2 Agenda Hunger in Nebraska Overview of USDA Programs CLC’s Applications Breakfast, Summer, Fruit & Veggies ProgramsCLC’sApplicationsFunding OptionsBrief agenda overview- Barb.
3 Hungry Children Suffer And 16 million kids in America aren't getting the food they need.Childhood hunger is widespreadNearly one in five children in Nebraska live in households that struggle to put food on the table. They may look no different than other children; child hunger in America is often invisible. They are hurting, just the same.Number of food insecure children (by county)Breakfast and summer participation numbersNumber of SNAP participantsIssue with programs and economyPotential budget cutsIncreasing food costsSNAP gross income limitsSource: Share our Strength
4 Impacts of Childhood Hunger Childhood hunger is devastatingHungry kids are more likely to experience serious short- and long-term health issues. They tend to have trouble learning and are more prone to behavioral and emotional problems.Source: Share our Strength
5 And is likely to get sick more often. That child who doesn’t have enough to eat isn’t going to do as well in school.And is likely to get sick more often.She’s less likely to graduate from high school and go on to college, which will have a negative impact on her economic future.If this happens, then twenty years from now, she’s much less likely to be able to earn enough to feed her family.Source: Share our Strength
6 Overview of USDA Programs CACFPAfterschool Program (At-Risk Component)NSLP (National School Lunch Program)Breakfast ProgramFresh Fruit and VegetableSummer Food Service Program
7 CACFP and the At-Risk Component What is the Child and Adult Care Food Program?Federally funded nutrition programProvides reimbursements to programs that serve snacks or meals to children outside of school hours during the regular school yearWhat is the At-Risk Component? 1 of 2 kinds of CACFP EligibilityIncome eligibility (General CACFP): Based on household income. Reimbursement rate (free, reduced, or paid) for each individual child.Area eligibility (At-risk CACFP): Based on program location. Programs in low income areas can receive the “free meals” reimbursement rate for all children served. ($2.86 for meals or super snacks, $0.78 for snacks.)Nick or Nora
8 CACFP At-Risk Eligibility Weekends, holidays, or vacations during the school year.Youth aged 18 or youngerEnrichment activitiesHealth and safety standardsLocated in the attendance area of a public school where at least 50% of students receive free or reduced lunch.Note: Eligible programs may be operated by a nonprofit, public entity, or for-profit center, though for-profit centers must meet additional requirements (talk to the NDE for specifics).Nick
9 National School Lunch Program (NSLP) What year was the National School Lunch Program established?NSLP operates in over 100,000 public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions.How many children were served in the first year? How many were served in 2011?How much did the program cost in the first year? How much did it cost in 2011?Does offer snacksFree/Reduced LevelsFREE at or below 130 percent of the poverty levelREDUCED between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level (students can be charged no more than 40 cents)PAID over 185% of poverty (still subsidized)Local School Food Authorities set their own prices for full-price (Paid) meals but must operate their meal services as non-profit programs.For anyone receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, your child automatically qualifies for free school meals.
10 School Breakfast Program (SBP) Operates similarly to NSLPMust meet meal pattern requirements (anticipate changes next year)Must offer free or reduced price breakfasts to eligible childrenWhen did the program begin? (pilot program first)How many children were served in 1970? How many were served in 2011?How much did the program cost in 1970? How much did it cost in 2011?Severe need payments are up to 30 cents higherReimbursements for each breakfast served (non-severe need - >40% of F/R)Free $1.55Reduced $1.25Paid $0.27
11 NSLP vs. Breakfast Number of Children Served MillionsLunch:Serves 31M children (7.1M children participated )1947: 7.1M1970: 22M1980: 27M1990: 24M2011: 31.8MBreakfast Participation – has grown slowly but steadilyNationwide: over 12.1M daily (500K children in 1970)1970: 500M children1975: 1.8M1980: 3.6M1985: 3.4M1990: 4M1995: 6.3M2000: 7.5M2011: 12.1M
12 NSLP vs. Breakfast Program Costs Breakfast Participation / Cost Billions $Lunch:In 2011, total program cost was $11.1B (in 1947 it was $70M)1947: $70M1950: $199.7M1960: $225.8M1970: $565.5M1980: $3.2B1990: $3.7B2000: $6.1B2011: $11.1BBreakfast Participation / Cost$3B in 2011 vs. $10.8M in 19701970: $10.8M1980: $287.8M1990: $599.1M2000: $1.39B2011: $3B
13 School Breakfast in Nebraska Rank 49th out of all states and District of ColumbiaIncreased by more than 3600 in vs$9.2M left on the table for the State of NebraskaNebraska School Breakfast Challenge“There is a direct correlation between food insecurity and academic performance.” (Nicola Edwards, dietician and food policy expert at California Food Policy Advocates)Significant benefits associated with breakfastImproved educational performanceImproved attendance and behaviorContributes to long-term health and well-being for kidsContributes to decreased obesity
14 School Breakfast – What Can you Do? Become a breakfast advocate!Make sure your local school is serving the best type of breakfastEncourage administration / teachersShare information about the Nebraska School Breakfast ChallengeInvite NSBC Consultants to present at local school
