How Philosophy developed into the structure and function of U.S. Government
U.S. government’s relationship to states and to its citizens
Which of the following individuals influenced Thomas Jefferson’s writing of the Declaration of Independence? A.Thomas Hobbes B.John Locke C.Alexander Hamilton D.John C. Calhoun
Which of the following groups refused to ratify the U.S. Constitution without a Bill of Rights? A.Federalist B.Republicans C.Know-Nothings D.Anti-Federalists
Which of the following accurately defines the term of office in Congress? A.Senators serve four years and Representatives serve 6 years. B.Representatives serve four years and Senators serve two years. C.Senators serve 4 years and Representatives serve 2 years. D.Representatives serve 2 years and Senators serve 6 years.
Which of the following explains that government must protect people’s rights? A.Social Contract B.Nullification C.Domino Theory D.Common Sense
Which of the following is a right protected in both the 5 th and 14 th Amendments? A.Privacy B.Speech C.Due Process D.Jury trial in civil cases of $20 or more
Which of the following is a way the Legislative branch can place a check on federal officials? A.Veto B.Impeachment C.Judicial Review D.Executive Order
Marbury v. Madison established which of the following? A.Separate but Equal B.Reproductive Rights C.Veto Powers of the President D.Judicial Review
Which of the following is the Vice President’s main role in the Senate? A.Breaks a tie vote B.Sets the Legislative Agenda C.Appoints members to committees D.Places bills on the Senate calendar
A.Separation of Powers B.Federalism C.Checks & Balances D.Nullification Presidential Veto Congress Override Supreme Court rules Unconstitutional
A.Judicial review B.Due process of law C.Popular sovereignty D.Separation of powers No person shall be held to answer to a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia… -From the Fifth Amendment -to the U.S. Constitution
Which of the following is a mandatory civic activity? A.Voting B.Jury duty C.Join a political party D.Write a representative
Which government body acts as the jury in an impeachment trial in the United States? A.The Senate B.The Cabinet C.The Supreme Court D.The House of Representatives
Which of the following advises the President on specialized areas? A.Muckrakers B.Congressmen C.Ambassadors D.Cabinet Members
Which of the following is a power that both the state and national government share? A.Issue professional license B.Coin money C.Create courts D.Declare war
Based on the U.S. Constitution, which development would cause a state to gain representation in the House of Representatives? A.The election of a governor B.The election of a president C.The growth of a state’s population D.The creation of a new state political party
The U.S. Constitution gives state governments the authority to be involved in all of the following areas, EXCEPT? A.Tax collection B.Public education C.Treaty negotiation D.Highway construction
What is the main purpose of the national conventions that the Republican and Democratic parties hold every four years? A.To organize state primaries B.To develop legislative strategies C.To caucus about foreign-policy issues D.To nominate presidential candidates
What is the primary function of leaders within the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government? A.To introduce bills proposed by the president B.To advance the goals of their political parties C.To carry out federal laws passed by both houses of Congress D.To confirm the constitutionality of bills with the Supreme Court
Which principle of U.S. government is illustrated in the previous diagram? A.federalism B.republicanism C.Popular sovereignty D.Checks and balances
What is the purpose of the 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution? A.To limit the federal government’s powers B.To expand the court’s authority to review federal laws C.To guarantee citizen’s voting rights D.To establish checks and balances between executive and legislative branches
Which of the following would result if the population increased in the U.S.? A.The number of members in the House of Representatives for each state would change. B.The number of members in the Senate for each state would change. C.The number of federal judges would change. D.The term of office of the President would decrease in number of years.
Which idea from Social Contract Theory is expressed within the U.S. Declaration of Independence? A.Congress must consist of two legislative houses. B.Political term limits are necessary for all elected officials. C.Government authority comes from the consent of the governed. D.Individual citizens must be protected by a federal bill of rights.
Which concept relates to the Seneca Falls conference? A.Temperance. B.Women’s Rights. C.Containment. D.NATO.
