Presentation on theme: "THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10 Section 3 Birth of the Republican Party Why were new political parties emerging in the mid-1800’s?"— Presentation transcript:
THE UNION IN PERIL: CAUSES OF THE CIVIL WAR CHAPTER 10 Section 3 Birth of the Republican Party Why were new political parties emerging in the mid-1800’s?
Why were new political parties emerging in the mid-1800’s?
Election of 1852 The Whig Party nominates Mexican war hero Winfield Scott. Scott opposes the Fugitive Slave Act. This infuriates Southern Whigs. Whig Party splits over slavery. Democratic candidate Franklin Pierce becomes President in 1852. See http://uselectionatlas.org/USPRESIDENT
NEW POLITICAL PARTIES Know-Nothing Party (Nativism): formed in 1849, favors native-born people over immigrants, anti-Catholic, and originally a secret-society. Free-Soil Party (Anti-slavery): formed in 1848 to oppose extension of slavery into the territories. Republican Party : Founded in 1854 to oppose Kansas-Nebraska Act and keep slavery out of territories. Absorbed parts of the Whigs, Free- soilers, and Know-nothing parties.
" Look here, you, everybody else is quiet and peaceable, and you''re all the time a-kicking up a row!"
Whigs Democrats S. WhigsN. Whigs Democrats 1852 Franklin Pierce 1848 Free Soil Party Republican Party 1856 James Buchanan Know-Nothings
Election of 1856 Search for “Kansas-less” candidates Republicans (new party) pick John C. Fremont PLATFORM: No further extension of slavery Democrats pick James Buchanan of Pennsylvania (had been out of the country during 54) PLATFORM: Popular sovereignty in territories American/Nativists pick ex-Pres. Fillmore took votes from Fremont in some key states. PLATFORM: anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant RESULT: Buchanan wins, Democrats are split N & S See http://uselectionatlas.org/USPRESIDENT/