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The U.S. History Review By Miguel A. Rivera. Section 6 Westward Expansion.

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Presentation on theme: "The U.S. History Review By Miguel A. Rivera. Section 6 Westward Expansion."— Presentation transcript:

1 The U.S. History Review By Miguel A. Rivera

2 Section 6 Westward Expansion

3 What are some characteristics of the period of Westward Expansion?

4 Activity – Westward Expansion Gather as much information as you possibly can about the Westward Expansion in your group Gather as much information as you possibly can about the Westward Expansion in your group ½ picked to rotate will change seats every 2 ½ minutes, 2 minutes, and 1 ½ minutes after having brainstormed what you know ½ picked to rotate will change seats every 2 ½ minutes, 2 minutes, and 1 ½ minutes after having brainstormed what you know We will come together as a class and figure out what you’ve put down. We will come together as a class and figure out what you’ve put down.

5 Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution Characteristics AKA 1 st Industrial Revolution because of inventions such as steam engine (steamboat and train), cotton gin, and interchangeable parts, etc. AKA 1 st Industrial Revolution because of inventions such as steam engine (steamboat and train), cotton gin, and interchangeable parts, etc. Manifest Destiny – we had a destiny to get out to the Pacific Coast based on God’s will. Manifest Destiny – we had a destiny to get out to the Pacific Coast based on God’s will. Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase Migration westward Migration westward

6 Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution Characteristics Search of Gold Search of Gold Killing and Displacement of Native Americans (Indian Wars and the Indian Removal Act) Killing and Displacement of Native Americans (Indian Wars and the Indian Removal Act) Beginning of Sectionalism – disagreements between South and North about states’ rights issues and slavery Beginning of Sectionalism – disagreements between South and North about states’ rights issues and slavery

7 Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1793 Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin

8 1803 Louisiana Purchase – U.S. (Thomas Jefferson) buys a huge chunk of land from France’s Napoleon Bonaparte because he wants to expand his war in Europe – U.S. doubles in size Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution

9 Westward Expansion – Louisiana Purchase

10 1828 Andrew Jackson is elected president – The United States enters a period of universal male suffrage Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution

11 1832 South Carolina threatens to leave the union after the “Tariff of Abominations” of 1828 is enacted, President Jackson threatens to use military force in 1832 in the “Nullification Crisis” Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution

12 1845 Texas is annexed into the United States of America Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution

13 1848 U.S. ends the war with Mexico, signing the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and buys off a huge chunk of land (parts of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming) in compensation for having won the war

14 Westward Expansion/ Industrial Revolution 1849 San Francisco Gold Rush – term 49ers is developed when about 15,000 new immigrants move westward to find gold

15 Westward Expansion – Missouri Compromise Prohibited slavery in the land of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 32’ 30” parallel line (except for Missouri) and allowed slavery south of the line Prohibited slavery in the land of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 32’ 30” parallel line (except for Missouri) and allowed slavery south of the line Maine was admitted as a free state Maine was admitted as a free state Missouri admitted as a slave state Missouri admitted as a slave state

16 Westward Expansion – Kansas-Nebraska Act Nebraska Territory wanted to become a state (1854) Nebraska Territory wanted to become a state (1854) Senator Stephen Douglas “pushed” for settled of the Great Plains Senator Stephen Douglas “pushed” for settled of the Great Plains Introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act; countered the Missouri Compromise but got him the Southern votes he needed Introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act; countered the Missouri Compromise but got him the Southern votes he needed Territories would decide slavery issue based on “popular sovereignty” Territories would decide slavery issue based on “popular sovereignty” Outraged freesoilers and abolitionists Outraged freesoilers and abolitionists Led to violent reactions in region known as “Bleeding Kansas” Led to violent reactions in region known as “Bleeding Kansas” The Raid in Lawrence, Kansas (1 person killed) The Raid in Lawrence, Kansas (1 person killed) John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry (5 people killed) John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry (5 people killed) Kansas and Nebraska became separate states Kansas and Nebraska became separate states Demonstrated how divided the country was over the issue of slavery Demonstrated how divided the country was over the issue of slavery

17 Westward Expansion – Compromise of 1850 California allowed to join union as a free state California allowed to join union as a free state States acquired through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo could choose whether or not to allow slavery States acquired through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo could choose whether or not to allow slavery Fugitive Slave Act must be enforced Fugitive Slave Act must be enforced Fugitive slaves must be returned to original owners Fugitive slaves must be returned to original owners People caught hiding or rescuing slaves could be fined as much as $10,000 People caught hiding or rescuing slaves could be fined as much as $10,000

18 Westward Expansion – Who is this guy?

19 Westward Expansion – Eli Whitney Invented the cotton gin Invented the cotton gin Increased the cleaning of cotton which required more slaves to be brought to the U.S. Increased the cleaning of cotton which required more slaves to be brought to the U.S. Invented interchangeable parts Invented interchangeable parts Increased production of machine parts and in turn, machines Increased production of machine parts and in turn, machines

20 Westward Expansion – Who is this guy?

21 Westward Expansion – Andrew Jackson On $20 Bill On $20 Bill Commander in the War of 1812 vs. the British in the South Commander in the War of 1812 vs. the British in the South 7th President of the U.S. who wanted to expand Westward at all costs 7th President of the U.S. who wanted to expand Westward at all costs Led in removal of Indians from all lends necessary to expand Led in removal of Indians from all lends necessary to expand

22 Westward Expansion – Who is this guy?

23 Westward Expansion – Napoleon Bonaparte King of France who tried to take over all of Europe; King of France who tried to take over all of Europe; Sold the Louisiana Purchase to Thomas Jefferson for $15 million in order to pay for his war Sold the Louisiana Purchase to Thomas Jefferson for $15 million in order to pay for his war


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