Commander -in-chief Chief Executive Chief Agenda Setter Representative of Nation Chief of State Foreign Policy Leader? Party Leader
What role is the President of the U.S. serving when he enforces the laws? A.Commander in Chief B.Party Leader C.Chief of State D.Chief Executive
What role is the President playing when he makes a treaty with another country? A.Commander in Chief B.Party Leader C.Foreign Policy Leader D.Chief Executive
A.Cold War tensions B.Sectionalism C.Religious Tensions in the colonies D.Containment ? Rhode Island Half-Way Covenant Salem Witch Trials
A.Religious tensions B.Native American conflict C.Tensions between colonies and Great Britain before the Revolution D.Conscription ? Boycott new taxes Committees of Correspondence Sons of Liberty
A.The British Parliament had passed a series of taxes on its North American colonies. B.Native Americans had attacked British colonial outposts within the Northwest Territory C.British naval vessels had seized colonial ships and forced citizens into the British navy. D.Armed slave rebellions had begun throughout Europe. The Sons of Liberty The Daughters of Liberty The committees of correspondence Which issue caused British colonists to form the organizations in the list?
A.The U.S. Constitution B.The Mayflower Compact C.The Articles of Confederation D.The U.S. Declaration of Independence And reason…teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions. -John Locke, -Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1689 Which document was influenced by the above ideas and language?
The term Manifest Destiny directly relates to which recurring theme in U.S. history during the 1800s? A.abolition B.federalism C.Social reform D.Territorial expansion
What was the importance of the Monroe Doctrine of 1823? A.It reinforced tensions between proslavery and antislavery factions. B.It authorized the creation of a permanent professional military. C.It established the U.S. policy of preventing other nations from interfering in Latin America. D.It proclaimed Eastward expansion.
In which of the following was there a blockade or interruption in U.S. trade across the Atlantic? A.War of 1812 B.Spanish-American war C.Mexican-American war D.Vietnam war
Popular Sovereignty was used to determine the westward expansion of slavery in which of the following? A.Missouri compromise and Nullification Crisis B.Dred Scott Decision and Fugitive Slave Act C.Wilmot Proviso and John Brown’s raid D.Compromise of 1850 and Kansas-Nebraska Act
President John Adams became involved with which U.S. foreign-policy issue in the late 1790s? A.Purchasing the Louisiana Territory B.Avoiding full-scale war with France C.Strengthening the Monroe Doctrine D.Arranging for the annexation of Texas
Which principle of the U.S. government did the Nullification Crisis of 1832 directly challenge? A.federalism B.Judicial review C.Popular sovereignty D.Checks and balances
Which term best describes the period during which white male suffrage greatly expanded in the United States? A.Manifest Destiny B.The Enlightenment C.The Great Awakening D. Jacksonian Democracy
Which convinced the people in the colonies that the time had come to move toward independence from Great Britain? A.The Federalist B.Spirit of the Laws C.Declaration of Independence D.Common Sense
Which was a result of the French & Indian War? A.Colonies were declared independent B.Colonists were taxes C.France became a dominant power in North America D.Bacon’s Rebellion
Which concept refers to how the French & Indian war laid the foundation for the American Revolution? A.Debt B.Nullification C.Isolationism D.Domino Theory
How did the French help the U.S. during the American Revolution? A.Lend-Lease Act to supply armored tanks and machine guns B.French army and navy helped capture Lord Cornwallis C.Diplomatic Recognition only D.Helped only in financial ways
Which accurately explains how Mercantilism and the colonies? A.Great Britain sent raw materials to the colonies and the colonies manufactured finished products B.Colonies were created because of mercantilism C.Colonies were required to trade mostly with the French D.Mercantilism equated to Communism
Which accurately explains the impact of Interchangeable Parts? A.The need for slaves diminished in the Southern U.S. B.It resulted in the mass production of Ford Automobiles C.It resulted in the rapid rise of Industrial growth in the North before the Civil War D.It guaranteed U.S. involvement in WWI
Which of the following cause the rise of Jim Crow laws in the South? A.Brown v. Board of Education B.Roe v. Wade C.Sanford v. Scott D.Plessy v. Ferguson
A.The U.S. Constitution B.The Mayflower Compact C.The Articles of Confederation D.The Monroe Doctrine Our first and fundamental maxim should be, never to entangle ourselves in the broils of Europe. Our second, never to suffer Europe to intermeddle with cross-Atlantic affairs. America, North and South, has a set of interests distinct from those of Europe…Our endeavor should surely be, to make our hemisphere that of freedom. Thomas Jefferson, -Letter to James Monroe Oct. 24, 1823
