To understand what Bleeding Kansas is we must go back in time… Issue: Slavery and States rights. Slavery starts in the New World in the 1600’s. Slavery becomes a major economic influence in the U.S. mostly in the South. Northern states and anti-slavery supporters begin to speak out against slavery in the late 1700’s
As the United States is growing and more states are being added to America the issue of slavery becomes the major issue. Do we allow these new states to become slave states or free states?
In 1820 there were 11 states that allowed slavery and 11 states that did not. Now Missouri and Maine were both becoming states. The Missouri Compromise said that Missouri would be allowed to have slaves, but Maine would be a free state.
In 1850 the issue of slavery faced another problem: California was becoming a state and wanted to be a Free State (no slavery). Southern states opposed this because that would mean there would be 13 Free States and only 12 Slave states. That would mean the Free States would have more power than Slave States.
With California wanting to become a Free State another compromise must be made. The Compromise of 1850: California would become a Free State, but the Fugitive Slave Act would be passed for the south. The Fugitive Slave Act: All slaves that escape, even to the North must be returned to their owner.
After reading pages 68-69, answer the following questions. 1. What is the Missouri compromise? Explain how they compromised. 2. What was the compromise of 1850? Explain how they compromised. 3. What was the Fugitive Slave Act? 4. What is an indentured Servant? 5. What percentage of Southerners owned Slaves? 6. What is the Kansas-Nebraska Act? 7. What Does Popular Sovereignty mean? 8. What problems will come about because of the Kansas- Nebraska Act?
Last attempt to solve the issue of slavery. Kansas-Nebraska Act Both Kansas and Nebraska were trying to be states. Stephen Douglas- a Senator comes up with idea of Popular Sovereignty. Popular Sovereignty: people of those territories should decide on the issue of slavery themselves… by voting.
Individual people in those territories will vote on whether there new state will have slavery or not. The Kansas Nebraska Act will directly lead to Bleeding Kansas!
1. What is the main issue facing the country during the 1800’s? 2. What was the Missouri Compromise? What did the free states get out of the deal? What did the slave states get/ 3. What was the Compromise of 1850? What did the Free States get? What did the slaves states get? 4. What is popular sovereignty? 5. What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act? How did it try and solve the problem over slavery? 6. What was the cause of Bleeding Kansas? 7. Name the five themes 8. Name four ways the Native Americans used the buffalo 9. Name the two trails through Kansas and the purpose of each 10. Explain the difference between Nomadic and Sedentary.
Group of wealthy abolitionist from New England provide $ and supplies to get more people to move to KS to make it a Free State. One of the most famous towns formed by the EAS was Lawrence, KS- one of the most anti- slavery towns in the U.S.A.
First acts of fighting. Wakarusa War – Pro-Slavery sheriff Samuel Jones surrounds and blockades the Free State town of Lawrence. Eventually pro-slavery forces come into Lawrence and burn down anti-slavery newspapers and two people are killed.
To trick the Pro-slavery forces that surrounded Lawrence they labeled boxes of Rifles as bibles. These rifles got the nickname as “Beecher Bibles”
Near Pottawatomie Creek in Kansas, John Brown and his men killed 5 pro-slavery supporters in retaliation to the Wakarusa War. Marais des Cygnes Massacre: Pro-slavery forces captured 11 Free-Staters and killing 5 of them and wounding another 5.
1. About how many people lost their lives in Bleeding Kansas? 2. What was the name of the Sheriff of Douglas county during this time? 3. Was Sam Jones a pro-slavery or anti-slavery leader? 4. In two to three sentences explain what happened during the Wakarusa War. 5. What are Beecher Bibles? 6. Explain the Pottawatomie massacre- who led the attack, why did they attack? 7. Explain the Marais des Cygnes Massacre. 8. Explain the following groups of people: Border ruffians, bushwackers, and jayhawks. 9. What eventually happened to John Brown? 10. What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act? 11. What is the emigrant aid society? 12. Write a 1 page explanation of how to properly behave in class.