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Preparing Future Faculty Sponsored by the Council of Graduate Schools and the Association of American Colleges & Universities, with support from the National.

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Presentation on theme: "Preparing Future Faculty Sponsored by the Council of Graduate Schools and the Association of American Colleges & Universities, with support from the National."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preparing Future Faculty Sponsored by the Council of Graduate Schools and the Association of American Colleges & Universities, with support from the National Science Foundation, The Pew Charitable Trusts, and a private donor

2 Purpose Improve the way future faculty are prepared for the teaching, research, and service responsibilities of faculty work

3 Goals uIncrease knowledge, broaden perspectives, and develop skills of faculty members and doctoral students uIncrease understanding of the changing roles of faculty uDevelop model programs and assess their effectiveness uDisseminate models and promising practices

4 Basic Assumptions uThe Ph.D. is a research degree uNot all Ph.D. students aspire to faculty careers uNot all Ph.D. programs aspire to prepare students for faculty careers or for the full range of colleges and universities uThere is increasing dissatisfaction with the job readiness of new Ph.D.’s

5 Concepts Doctoral students should... udevelop professional expertise in teaching, research, and service, and start learning to balance and integrate these responsibilities ulearn about the academic profession uhave experience at a variety of institutions ulearn about changes taking place in teaching and learning

6 Concepts continued Programs should... u include formal systems for mentoring in teaching and other aspects of professional work ube planned so that they are appropriate to the student's stage of development and progress toward the degree ube integrated into the academic program ubuild upon and go beyond Teaching Assistant orientation and development programs

7 What is a cluster? udecides what is needed in new faculty ugives students opportunities to experience faculty life in multiple institutional settings uincreases awareness among faculty in both the doctoral university and partner institutions about the changing expectations for faculty A cluster is a formal, cooperative arrangement involving different institutions and / or departments--partners-- working together. Cluster leadership:

8 Profile of Programs 1993 ‑ 1996PFF 1 — Develop model programs * 17 clusters with 85 partners 1997 ‑ 2001PFF 2 — Institutionalize & spread programs * 15 clusters with 110 partners PFF 3 — Preparing Future Science & Mathematics Faculty * 19 clusters with 83 partners in 5 disciplines PFF 4 — Preparing Future Social Science & Humanities Faculty * 25 clusters with 95 partners in 6 disciplines

9 The National Perspective of PFF

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11 Role of PFF National Office uWrites reports, articles and chapters uOrganizes presentations at meetings of professional societies and educational associations uMaintains the PFF web site uInserts PFF agenda into meetings where it could make a difference uAssesses PFF across clusters and assists clusters in self assessments uConsults with institutions wanting to become involved uConsults with foundations about similar programs uMaintains PFFNET, a resource listserv

12 PFF 1 Graduate Schools: ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners CUNY GRADUATE SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY CENTER - 6 partners CORNELL UNIVERSITY - 3 partners DUKE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners EMORY UNIVERSITY - 3 partners FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 4 partners LOYOLA UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO - 4 partners MARQUETTE UNIV & UNIV OF WISCONSIN-MILWAUKEE -10 partners NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY - 3 partners NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY - 4 partners OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI - 7 partners UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY - 6 partners UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA - 14 partners UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS-AUSTIN - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON - 7 partners

13 PFF 2 Graduate Schools: ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners DUKE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY - 6 partners HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 5 partners INDIANA UNIVERSITY - 15 partners MARQUETTE UNIV & UNIV OF WISCONSIN-MILWAUKEE -10 partners NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY - 4 partners SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI - 7 partners UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER - 8 partners UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY - 6 partners UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA - 14 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LINCOLN - 7 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON - 7 partners

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15 Disciplinary Associations PFF Three American Association of Physics Teachers American Chemical Society American Mathematical Society & Mathematical Association of America Special Interest Group on Computer Science Education / ACM PFF Four American Historical Association American Political Science Association American Psychological Association American Sociological Association National Communication Association National Council for Teachers of English

16 Role of Disciplinary Associations uCreate leadership teams to exercise oversight, give advice and assess the projects uSelect and make awards to at least four doctoral degree granting departments to pilot PFF programs uOffer technical assistance to maintain participant focus on project goals uDevelop dissemination activities consistent with the associations’ on-going operations uReport to CGS and AAC&U uParticipate in assessment activities

17 Role of Academic Departments uCreate a cluster of partner institutions and appoint a cluster steering committee to plan and oversee the collaboration uProvide students with an intensive, hands-on experience to learn about faculty life in a range of different institutions uPrepare guidelines for the selection and training of mentors uCollaborate with current PFF departments in their disciplines and utilize their experience with PFF activities uExpose students to new and emerging pedagogies and course enhancements

18 PFF 3 Academic Departments: Biological and Life Sciences DUKE UNIVERSITY - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LINCOLN - 7 partners UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA - 4 partners Chemistry DUQUESNE UNIVERSITY - 6 partners QUEENS COLLEGE OF CUNY - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-LOS ANGELES - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS-AMHERST - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN - 6 partners Computer Science UNIVERSITY OF IOWA - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI - 3 partners

19 PFF 3 Academic Departments: Mathematics ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY - 4 partners BINGHAMTON UNIVERSITY of SUNY - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON - 2 partners VIRGINIA TECH - 3 partners Physics HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-SAN DIEGO - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER - 8 partners

20 PFF 4 Academic Departments: Communication HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 4 partners INDIANA UNIVERSITY - 6 partners UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO - 4 partners English HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 3 partners MICHIGAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO - 3 partners WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY - 2 partners UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA - 3 partners History ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY - 4 partners BOSTON COLLEGE - 3 partners FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY - 4 partners HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 3 partners