Which of the following was an 19 th century reform movement that led to Prohibition in the 20 th Century? A.Women’s suffrage B.Temperance C.Abolition D.Civil Rights
The route in Transatlantic trade that brought slaves to North America in the 17 th century was called A.Suffrage. B.Temperance. C.Middle Passage. D.Manifest Destiny
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and the Homestead Act of 1862 have which of the following in common? A.Both encouraged slavery. B.Both were women’s reform movements. C.Both were passed under the Articles of Confederation. D.Both hurt Native Americans
Which of the following increased the need for slaves in the south? A.15 th Amendment. B.Cotton Gin. C.Prohibition. D.Nullification Crisis of 1832
Which of the following determined how the expansion of slavery was dealt with? A.Missouri Compromise. B.Wilmot Proviso. C.Prohibition. D.Nullification Crisis of 1832.
Radical Republicans and President Abraham Lincoln would have agreed on which of the following? A.Leniency in accepting Southern states back into the Union. B.Land grants to former slaves. C.Freeing the slaves. D.Allowing former confederate officers to hold public office.
Which of the following explains the goal of the Emancipation Proclamation? A.Outlawed slavery in the border states. B.Mandated African American soldiers fight in the Confederate army. C.Caused the Nullification Crisis. D.Extended abolishing slavery as part of the Northern war effort.
A.Revolution B.Red Scare C.Westward Migration D.Federalism ? Communist infiltration of U.S. government/ military Bolshevik Revolution Labor Strikes in industries
Why was Samuel Gompers an important figure in the history of U.S. Labor movement? A.He served as the first leader of the American Federation of Labor. B.He wrote New Deal legislation protecting the rights of workers. C.He published articles condemning the use of strikes by labor unions. D.He led the opposition to legal restrictions on immigrant workers.
How did the effort to build the hydrogen bomb in the 1950s affect U.S.- Soviet relations? A.It united scientists from both nations. B.It increased the nations’ fears of one another. C.It led both nations to join the same treaty alliance. D.It caused direct armed conflict between the nations.
In 1954, which basic principle of the U.S. Constitution did the Supreme Court rule on in the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka? A.Trial by jury B.Freedom of speech C.Equal protection of the law D.Separation of church and state
What was the result of the decline of immigration from Europe to the United States during World War I? A.Both political parties called for the end of isolationist policies. B.Legal barriers to immigration from Asian countries were removed. C.Large numbers of African American workers moved north to take industrial jobs. D.American industry declined because of the loss of the immigrant workforce.
Which issue was brought to U.S. public awareness by Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring in 1962? A.Labor conditions B.Atomic weapons C.Racial segregation D.Environmental pollution
What was the significance of the career of Henry Ford during the early 1900s? A.He strongly influenced the early development of jazz music. B.He exposed corrupt business practices. C.He founded a large labor union. D.He made automobiles more affordable to common Americans.
The passage of the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1919 established? A.The prohibition of alcohol B.The direct election of senators C.The right of labor Unions to organize D.The power of voters to remove an elected official
Which industry did John D. Rockefeller monopolize during the late 1800s? A.The oil industry B.The railroad industry C.The meatpacking industry D.The steel industry
Which was not one of the Allied powers during WWII? A.Japan B.Great Britain C.United States D.France
Which was not one of the Axis powers during WWII? A.Japan B.Italy C.United States D.Germany
Which development directly contributed to the increase shown in the graph? A.Social Security B.The Wagner Act C.The Marshall Plan D.The Roosevelt Corollary
The U.S. offered financial assistance to any nation resisting communism in which of the following? A.Emancipation Proclamation B.The Wagner Act C.The Truman Doctrine D.The Roosevelt Corollary
The passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1919 established? A.The prohibition of alcohol B.The direct election of senators C.Women’s Suffrage D.The power of voters to remove an elected official
What was the historical context of the 1896 U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson? A.Business entrepreneurs had formed monopolies B.Labor unions had organized strikes throughout the nation C.Southern states had passed Jim Crow laws to limit the rights of African Americans. D.Congress placed restrictions on Chinese immigration in the U.S.
