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5.2: Sectionalism from 1850-1860 & The Civil War (1861-1865)  Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the.

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Presentation on theme: "5.2: Sectionalism from 1850-1860 & The Civil War (1861-1865)  Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the."— Presentation transcript:

1 5.2: Sectionalism from 1850-1860 & The Civil War (1861-1865)  Follow along in the student packet: “Content students MUST KNOW to be successful on the GHSGT” (pg. 92-96) Click Here

2 The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854


4 Federal Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry

5 The incident at Harpers Ferry’s greatly ___________ tensions between the North and South (a) increased

6 Sectionalism 1857-1860





11 By 1860, the Republicans elected Lincoln without even campaigning in the South!

12 Secession & the Effects of Fort Sumter Civil War was not technically between slave states & free states (the “border states” of MO, KY, DE, MD did not secede)

13 Fort Sumter, South Carolina In April 1861, a skirmish at Fort Sumter, SC led to the 1 st shots fired of the Civil War

14 Advantages of the Union & Confederacy

15 The Civil War Antietam, 1862: Convinced England & France not to join war with CSA & convinced Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation Vicksburg, 1863: Cut off Southern access to Mississippi River & led to Ulysses Grant’s promotion Gettysburg, 1863: The “turning point” of the Civil War

16 Emancipation in 1863 The border states could keep their slaves (until 13 th amendment passed in 1865)

17 William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) was a famous Union general during the Civil War.


19 Confederate lines around Atlanta were some of the most fortified of the War. General Johnston hoped to inflict unacceptable losses upon Sherman if he should try to take the city.

20 Sherman’s first step was to capture the Confederate rail hub of Atlanta. He assaulted the Confederate positions at Kenesaw Mountain, the key to the rest of the area.

21 Peachtree Street in Atlanta after the Federal bombardment of the city. Marietta Street runs to the left and Decatur Street to the right.

22 Soldiers destroy a railroad during General Sherman's march to the sea.

23 By the end of the Civil War, most of the South's locomotives had been destroyed.

24 Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin? Speed! 1. The Grimke sisters 2. Thomas Paine 3. Harriet Tubman 4. Frederick Douglas 5. Harriet Beecher Stowe 10

25 Speed! What was a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? 1. Popular sovereignty for Kansas and Nebraska 2. A reaffirmation of the Missouri Compromise 3. Several years of peace on the issue of slavery 4. The end of the political career of Stephen Douglas 10

26 Speed! Popular Sovereignty could be considered a cause of 1. The Emancipation Proclamation 2. Lincoln’s victory in the election of 1860 3. The Gettysburg Address 4. “Bleeding Kansas” 10

27 The Dred Scott decision did all of the following EXCEPT 1. please Southerners 2. rule that slaves did not have rights 3. declare the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional 4. guarantee that slavery would not be allowed in future states 10

28 Speed! What was one effect of John Brown’s actions at Harpers Ferry? 1. An end to the abolitionist movement 2. An increase in the tensions between the North and South 3. A brief period of national unity 4. An embarrassing defeat for Robert E. Lee 10

29 All of the following were strengths of the North EXCEPT 1. Manufacturing Capabilities 2. Military Leadership 3. Population 4. Transportation Infrastructure 10

30 Speed! The Civil War began with the Confederate attack on 1. Fort Wagner 2. Fort McHenry 3. Fort Sumter 4. Fort Bennings 10

31 Lincoln’s main goal at the beginning of the war 1. Free the slaves 2. Preserve the Union 3. Gain the support of European countries 4. Win reelection 10

32 Speed! Despite the many disadvantages facing the South, a huge advantage was that they planned to fight a 1. War of aggression 2. War of neutrality 3. Offensive war 4. Defensive war 10

33 What was the approximate number of slaves who were immediately freed by the Emancipation Proclamation? 1. 6 million 2. 4 million 3. 2 million 4. none Speed! 10

34 What was the stated aim of the Emancipation Proclamation? 1. to free all slaves in the United States 2. to free slaves behind Confederate lines 3. to free slaves in Union slaves states 4. to enlist slaves in the Union army 10

35 The Battle of Gettysburg was NOT 1. a devastating defeat for the Confederates 2. the battle that cut the Confederacy in two 3. a battle with heavy casualties on both sides 4. the last time the South invaded the North 10

36 Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address? 1. “We are not prepared for this suffrage. But we can learn.” 2. “You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, … determined people on earth.” 3. “Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.” 4. “That the government of the people, by the people and for the people shall not perish” 10

37 The Battle of Gettysburg (1863) took place in what century? 1. 17th 2. 18th 3. 19th 4. 20th 10

38 Converting Years into Centuries and Centuries into Years Easiest way to remember: WWhat year is it? WWhat century are we in? TThe century is always one more than the year. BBut why??? 2000190021001004003002000 2010 21 st 1 st 2 nd 3 rd 4 th A.D.

39 What battle gave the North control over the Mississippi? 1. Atlanta 2. Antietam 3. Gettysburg 4. Vicksburg 10

40 The man whose “Georgia Campaign” resulted in Lincoln winning reelection 1. Stonewall Jackson 2. George Meade 3. Winfield Scott 4. William T. Sherman 10

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