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The Crisis Deepens Chapter 10 Section 3. Birth of the Republican Party  Kansas-Nebraska Act -> replaced Missouri Compromise  Had major effect on Democratic.

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Presentation on theme: "The Crisis Deepens Chapter 10 Section 3. Birth of the Republican Party  Kansas-Nebraska Act -> replaced Missouri Compromise  Had major effect on Democratic."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Crisis Deepens Chapter 10 Section 3

2 Birth of the Republican Party  Kansas-Nebraska Act -> replaced Missouri Compromise  Had major effect on Democratic and Whig parties  Whip Party-> Southern=pro-slavery and Northern=antislavery  Anger over the Kansas-Nebraska Act led to new coalition-> Whigs, Free-Soil Party, and antislavery Democrats created the Republican Party ( also called Anti-Nebraska, Fusion, People’s, and Independent Party)  Began during Congressional elections in 1854

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7 Republicans Organize  Organized in July of 1854  Took name from Jefferson’s original party  Wanted prevent Southern planters from controlling the federal gov’t  Agreed slavery should be kept out of territories  Northern voters agreed-> Republicans made great strides in the elections of 1854

8 How the Republican Party was formed?

9 The Know-Nothings  Know-Nothings (American Party)  Made great gains due to anger against the Democrats in the north  Were anti-Catholic and nativists  Opposed immigration  Were scared they would take jobs  Used this ideology to win seats in Congress and state legislature  Eventually split over slavery and Northern party members merged with Republicans  Slavery>than immigration

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11 Election of 1856  John C. Fremont (Rep.) vs. James Buchannan (Dem.) vs. Millard Fillmore (American Party)  Two separate contests:  Buchannan vs. Fremont (North)  Dems. Campaigned on the idea that Buchannan could save the Union and Fremont’s election would cause the South to secede  Buchannan won  Buchannan vs. Fillmore (South)  Buchannan had solid support in the South=easy win

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14 Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)  Background: Scott was a slave from Missouri, had been shuffled from one family to another - one Northern state to another - eventually abolitionists decide to use him as a test case.  Three Questions of the case:  1. Were blacks CITIZENS under the meaning of the constitution?  Ruling- No, they are property.  2. Does residence in a free state make a slave free?  Ruling-No  3. Does residence North of the N Latitude line make a slave free?  Ruling-No, Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.

15 Sectional Division Grows  Dred Scott Decision  In his March 1857 inaugural address, Buchanan suggested that the Supreme Court decide the question of slavery in the territories  Two days later Supreme Court released the Dred Scott v. Sanford ruling  Dred Scot is the first case since Marbury v. Madison that the supreme court found an act of congress unconstitutional.  America’s Response:  North: Slavery has become a southern conspiracy. There is no telling when slavery will end, or how far it will reach.  South: Yay!  Increased sectional conflict-> b/c federal gov’t couldn’t prohibit slavery in any territories

16 Dred Scott v. Sanford

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18 Sectional Division Grows  Dems for decision-> Reps condemned it and claimed it was not binding  Reps argued it was an obiter dictum->incidental opinion not called for by all circumstances of the case  Southerners called for Northerners to obey the decision or they would secede the Union

19 Kansas’s Lecompton Constitution  Gov’t fueled conflict b/w pro and antislavery forces in “Bleeding Kansas”  Buchannan urged statehood  constitution was drafted in Lecompton->legalized slavery in the territory  Each side held their own referendum-> anti forces opposed and pro forces approved it  Buchanan accepted pros vote and asked Kansas be admitted as slave state  Senate accepted Lecompton Constitution  Caused fights to break out in Congress

20 Kansas’s Lecompton Constitution  Pres. Buchanan and Southern leaders agreed to allow another referendum-> Southerners were confident b/c if rejected Kansas would be delayed statehood 2yrs.  In 1858, settlers of Kansas rejected the Lecompton Constitution  Became a state in 1861

21 Lincoln and Douglas  Read Lincoln and Douglas on pg Reading Checks:  Lincoln’s background  Douglas’ background  Location of the pivotal debate b/w the 2  Significant Questions and responses  Election winner  Lincoln’s positive impact

22 Lincoln and Douglas Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln

23 Lincoln-Douglas Debate

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25 John Brown’s Raid  Read pg  Write a brief summary of John Brown’s Raid.  Discuss all of the following:  What happened?  Who was involved?  Where did it take place?  What were the results of the incident?

26 John Brown’s Raid

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