Presentation on theme: "Identity, Legitimacy and Accountability: Enhancing Domains CIVICUS-Hauser Center Workshop May, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Identity, Legitimacy and Accountability: Enhancing Domains CIVICUS-Hauser Center Workshop May, 2007
Enhancing Domain Legitimacy and Accountability Strengthening legitimacy Defining bases of legitimacy Managing legitimacy with key stakeholders Using legitimacy for domain development Constructing domain accountability Choosing accountability models Constructing accountability systems Using accountability for domain learning
Bases for Domain Legitimacy Legal: Complies with existing laws Political: Represents constituency Associational: Support by legitimate actors Normative: Fits core norms and values Pragmatic: Gives value to stakeholders Cognitive: Fits expectations and “the way things are.”
Enhancing legitimacy Conforms to external values, expectations Ex: Explicitly obeys report and audit requirements Informs publics about fit to expectations Ex: Disseminate annual reports and evaluations Manipulates symbols and myths to justify domain activities Ex: Celebrities on Board; Adopts “right” structures. Constructs frames to legitimate domain Ex: Define new role and expectations to fit mission
Domain Accountability Models Representative: implement member mandate Ex: Mt Apo Campaign to protect indigenous lands Principal-agent: fulfill sector contract with donor Ex: Child sponsorship NGOs and donor support Mutual: carry out cross-sector compact to achieve shared goals Ex: Mumbai Housing Partnership relations between community-based organizations and NGOs.
Accountability Management Mechanisms Transparency: disclosure, reporting systems Ex: Guidestar online reporting systems Participation: consulting systems, negotiations Ex: Global Reporting Initiative multi-stakeholder assessment process Evaluation: codes and assessment systems Ex: Pakistan code; Credibility Alliance Complaint and redress: domain certification, ombudsmen, complaint systems Ex: Child Sponsor accreditation; Australian NGOs
Constructing Domain Accountability Systems Define domain priorities: Issues for joint action Negotiate expectations with stakeholders Within domain stakeholders: Who’s in or out? Outside stakeholders: What expectations feasible? Create domain organizations that can act on collective priorities Articulate standards, indicators, reporting Enable performance consequences: complaints and redress systems
International Advocacy NGOs: Accountability Charter IANGO Accountability Charter Environment Labor Ind. People Women Rights Development Human Rights Social Watch CIVI- CUS GRIHC UN Agencies Transnational Corporations International Donors Transnational CSOs IGOs
Using Domain Accountability Systems Clarify domain identity to domain members and outside stakeholders Build shared priorities and values for coordinating member joint initiatives Create domain social capital for future collective action Build base for wider understanding and legitimacy of domain and its members
Constructing Accountability for Philippine NGOs? How will PCNC deal with issues raised by the tax reform initiative? How can CSOs use these issues to enhance civil society legitimacy? Will PCNC fucntion as a sector accountability system? How can PCNC advance capacity- building and strategic learning as well as legitimacy?
Constructing Legitimacy and Accountability in Your Domain What are desirable changes in domain legitimacy and accountability? What management strategies will increase legitimacy? What accountability system will improve participation, transparency, evaluation, and redress? How can that system enhance capacity and strategic learning as well as legitimacy?