15 Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) When was the first pilot program? When was it a separate program?How many children were served in nationally?Program cost in 1980? In 2009?FNS administers SFSP at the Federal LevelNDE Nutrition Services administersRun by approved sponsors (school districts, local government agencies, camps, private nonprofit organizations);Many sites also provide educational, enrichment and recreational activitiesPilot program in 1968; separate program in 1975Nationwide: 2.2M children at almost 35K sites (2009)Program cost $357.9M in 2009 ($110.1M in 1980)Reimbursements for meal served (maximum reimbursement rate per meal)Self Preparation-Rural SitesBreakfast: $1.935Lunch or Supper: $3.38Snack: $.7975Other types of Sites (Vended-Urban)Breakfast: $1.8975Lunch or Supper: $3.25Snack: $.78Children 18 and younger may receive free meals and snacks
16 Summer MealsNebraska underperforms most states in utilization of USDA summer meals programApproximately 10% participationHow many sites?Host a summer siteAssistance provided on getting startedHelp generate awarenessHFH website2-1-1Text freefood toNumber of sites in summer of (approximately 225)
17 Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) Addressing BarriersTransportationResources / CoordinationWeatherFundingPartners and OptionsOther Community PartnersMobileSchool Sponsor (finding a sponsor)Programming / Enrichment partners
18 Fresh Fruit & Vegetable Program The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 authorized the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Pilot in 4 states and 1 Indian Tribal Organization (Zuni, New Mexico)As a result of the Program’s popularity, the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 added 4 more states,10 schools in South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation, and 8 schools in Arizona’s Tribal CouncilProgram is nationwide in selected schools in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) administers the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) at the national level.Department of Education Nutrition Services administers locallyImportant catalyst for change in our efforts to combat childhood obesitySuccessful in introducing school children to a variety of produce that they otherwise might not have the opportunity to sample.
19 21st Century Community Learning Centers 21st CCLC sites are federally-funded through a competitive grant programFunding is provided by the Federal government through the No Child Left Behind Act and is administered by the Nebraska Department of EducationThe three goals for this grant program are to: improve student learning performance in one or more core academic areas, increase social benefits and positive behavioral changes, and increase family/community engagement to support student education.Must serve students who attend schools with 40% eligible for Free or reduced-cost meals inFor more information
20 ApplicationsNSLP, BSP and afterschool snacks – same application (school programs)SFSP has a separate applicationCACFP has a separate applicationAt-risk afterschool (snacks to meals)We can assist with finding the right program for your needs and making sure you have the right contacts.
21 Funding Options CHAMP Mini-Grants (at-risk afterschool) Hunger Free Heartland (breakfast, summer and at-risk afterschool)Midwest Dairy / Fuel Up to Play 60Other grant opportunities on HFH website
23 National School Lunch Program (NSLP) Established under the National School Lunch Act, signed by President Harry Truman in 1946Operates in over 100,000 public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutionsServes 31M children (7.1M children participated )In 2011, total program cost was $11.1B (in 1947 it was $70M)Nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunchesLocal School Food Authorities set their own prices for full-price (Paid) meals but must operate their meal services as non-profit programs.FREE at or below 130 percent of the poverty levelREDUCED between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level (students can be charged no more than 40 cents)PAID over 185% of poverty (meals are still subsidized to some extent)In 1998, Congress expanded the NSLP to include reimbursement for snacks in afterschool educational and enrichment programsAfterschool snacks are provided to children on the same income eligibility basis as school mealsFor anyone receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, your child automatically qualifies for free school meals.
24 NSLP Reimbursements Reimbursements for each Lunch served Free $2.86Reduced $2.46Paid $0.27Note: SFA’s in compliance with updated meal requirementsreceive an additional $0.06 for each meal servedReimbursements for each Snack servedFree $0.78Reduced $0.39Paid $0.07Schools are entitled to receive USDA ‘entitlement’ foods at a value of cents for each meal service in FY 2012/2013; can also get “bonus” USDA
25 School Breakfast Program (SBP) Provides cash assistance to States to operate nonprofit breakfast programs in schools and residential childcare institutionsBegan as a pilot in 1966; made permanent in 1975Operates similarly to NSLPMust meet meal pattern requirements (anticipate changes this next year)Must offer free or reduced price breakfasts to eligible childrenReimbursements for each breakfast served (non-severe need - >40% of F/R)Free $1.55Reduced $1.25Paid $0.27Participation / CostNationwide: over 12.1M daily (500K children in 1970)$3B in 2011 vs. $10.8M in 1970Severe need payments are up to 30 cents higher