21 PFF 4 Academic Departments: Political Science HOWARD UNIVERSITY - 3 partners INDIANA UNIVERSITY - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-CHICAGO - 4 partners Psychology MIAMI UNIVERSITY - 5 partners UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO-BOULDER - 3 partners UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA - 4 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHIRE - 6 partners Sociology INDIANA UNIVERSITY - 6 partners NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY - 5 partners TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY - 7 partners UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA-LINCOLN - 6 partners

22 University Activities u organize seminars taught by faculty and administrators from different institutions on issues unique to different types of institutions u offer certificate programs in PFF u discuss the roles of teaching, research and service in a multicultural setting and teaching about diversity

23 University Activities u help students develop portfolios documenting expertise in teaching, research, and service u explain academic governance systems u invite doctoral students to attend faculty meetings or committee meetings u train faculty to mentor students in areas beyond research

24 Academic Department Activities u organize forums for junior and senior faculty members to describe and analyze their professional lives u invite doctoral alumni to discuss how their careers do or do not connect with what they did in their graduate program u offer courses on teaching in their discipline u revise doctoral program guidelines to require PFF experiences

25 Academic Department Activities u offer seminars on professional issues like academic freedom, collective bargaining, and the impact of new technologies u create forums to discuss faculty histories, career paths, and alternative professional lifestyles u support doctoral students attending professional meetings and making presentations

26 Partner Departments and Campus Activities udiscuss their distinctive academic missions and different academic cultures udiscuss the roles and expectations for faculty at their own and similar institutions uassign participating doctoral students to faculty mentors for teaching and service upermit doctoral students to teach a unit or entire course and providing feedback from mentors uinvite participants to attend faculty, committee, or departmental meetings uinvolve doctoral students in faculty development activities

27 What we have learned? u Interest in faculty preparation programs is growing u Educational associations and funding agencies are supporting PFF ideas and practices u It is possible to create new forms of institutional collaboration

28 What we have learned? continued uDoctoral students are enthusiastic about PFF programs uPartner faculty enjoy working with doctoral students uGraduate faculty appreciate the opportunities that PFF programs give their students

29 What we have learned? continued uPFF programs appear to be successful uDoctoral students, graduate faculty, and partner faculty would recommend their PFF programs to others uBenefits to departments and universities include recruitment, retention and placement uBenefits outweigh the modest investments of time and money that they require

30 Benefits to University Faculty u Increased focus on students’ needs in advising u Increased dialogue among students and faculty u Opportunities to discuss academic life and college teaching as a career u Meeting interesting new colleagues u Greater appreciation for and understanding of the ways the ‘life of the mind’ is expressed in other college contexts u Recharged enthusiasm for teaching

31 Benefits to Partner Faculty u Assisting students in understanding the their institution u Sharing expertise with the next ‘generation’ of faculty u Increased enthusiasm in teaching u Perspective broadened by seeing themselves through an outsider’s eyes u New ideas and energy garnered from doctoral students u Opportunity to interact with colleagues within the cluster

32 Doctoral Student Comments University of Cincinnati “My experience with the PFF project has been one of the highlights – if not the (italics in original) highlight of my doctoral study.” The Ohio State University “I don’t feel like a student. I feel like a professional pursuing a career.”

33 Doctoral Student Comments Arizona State University “…the PFF program helped me build confidence in myself as a scholar, as well as what I have to bring to the table as a young professor.” “I went to a conference and what struck me profoundly … was how much more savvy I was than the other graduate students there. Not only was I aware of this difference, but other people commented on it.” PFF “has been, without question, one of the most meaningful parts of my graduate school experience (italics added). The first test of the value of PFF was my successful job search.”

34 Doctoral Student Comments Northwestern University “It was great being mentored – you get so much out of the program when you are closely involved with someone at another institution. You learn about the school, what it’s like to teach there, and you get to know the faculty.” (History Student) “I have heard insights from faculty at other institutions, who are perhaps more likely to have experimented with alternative teaching techniques, such as the use of computers in the classroom or calculus reform projects.” (Mathematics Student) “PFF has provided a foundational and life-changing experience. The program supplied a provocative forum for intellectual growth and critical reflection….” (Chemistry Student)

35 PFF 1 Cluster University of Washington English, Mathematics, Sociology & Zoology Departments in cooperation with: North Seattle Community College Seattle Central Community College Seattle Pacific University Seattle University University of Puget Sound Western Washington University University of Washington-Bothell

36 PFF 2 Cluster University of Nebraska-Lincoln in cooperation with: Chadron State College Creighton College Doane College Metropolitan Community College Nebraska Wesleyan University University of Nebraska-Omaha Grambling State University

37 PFF 3 Cluster Mathematical Association of America & American Mathematical Society Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University Department of Mathematics in cooperation with: Bridgewater College Virginia State University Washington and Lee University

38 PFF 4 Cluster National Communication Association & American Political Science Association Howard University Departments of Communication and Political Science in cooperation with: Bowie State University George Mason University Howard Community College Marymount College The Catholic University of America

39 Benefits Students Rated ‘Very Much’ & ‘Quite a Lot’

40 People Who Encouraged or Discouraged for Doctoral Students

41 Would you recommend PFF to others?

42 Student Preferences for Types of Institutions in Two Surveys: 1995 and 1996 * Question: What kind of institution do you hope to work for in your first job? ** Question: How attractive do you find various types of institutions?

43 Visit our Web Site


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