Which of the following caused Chinese immigration to decline? A.Wagner Act B.Chinese Exclusion Act C.Emancipation Proclamation D.Half-way covenant
Which development directly resulted from the Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik I? A.The beginning of the space race B.The creation of the Marshall Plan C.The U.S. entry into the Korean War D.The shift in U.S. policy toward detente
Which group did most of the work on the Transcontinental Railroad? A.Native Americans B.Chinese C.Slaves D.Women
What was the historical context of the data shown in the table? A.The U.S. strategy to remain neutral in future conflicts B.The U.S. attempt to contain the spread of Communism C.The U.S. plan to counteract the growth of global terrorism D.The U.S. effort to limit the development of atomic technology
Hoovervilles were caused by which of the following? A.Widespread unemployment B.Containment during WWII C.Globalization D.Rural electricity
Which of the following was a popular jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance? A.Langston Hughes B.A. Phillip Randolph C.Louis Armstrong D.W.E.B. Dubois
Which of the following was formed at the immediately following the end of WWII? A.Committees of Correspondence B.Social Security C.NAFTA D.United Nations
Which of the following was established during FDR’s Second New Deal? A.Medicare B.Social Security C.NAFTA D.NATO
What was the foreign policy of the U.S. during the first three years of WWI? A.Neutrality B.Interventionism C.Containment D.Detente
What was the foreign policy of the U.S. during the Cold War? A.Neutrality B.Interventionism C.Containment D.Detente
Which of the following most accurately describes Containment? A.U.S. foreign policy to keep the U.S. neutral during WWII. B.U.S. foreign policy after WWII to stop the spread of communism. C.Soviet foreign policy to spread communism through the world. D.Foreign policy of détente.
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle resulted in which of the following? A.Anti-Trust laws B.Creation of the EPA C.Meat Inspection Act D.Child Labor laws
Which individual was responsible for the Red Scare of the 1950s? A.Eleanor Roosevelt B.Senator Huey Long C.Ida Tarbell D.Senator Joseph McCarthy
Which was an attempt by FDR to give aid to Great Britain before the U.S. entered WWII? A.Lend-Lease Act B.“Court-Packing” Bill C.Wilmot Proviso D.Kansas-Nebraska Act
Which of the following fought in an attempt to combat Segregation in the southern U.S.? A.UFW B.AFL C.NOW D.NAACP
Which of the following explains why Americans were afraid after the launching of Sputnik I? A.They were vulnerable to attacks from space B.They would face mass emigration of citizens to the U.S.S.R. C.Americans lost the right to vote D.African Americans were placed in internment camps
A period in time when there were tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet union? A.New Deal B.Progressive Era C.Enlightenment D.Cold War
Soviet and U.S. tensions during the Cold War resulted from A.Refusal of Russia to leave Forts in the Ohio River Valley. B.The fear of use of a Hydrogen bomb. C.Fear of the spread of communism in the Soviet Union. D.Underconsumption and overproduction
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established to deal with A.Civil Rights violations in the U.S. B.Un-American activities within the U.s. in the 1950s. C.Child Labor & inner city immigrant issues. D.Environmental issues.
