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American History Review Civil War and Cold War 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "American History Review Civil War and Cold War 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 American History Review Civil War and Cold War 2012

2 Why was the election of 1848 significant?  The Free-Soilers diverted enough votes from the Democrats to let Taylor win  Free-Soil party, in U.S. history, political party that came into existence in 1847–48 chiefly because of rising opposition to the extension of slavery

3 All of the following were components of the Compromise of 1850 except  (A) A new Fugitive Slave Law was passed  (B) Slavery was banned in Washington, D.C.  (C) Popular sovereignty would determine the future of slavery in the territories  (D) California was admitted as a free state

4 All of the following steeled Northern public opinion against the South except  (A) The Kansas-Nebraska Act  (B) The Wilmot Proviso  (C) Uncle Tom’s Cabin  (D) The Fugitive Slave Law  The Wilmot Proviso, one of the major events leading to the Civil War, would have banned slavery in any territory to be acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War

5 Why did the Kansas-Nebraska Act anger Americans in the North?  It effectively repealed the Missouri Compromise

6 Who were the “border ruffians”?  Proslavery Missourians who rushed to Kansas after Congress passed the Kansas- Nebraska Act

7 Why did Stephen Douglas push the Kansas-Nebraska Act through Congress in 1854?  A) He wanted a northern transcontinental railroad to terminate in Chicago  (B) He wanted to resolve the slavery debate  (C) He wanted to increase his stature within the Democratic Party  (D) All of the above

8 What did Lincoln do in his first inaugural address?  Professed his friendship for the South and said he would ignore South Carolina’s illegal secession

9 What did John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry demonstrate?  That Northern and Southern opinions on slavery were irreconcilable

10 What did Harriet Tubman and other Underground Railroad “conductors” defy?  The Fugitive Slave Law

11 Why were the Lincoln-Douglas debates significant in Lincoln’s political career?  They boosted him to national prominence

12 Which of the following was one reason the border states were so important to the Union?  They would have doubled Confederate manufacturing capabilities had they seceded

13 Lincoln was different from Davis in that he  Had a knack for understanding and using public opinion to his advantage

14 Why was Britain not as dependent on Southern cotton as the Confederacy had believed?  Cotton could also be obtained from Egypt and India

15 What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?  Freed slaves in secessionist states

16 The Union victory at Antietam was significant because  (A) It convinced Britain not to forge an alliance with the South  (B) It gave Lincoln the opportunity to fire George McClellan  (C) It gave Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation  (D) All of the above

17 The Battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg  Were the major turning point in the war

18 Which of the following actions by Lincoln violated the Constitution?  A) His order of a naval blockade of the South  (B) His increase of the size of the U.S. Army  (C) His authorization of illegal voting methods in the border states  (D) All of the above

19 Why did Lincoln suspend the writ of habeas corpus?  To enable Confederate sympathizers to be arrested without being formally charged

20 The Confederacy collapsed at the end of the war for all of the following reasons except  Massive slave uprisings

21 Lincoln’s primary objective during the war was  To restore the Union

22 Who won the presidential election of 1864?  Abraham Lincoln

23 What was the first state to secede during the civil war?  South Carolina

24 COLD WAR QUESTIONS  Joseph McCarthy’s political influence waned after  The Army-McCarthy hearings

25 What did the Montgomery G.I. Bill do?  Gave money to World War II veterans to go to school

26 America’s postwar economic prosperity was the result of all of the following except  The creation of the World Bank

27 Truman fired General MacArthur for  Publicly criticizing Truman

28 What was the Marshall Plan intended to do?  Rebuild war-ravaged Europe

29 The imaginary line of secrecy and mistrust that separated the USSR and Eastern Europe from the West was known as  The iron curtain

30 The United States and the USSR distrusted each other after World War II for all of the following reasons except  The United States and Great Britain had wanted to assassinate Stalin during the war

31 In which U.S. presidential election did television first play a major role?  1960

32 Kennedy’s doctrine of “flexible response”  Allowed foreign policy officials to use a range of strategies to fight Communists abroad, depending on the crisis

33 Eisenhower cut many federally funded government programs in order to curb what he called  “Creeping socialism”

34 The fall of the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 prompted  Eisenhower to funnel U.S. funds into fighting Communist-leaning North Vietnamese

35 Which Kennedy initiative hoped to thwart Communist insurgents in Latin America by reducing income inequality in the region?  The Alliance for Progress

36 All of the following were consequences of the Cuban missile crisis except  A) The USSR removed its nuclear warheads from Cuba  (B) The United States removed its nuclear warheads from Turkey  (C) Kennedy authorized the Bay of Pigs invasion  (D) Khrushchev was removed from power in the USSR

37 The United States and the USSR came closest to nuclear war during the  Cuban missile crisis

38 What did Kennedy’s New Frontier program seek to do?  Increase social welfare spending

39 The belief that the United States had to prevent the USSR from expanding and Communism from spreading was known as  Containment

40 Why did the USSR vehemently oppose the Marshall Plan?  It feared invasion from a newly industrialized Germany

41 What did Republicans in the House of Representatives create in order to hunt for Communist spies?  HUAC Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

42 The Warsaw Pact was signed because….  To create an Eastern bloc alliance to counter NATO

43 The leader of nationalist, Communist forces in Vietnam in the 1950s was  Ho Chi Minh

44 Who constituted the bulk of the Bay of Pigs invasion force?  Cuban exiles and expatriates

45 Cuban leader Fidel Castro allowed the USSR to place nuclear missiles in Cuba after  The Bay of Pigs invasion

46 The Cold War was fought between the United States and  USSR

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