Campaigns Elections Voting Political Participation
Voting & Democracy Quotes The ballot is stronger than the bullet. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) A vote is like a rifle; its usefulness depends upon the character of the user. Theodore Roosevelt The ignorance of one voter in a democracy impairs the security of all. John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) Thirty-fifth President of the USA There is but little virtue in the action of masses of men. Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience “Democracy is the worst form of government — except for everything else.” Winston Churchill
Register to vote 30 days before the Election!!! First Tuesday after first Monday (Agrarian, Nov. 1 is All Saints Day, No travel on Sunday.) When is the next Election?
Elections Primaries General Elections (2008) Municipal (Local) Elections (2009) Midterm Elections (2010) Municipal Elections (2011) General Election (2012) Special Elections Etc. Next General Election?
More Voting Early Voting – PA? No http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/elections/absentee- and-early-voting.aspx Absentee Ballot Voting Register to Vote (move, name change, party change) Write-In Candidate
Voting Straight Ticket versus Split Ticket? Independent Voters (at least 35% -- 40% of voters ) “Ballot” originated from Italian word, ballotta, for small ball Based on historic “No” black ball vote (ancient Athens)
Primaries The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses held in each U.S. state and territory is part of the nominating process of United States presidential elections. This process was never included in the United States Constitution, and thus was created over time by the political parties.
Choosing Candidates (Pres.) Caucus – meeting of party members/leaders (Iowa) Primary – election by party members for candidate to run for office Iowa Caucus (Midwest) New Hampshire PrimaryNew Hampshire Primary (New England) South Carolina (South) Nevada (West) 2012 Primary Results 2008 Primary Results Super Tuesday (March) Closed primary – must be party member to vote (PA is Closed) Open primary – no membership required but may only vote in 1 party primary. National Convention, every 4 years, write national party platform, delegates nominate candidates for President and VP (Ticket).
Campaign Financing “There are four parts to any campaign. The candidate, the issues of the candidate, the campaign organization, and the money to run the campaign with.” - Former Speaker Tip O’Neill How much does it cost to run for President??? Obama in 2008? Presidential Campaign Data Federal Election Commission Campaign Laws limiting contributions. Why?
Political Propaganda Definition(s): Propaganda, simply put, is the manipulation of public opinion. Ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause. (Merriam- Webster) A message that is meant to influence people’s ideas, opinions, or actions. (Textbook) Common Techniques: Name Calling, Fear, Transfer, Plain Folk, etc. http://www.propagandacritic.com/articles/intro.ipa.html http://www.flackcheck.org/ Campaign Ads: http://pcl.stanford.edu/campaigns/2012/
Presidential Ballot Barack Obama Elector Smith John McCain Elector Jones
Electoral College The Electoral College system was devised for two reasons: 1. The founders thought a direct election by the population unwise (republic). 2. To protect the interests of smaller states and rural areas ( Bicameral anyone?) Therefore, the electoral college is a compromise between a popular election, the States, and Congress choosing the President.
Electors? Electoral College NARA Video Article II, Section 1 Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution Who chooses Electors? Who are the Electors? State political parties, loyal party members How many Electors in PA? 2 (Senators) + # of Reps (House) per State = ??? Strengths and Weaknesses? Wide support, Center of public opinion (2-party-system) Democracy? - Overrepresentation - Discourage 3rd Party Winner-Takes-All: http://www.270towin.com/ http://www.270towin.com/ Only Maine and Nebraska are not Winner-Take-All (they use the Congressional District Method) Does your vote count? YES!
Electoral College… Electoral College Quiz: http://www.270towin.com/quiz.php#.UHd6F3Dd5JM When has the Electoral college “failed” ? J.Q. Adams (1824) Hayes (1876) Harrison (1888) Bush (2000) Bush DATA 1789-2004 Presidential Elections NARA
Electoral College Discussion http://rlhonorsgovmaris.wikispaces.com/Unit+3
Can You Predict the 2012 Presidency/Electoral Results? Identify solid and swing states Use polls Use historic data Use electoral maps Predict electoral results, and provide evidence in <1 page report. Prize for closest estimate!!! See Wiki for resources
American Politics Electoral College: American system where a group electors pledge and vote for the President if that candidate wins the state popular vote. The electoral system is winner-take-all. Winner-Takes-All: The candidate with the most votes wins. For example, if 5 candidates run for office and Mrs. Smith earns the highest vote total at 30%, she wins the election. Two-Party System: The system in American politics that favors two parties (GOP and Democratic), discouraging third parties. How do these systems relate to each other?
Create a Political Party Create and/or join a political party Come up with party platform (principles, stance on issues) Ask others if they want to be in your party, as a member of a new political party, make a small sign expressing your stance on an issue. Hold primary/caucus to nominate candidate.
Run for Presidency Hold National Convention Edit or expand party platform and planks Nominate president and vice president (ticket) Make small poster, sign, leaflet, bumper sticker promoting your candidate Presidential debate Class vote for president