Physical & Cultural Geography; development of Regions in the World
Which is most important for the settlement patterns of human populations? A.Oil reserves B.Precious gems C.Location of rivers D.Iron ore deposits
Which natural resource is most important for the growth of human populations? A.Oil reserves B.Precious gems C.Iron ore deposits D.Groundwater supplies
Which geographic factor most contributed to economic growth in the northeaster United States? A.Rich farmlands B.Mild climate conditions C.Access to commercial routes D.Isolation from foreign invasions
Which physical characteristics of colonial New York directly affected its economic development during the late 1600s? A.Its vast gold and silver deposits B.Its large harbor and river systems C.Its poor soil quality and dry climate D.Its mountain terrain and geographical isolation
Which factor is the most important to geographers studying a culture region? A.Climate patterns B.Political borders C.Natural resources D.Language families
The colonists became angry that they could not cross the Appalachian Mountains during the colonial period because of the? A.War of 1812 B.Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo C.Proclamation of 1763 D.Monroe Doctrine
Which of the following lay within the geographic area known as the Great plains? A.Puerto Rico B.Oregon Territory C.Louisiana Purchase D.Chesapeake Bay
What was one result of the Louisiana Purchase? A.Doubled the size of the U.S. B.Thomas Jefferson purchased the Oregon Territory C.Texas became an independent nation D.Expansion of the Chesapeake Bay
Which of the following explains the purpose of the previous map? A.Political borders B.Topographical map C.River systems D.Culture
To divide the places on earth based on physical features, geographers commonly group places into? A.Regions B.cultures C.locations D.countries
Which factor do geographers most commonly study to learn about the culture of a nation? A.The political borders of a nation B.The geographical size of a nation C.The religious practices of a nation’s population D.The technological abilities of a nation’s population
Fertile Soil Elevation of Land Precipitation / rainfall Growing season
How did Copernicus’s writings during the 1500s help change the European world view? A.By challenging European ideas about the universe B.By claiming that all human beings were born with natural rights C.By discouraging the use of reason to examine traditional church teachings D.By encouraging European explorers to search for new ocean routes to Asia
Which geographical factor most helped Spain and Portugal establish new colonies during the Age of Discovery? A.Their diverse cultural practices B.Their large population densities C.Their abundance of precious metals D.Their access to commercial waterways
What was the function of the mandate system created by the League of Nations after World War I in 1919? A.To rebuild the urban centers of Japan B.To collect war reparations from Germany C.To manage the former territories of the Ottoman Empire D.To maintain a new European alliance against the Soviet Union
In which movement did King Henry VIII play a significant role during the 1500s? A.The Enlightenment B.The Great Awakening C.The English Reformation D.The Industrial Revolution
What was an important impact of the astrolabe in Europe during the 1500s and 1600s? A.It helped engineers used Newton’s laws to invent new machines B.It improved the ability of explorers to navigate across far distances C.It increased the efficiency of book printing through the use of movable type D.It supported Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
Which political ideology directly contributed to the Holocaust of the mid-1900s? A.Nazism B.liberalism C.anarchism D.Bolshevism
Which development correctly completes the list? A.The slave population of Haiti began a successful revolt. B.The American colonies won their independence from Great Britain C.The popularity of Catholicism increased among French peasants. D.The influence of Enlightenment ideas declined among French thinkers.
Which of the following were painters/sculptors? A.Jefferson and Locke B.Sarte and Rouseau C.Michelangelo and Davinci D.Luther and Calvin
Which of the following Concepts most relate to the World Trade Organization (WTO)? A.States’ rights B.Containment C.Globalization D.Luther and Calvin
Which was the first European Explorer to discover North America? A.John Cabot B.Jacques Cartier C.Hernando Cortes D.Francisco Pizarro
Which best defines Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini? A. Enlightenment thinkers B. French Philosophers C. Generals in WWI D. Fascist forces working together
Which of the following caused massive casualties during WWI? A. Marshall Plan B. Detente C. Trench warfare D. Lend-Lease Act
Which of the following was a cause of WWII? A. assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand B. German policy of Expansionism C. Impressment D. Slavery
Which event changed the political landscape in the Middle East in 1948? A.The U.S. seizure of oil fields B.The British takeover of Palestine C.The creation of the state of Israel D.The collapse of the Ottoman Empire
Which was the Allied attempt to push the Nazi’s out of France? A.D-day B.Battle of Midway C.Pearl Harbor D.Impressment