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P o v e r t y S i m u l a t i o n Jennie Tullos, Elizabeth McPhail, and Kyle Van Dusen.

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Presentation on theme: "P o v e r t y S i m u l a t i o n Jennie Tullos, Elizabeth McPhail, and Kyle Van Dusen."— Presentation transcript:

1 P o v e r t y S i m u l a t i o n Jennie Tullos, Elizabeth McPhail, and Kyle Van Dusen

2 What do you know about poverty? Are there stereotypes? Where do these ideas come from? What class do you consider yourself in?

3 What do you know about poverty? Multiple Choice Most min. wage jobs are held by: a. Men b. Women c. teens d. Pretty evenly split Most people on welfare are: a. Single mothers b. Children c. The elderly The number of children currently living in poverty: a. 2 million b. 5 million c. 13 million d. 20 million True/False Having any job is better than no job at all. If you are a single parent with 2 children, you can support your family making federal min. wage. People are poor because they want to be.

4 Defining Poverty Models of Poverty Relative Poverty: deprivation relative to the standard of living of others members of the society- basic needs may be met, but the person/family may still be considered “poor” if they have fewer resources, opportunities, or goods Absolute Poverty: severe deprivation from basic human needs (food, safe water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education, information)

5 Defining Poverty Types of Poverty Generational Poverty: people living in poverty for two or more generations (75% of the people living in poverty are living in generational poverty) Situational Poverty: people living in poverty for a short time (unemployment, chronic illness, disability, divorce, or death of a family member)

6 Defining Poverty Poverty is a lack of resources with regards to: o Financial: Money to purchase goods and services as well as assets like credit, property, and equity. o Emotional: The ability to control emotions, especially in stressful situations without engaging in self- destructive behaviors o Mental: The capability to process information, evaluate situations, and make decisions o Social Capital: Friends, family, or backup resources that are accessible in times of need o Role Models: Access to adults who are nurturing and do not engage in self- destructive behaviors (mentors)

7 Orshansky’s Poverty Threshold Total yearly Income Threshold = $11,201

8 Poverty in Nebraska FremontNebraska Children below poverty level 12.3%14.5% Poverty rate among people who did not graduate high school not in families: 33.2%35.7% Residents with income below the poverty level in 2007 10%11.2% Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2007 3.2%4.8%

9 Start the Simulation Step 1: Draw Cards-Family Situation, Occupation, Child(ren) Step 2: Pick Housing and Transportation Step 3: Calculate Food Cost and Utilities Step 4: Budget –Month One, Month Two, Crisis

10 Potential Food Cost Grid Based on USDA standards for 3 healthy meals a day.

11 Final Discussion  What did you learn about poverty? Where you surprised by anything?  Were these situations realistic to you? Why or Why not?  How can you make a difference for low-income people that you may encounter in your life?  Who are some agencies or programs who serve low- income families?

12 Final Discussion o The goal of this activity is to provide an introduction to the situation of poverty- it is not a “how to” o We covered a segment of budgeting but there are many other life-skills one learns when living in poverty o It can take years to learn these skills o We encourage you to further investigate poverty in your community, especially as it relates to you and those you serve

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