Presentation on theme: "Assessing for Multiple Behavioral Risk Factors: Lessons Learned from HRSA- Funded Programs Karen Hench U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health."— Presentation transcript:
Assessing for Multiple Behavioral Risk Factors: Lessons Learned from HRSA- Funded Programs Karen Hench U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) Division of Healthy Start and Perinatal Services (DHSPS) May 26, 2010 USPHS Scientific and Training Symposium
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA): Mission Provides national leadership, program resources and services needed to improve access to culturally competent, quality health care. The primary Federal agency for improving access to health care services for people who are uninsured, isolated or medically vulnerable.
Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB): Mission Provides national leadership and works in partnership with States, communities, public- private partners, and families to: strengthen the maternal and child health infrastructure; assure availability and use of medical homes; and, build knowledge and human resources …in order to assure continued improvement in the health, safety, and well-being of the maternal and child health population.
Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB): Population The MCH population includes America's women, infants, children, adolescents, and their families, including fathers, and children with special health care needs.
Healthy Start (HS) Presidential Initiative in 1991 to improve health care access and outcomes for perinatal women and infants, promote healthy behaviors, and address causes of infant mortality. Authorizing Legislation - Title III, Section 330H of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 254c-8). Grants for areas with high rates of infant mortality.
Healthy Start Projects 99 communities across 37 States. District of Columbia Puerto Rico Over 90% of all Healthy Start families are African American, Hispanic, or Native American
Title V – SPRANS and Healthy Start Risk Reduction Projects Title V – SPRANS * and Healthy Start Risk Reduction Projects Alcohol Screening Alcohol Screening Family Violence Assessment & Coordinated Intervention Family Violence Assessment & Coordinated Intervention Maternal & Infant Mental Health/Perinatal Depression Screening Maternal & Infant Mental Health/Perinatal Depression Screening Multiple Risks Screening in Women’s Health Multiple Risks Screening in Women’s Health Women’s Overweight/Obesity Reduction Women’s Overweight/Obesity Reduction Worksite Breastfeeding Support Worksite Breastfeeding Support 1 st Time Motherhood and Doula-Delivered Perinatal Care 1 st Time Motherhood and Doula-Delivered Perinatal Care * SPRANS = Special Projects of Regional and National Significance
Perinatal Alcohol Use Data * : Women Aged 15 - 44 Prenatal alcohol use can cause physical, cognitive, & behavioral disorders; premature delivery; and miscarriage. No known safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and lactation. 2006 & 2007 Rate of ‘Past Month Alcohol Use’: Non-pregnant and Pregnant women Recent mothers Not recent mothers (Rate = 11.6 %) (Rate = 42.1%) (Rate = 54.0 %) White = 14.5 %White = 52.1%White = 61.1% Black = 15.7 %Black = 31.9 %Black = 44.6 % Hispanic = 4.1 %Hispanic = 22.9%Hispanic = 41.6 % *Source: SAMHSA, 2002-2007 NSDUHs
Perinatal Depression Data * * Gaynes, Gavin, Meltzer-Brody, et al (2005) AHRQ Rate of depression, during pregnancy or within first 12 months after delivery (major & minor depression) = 5 to 25 % Perinatal depression is the leading cause of disease-related disability among women and negatively impacts women, their children and families.
Domestic Violence (DV) Statistics Nearly 1/3 of US women will be physically abused by a current or former partner sometime during their lives. Between 0.9-20.1% of pregnant women experience DV as compared to 7% with preeclampsia or gestational diabetes. (Gazmararian, 1996) Pregnant women are at twice the risk of battery; at four times the risk if the pregnancy is unplanned/unwanted. The leading cause of death among pregnant women is homicide.
Violence may involve other siblings, family or household members. Witnessing violence may perpetuate the cycle of violence into adulthood. Child abuse is associated with depression, substance abuse, poor school performance, and high-risk sexual activity. Potential Risk to Developing Child
What was the Synthesis Project? Who conducted the Synthesis Project? Why did they conduct it? When did it start & when did it finish? Where will it go from here? Synthesis of Title V – SPRANS and Healthy Start Risk Reduction Projects Synthesis of Title V – SPRANS * and Healthy Start Risk Reduction Projects * SPRANS = Special Projects of Regional and National Significance
Alcohol Screening Grants 7/99 - 6/02 Massachusetts Department of Public HealthPuerto Rico Department of Health Illinois Department of Human Services,Nebraska Department of Health and Office of Family HealthHuman Services Alcohol Replication Grants 9/02 - 9/05 Illinois Department of Human Services,Massachusetts Department of Public Health Office of Family Health Domestic Violence Grants 5/00 - 4/03 Illinois Department of Human Services,Washington State Department of Health Office of Family Health Montefiore Medical Center, DepartmentJohns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, of Family Medicine (New York) Center for Addiction and Pregnancy (MD) Family Violence Grants6/02 - 5//05 Illinois Department of Human Services,Philadelphia Public Health Department (PA) Office of Family Health North Carolina Department of HealthMultnomah County Department of Human and Human Services Services (Oregon)
Innovative Approaches Grants4/00 – 5/03 Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Bureau of Family and Community Health Positive Health Project, Inc. (New York) Mariposa Community Health Center, Inc.(AZ) Behavioral Risk Assessment Grants6/03 – 5/06 Boston Public Health Commission (MA)Children’s Research Triangle (IL) Medical and Health Research Association of New York City, Inc. Healthy Start Alcohol Screening Technical Assistance2000 – 2004 Children’s Research Triangle (Illinois) Healthy Start & Women’s Health Family Violence Srning TA 2005 – 2006 Family Violence Prevention Fund (California)
Healthy Start Depression Expansion Grants7/01 – 5/05 Mobile County Health Department (Alabama) Healthcare Consortium of Illinois Fresno County Department of CommunityJefferson County Fiscal Court (Kentucky) Health (California)District of Columbia Department of Healt Alameda County Health Services Agency/City of New Orleans (Louisiana) Department of Health (California) Fund for Public Health in New York, Inc. District of Columbia Department of Detroit Public Health Department (Michigan) Human Services Cleveland Department of Health (Ohio) Pinellas County Health Department (Florida) Palmetto Health Alliance (South Carolina) University of Southern Florida Children’s Northwest Indiana Health Department CenterSouth Carolina State Office of Rural Health Augusta Richmond County Community Access Community Health Network (Illinois) Partnership (Georgia)Baltimore Healthy Start (Maryland) Southern New Jersey Perinatal Cooperative, Inc. Health Start, Inc, Pittsburgh (PA) State of Illinois Department of Human Services Philadelphia Department of Health (PA) Boston Public Health Commission (MA) Maternal and Child Health Coalition (MO) The Trustees of Columbia University (NY) Tulsa City-County Health Department (OK) Aberdeen Area Tribal Chairman’s Health Virginia Department of Health, Office Board (South Dakota) of Family Health Services
Healthy Start Depression Specific Grants7/01 – 5/05 Community Foundation of Greater New Haven Washington Psychiatric Foundation Black Health Coalition of Wisconsin Florida State University State of Hawaii Department of Health Visiting Nurse Services (Iowa) Inter-Tribal Council, Inc. (Michigan) SIDS Resources, Inc. (Missouri) Healthy Start Depression Screening Technical Assistance2003 – 2005 Michael O’Hara, MD Synthesis Project Officer: Karen Hench KHench@HRSA.gov 301-443-0543