Presentation on theme: "J. C. Fernand. Western philosophy grounded in the 18 th century. It held reason above all other abstracts or concepts of legitimacy. This was not."— Presentation transcript:
Western philosophy grounded in the 18 th century. It held reason above all other abstracts or concepts of legitimacy. This was not a singular school of thought, but rather a vast collection of rationality-based philosophies. Took hold in Europe, the American Colonies, Russia, Scandinavia, parts of Latin America, and still some more. Scholars refer to the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars as the endpoint(s) of the Age of Reason.
The great earthquake struck the Kingdom of Portugal on Saturday 1 1755. Anywhere between 10,000 to 100, 000 people may have fallen because of it. Besides that, the event severely disturbed the Kingdom’s colonial ambitions and strengthened pre- existing political tensions. Modern geologists believe it may have reached close to a magnitude 9 on the moment magnitude scale. The Lisbon Earthquake is the deadliest in recorded history.
Started 1793 June 27– Ended 1794 July 27 Extremely violent duration that lasted one year and a month after the start of the French Revolution; based on political rivalry between Girondins and the Jacobins. The Guillotine, otherwise known as “National Razor”. 16,000 to 40, 000 dead Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Antoine Lavoisier, etc. Execution of several Reign of Terror leaders, including Robespierre, officially ended The Terror.
The Bastion de Saint-Antoine was originally built as a gate during the Hundred Years war and became a prison after the conflict was done. The first king to send prisoners there was Louis XIII. Rumors began to spread amongst the common people that a fair deal of arms and gunpowder were being stored there; they demanded to see this. The storming of the Bastille, which occurred on July 14 1789, was one of the key events leading directly to the French Revolution. July 14 th is now celebrated annually as Fête Nationale or ‘ Bastille Day’.
“I do not agree with what you have to say, but I'll defend to the death your right to say it.” Born 1694 November 21 - Died 1778 May 30 (84yrs) Real name: Francois-Marie Arouet