3What are some characteristics of the period of Westward Expansion?
4Activity – Westward Expansion Gather as much information as you possibly can about the Westward Expansion in your group½ picked to rotate will change seats every 2 ½ minutes, 2 minutes, and 1 ½ minutes after having brainstormed what you knowWe will come together as a class and figure out what you’ve put down.
5Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution Characteristics AKA 1st Industrial Revolution because of inventions such as steam engine (steamboat and train), cotton gin, and interchangeable parts, etc.Manifest Destiny – we had a destiny to get out to the Pacific Coast based on God’s will.Louisiana PurchaseMigration westward
6Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution Characteristics Search of GoldKilling and Displacement of Native Americans (Indian Wars and the Indian Removal Act)Beginning of Sectionalism – disagreements between South and North about states’ rights issues and slavery
7Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1793Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin
8Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1803Louisiana Purchase – U.S. (Thomas Jefferson) buys a huge chunk of land from France’s Napoleon Bonaparte because he wants to expand his war in Europe – U.S. doubles in size
10Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1828Andrew Jackson is elected president – The United States enters a period of universal male suffrage
11Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1832South Carolina threatens to leave the union after the “Tariff of Abominations” of 1828 is enacted, President Jackson threatens to use military force in 1832 in the “Nullification Crisis”
12Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1845Texas is annexed into the United States of America
13Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1848U.S. ends the war with Mexico, signing the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and buys off a huge chunk of land (parts of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming) in compensation for having won the war
14Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1849San Francisco Gold Rush – term 49ers is developed when about 15,000 new immigrants move westward to find gold
15Westward Expansion – Missouri Compromise Prohibited slavery in the land of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 32’ 30” parallel line (except for Missouri) and allowed slavery south of the lineMaine was admitted as a free stateMissouri admitted as a slave state
16Westward Expansion – Kansas-Nebraska Act Nebraska Territory wanted to become a state (1854)Senator Stephen Douglas “pushed” for settled of the Great PlainsIntroduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act; countered the Missouri Compromise but got him the Southern votes he neededTerritories would decide slavery issue based on “popular sovereignty”Outraged freesoilers and abolitionistsLed to violent reactions in region known as “Bleeding Kansas”The Raid in Lawrence, Kansas (1 person killed)John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry (5 people killed)Kansas and Nebraska became separate statesDemonstrated how divided the country was over the issue of slavery
17Westward Expansion – Compromise of 1850 California allowed to join union as a free stateStates acquired through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo could choose whether or not to allow slaveryFugitive Slave Act must be enforcedFugitive slaves must be returned to original ownersPeople caught hiding or rescuing slaves could be fined as much as $10,000
19Westward Expansion – Eli Whitney Invented the cotton ginIncreased the cleaning of cotton which required more slaves to be brought to the U.S.Invented interchangeable partsIncreased production of machine parts and in turn, machines
21Westward Expansion – Andrew Jackson On $20 BillCommander in the War of 1812 vs. the British in the South7th President of the U.S. who wanted to expand Westward at all costsLed in removal of Indians from all lends necessary to expand