.

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4  The great earthquake struck the Kingdom of Portugal on Saturday  Anywhere between 10,000 to 100, 000 people may have fallen because of it.  Besides that, the event severely disturbed the Kingdom’s colonial ambitions and strengthened pre- existing political tensions.  Modern geologists believe it may have reached close to a magnitude 9 on the moment magnitude scale.  The Lisbon Earthquake is the deadliest in recorded history.

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6  Started 1793 June 27– Ended 1794 July 27  Extremely violent duration that lasted one year and a month after the start of the French Revolution; based on political rivalry between Girondins and the Jacobins.  The Guillotine, otherwise known as “National Razor”.  16,000 to 40, 000 dead  Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Antoine Lavoisier, etc.  Execution of several Reign of Terror leaders, including Robespierre, officially ended The Terror.

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8  The Bastion de Saint-Antoine was originally built as a gate during the Hundred Years war and became a prison after the conflict was done.  The first king to send prisoners there was Louis XIII.  Rumors began to spread amongst the common people that a fair deal of arms and gunpowder were being stored there; they demanded to see this.  The storming of the Bastille, which occurred on July , was one of the key events leading directly to the French Revolution.  July 14 th is now celebrated annually as Fête Nationale or ‘ Bastille Day’.

9 “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it.” Born 1694 November 21 - Died 1778 May 30 (84yrs) Real name: Francois-Marie Arouet

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11 “In order to know virtue, we must first acquaint ourselves with vice.” Born 1740 June 2 – Died 1814 December 2 (74 yrs) Real Name: Donatien Alphonse François de Sade

12 Les 120 journées de Sodome or l'école du libertinage

13 “Only a man who has felt ultimate despair is capable of feeling ultimate bliss.” Born 1802 July 24 – Died 1870 December 5 (68yrs) Real Name: Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie

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15 “Nothing else in the world... not all the armies... is so powerful as an idea whose time has come.” Born 1802 February 26 – 1885 May 22 (83 yrs) Real name: Victor-Marie Hugo

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17 "Wildly my Mind beats against you, but my soul obeys." Born 1868 May 6 – Died 1927 April 15 (58 yrs) Real Name: Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux

18 Le Fantôme de l'Opéra

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21  The 120 Days of Sodom and Other Writings [Paperback] Marquis De Sade (Author), Richard Seaver Richard Seaver (Translator) (Translator), Austryn Wainhouse (Translator), Simone de Beauvoir (Introduction), Pierre Klossowski (Introduction) Marquis De SadeRichard SeaverAustryn WainhouseSimone de BeauvoirPierre Klossowski  Candide (Barnes & Noble Classics Series) by Voltaire, Gita May (Illustrator), Alan Odle (Illustrator), Henry Morley (Translator), Lauren Walsh (Translator)VoltaireGita MayAlan OdleHenry MorleyLauren Walsh  Count of Monte Cristo (abridged) (Barnes & Noble Classics Series) by Alexandre Dumas, Luc Sante (Introduction)Alexandre DumasLuc Sante  Phantom of the Opera (Barnes & Noble Classics Series) by Gaston Leroux, Rachel Perkins (Illustrator), Isabel Roche (Introduction)Gaston LerouxRachel PerkinsIsabel Roche  The Man Who Laughs by Victor HugoVictor Hugo  revolution.html&usg=__iEPuHrZccbmX8DtHG0pZ-qd2Mkc=&h=795&w=600&sz=72&hl=en&start=17&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=Dc1L0u- zJJOMPM:&tbnh=143&tbnw=108&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dguillotine%2Bfrench%2Brevolution%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE- SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1   tuCKcyI1ECUt435M=&h=795&w=597&sz=236&hl=en&start=2&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=F9YbO6RsOQuQiM:&tbnh=143&tbnw=107&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcandide%26um%3D1% 26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1  video.de/co/quills.m.jpg&imgrefurl=http://community.livejournal.com/steamfashion/ html&usg=__gTwz5AMIONpj6sHbLEc3FmtEQdo=&h=944&w=1200&sz=115&hl=en&start =2&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=Wv- kxP1jXZNfyM:&tbnh=118&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dmarquis%2Bde%2Bsade%2Bquills%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE- SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1  grefurl=http://blog.raucousroyals.com/2010/07/bastille-falls-120-days-of-sodom.html&usg=__F- SeQDdVSmZ9d_lh0E9G37SV6AY=&h=207&w=280&sz=15&hl=en&start=3&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=YIber4w6iXO6YM:&tbnh=84&tbnw=114&prev=/images%3Fq%3D120%2Bdays %2Bof%2Bsodom%2Bscroll%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26ndsp%3D21%26tbs%3Disch:1  pLYg8OC9pvDy8aQBaIsQg=&h=533&w=440&sz=111&hl=en&start=1&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=TyF2v_ccSdyGXM:&tbnh=132&tbnw=109&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bman%2B who%2Blaughs%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1  390.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.fanpop.com/spots/the-phantom-of-the-opera/images/ /title/erik-does-not-apporve-sequel-fanart&usg=__i6w-- FArrWYZjri6FKJ9yezoqH0=&h=390&w=260&sz=26&hl=en&start=47&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=2XagCdvg9M9XUM:&tbnh=123&tbnw=82&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dphantom%2Bof% 2Bthe%2Bopera%2Berik%26start%3D42%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26ndsp%3D21%26tbs%3Disch:1  ephoto.com/photo/2002_the_count_of_monte_cristo_004.html&usg=__XC1i9y4UabvtZ_bfioT4Fa9sanY=&h=600&w=900&sz=168&hl=en&start=10&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=MjegKD DOVQL20M:&tbnh=97&tbnw=146&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcount%2Bof%2Bmonte%2Bcristo%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE- SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1  The_Phantom_of_the_Opera html%3Fpid%3D0&usg=__lqiZTDIuLZmoA6bwIH5EaNxIyOE=&h=504&w=315&sz=46&hl=en&start=2&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=5p- JCVlZ_9DIHM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=81&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dphantom%2Bof%2Bthe%2Bopera%2Bbook%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE- SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1   image3.etsy.com/il_fullxfull jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.etsy.com/view_listing.php%3Flisting_id%3D &usg=__KAF_7jRXDgydi_Z3tGayskUgHeo=&h=767&w=767&sz=7 7&hl=en&start=15&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=mz6pfXgK6Zqi0M:&tbnh=142&tbnw=142&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dphantom%2Bof%2Bthe%2Bopera%2Bmonster%26um%3D1%26hl%3 Den%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:*:IE-SearchBox%26rlz%3D1I7GWYE_en%26tbs%3Disch:1


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