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Update on the State-Led and State-Governed Comprehensive Assessment Consortia: PARCC and Smarter Balanced Pascal (Pat) D. Forgione, Jr., Ph.D. Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "Update on the State-Led and State-Governed Comprehensive Assessment Consortia: PARCC and Smarter Balanced Pascal (Pat) D. Forgione, Jr., Ph.D. Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Update on the State-Led and State-Governed Comprehensive Assessment Consortia: PARCC and Smarter Balanced Pascal (Pat) D. Forgione, Jr., Ph.D. Executive Director, K-12 Center at ETS Austin, TX

2 Presentation Outline Stimuli for the Development of Next Generation Assessments The Comprehensive Assessment Consortia PARCC Smarter Balanced Key Similarities and Differences in Designs and Approaches 2

3 Part One Stimuli for the Development of Next Generation Assessments The Comprehensive Assessment Consortia PARCC Smarter Balanced Key Similarities and Differences in Designs and Approaches 3

4 In 2009, NGA and CCSSO launched the Common Core State Standards Initiative to, “provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them.” 48 states joined the initiative in states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) have adopted the Common Core State Standards* 4 National Governor’s Association and Council of Chief State School Officers. “Common Core State Standards Initiative.” State-Standards-March-2010.ppt March 2010.www.corestandards.org/assets/Common-Core- State-Standards-March-2010.ppt March 2010 * July 11, 2014www.coresandards.org Game Changer #1: Common Core State Standards Initiative

5 Thomas Friedman in “The World is Flat” points out the importance of “inflection points” in history, such as the invention of the printing press. The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) may become an “inflection point” for American public education - establishing a common foundation for building excellence and equity for all students. RI IL NC CA CT NJ State silos of cost, effort, expertise Interactive Digital Library Shared platform for collaboration, cost and effort efficiencies, sharing of best practices 5 The Uniqueness of This Moment: Inflection Point

6 Groups of 15 or more states could apply for a grant to develop online, next-generation assessment systems that: Assess shared standards in mathematics and ELA/literacy for college- and career-readiness Measure individual growth as well as proficiency; Utilize technology to the maximum extent appropriate; and Provide information that is useful in informing:  Teaching, learning, and program improvement;  Determinations of school effectiveness and of principal and teacher effectiveness for use in evaluations and support; and  Determinations of individual student college and career readiness, such as determinations made for high school exit decisions, college course placement to credit-bearing classes, or college entrance.  Operational by 2014 – 2015 school year (US Department of Education, 2010) 6 Game Changer #2: RTTT Assessment Program

7 District of Columbia Hawaii Membership as of July 11, 2014 PARCC 14 states & DC* Smarter Balanced 22 states and USVI** Both: Pennsylvania Neither: 15 states 7 Membership in Comprehensive Assessment Consortia * Indiana and Pennsylvania have not been active of late. ** Pennsylvania has not been active of late.

8 Part Two Stimuli for the Development of Next Generation Assessments The Comprehensive Assessment Consortia  PARCC  Smarter Balanced Key Similarities and Differences in Designs and Approaches 8

9 The Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) 9

10 4 week test window Mid-Year Performance- Based Assessment MID-YEAR ASSESSMENT Flexible timing Student results inform instruction, supports, & professional development DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT Speaking/ Listening Assessment Flexible timing 4 week test window Retest option PARTNERSHIP RESOURCE CENTER: Digital library of released items; formative assessments; model content frameworks; instructional and formative tools and resources; student and educator tutorials and practice tests; scoring training modules; and professional development materials PERFORMANCE- BASED ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics END-OF- YEAR/COURSE ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics Optional assessments to inform instruction Summative assessment for accountability Required for grades 3-8 and 11 but not used for accountability PARCC Assessment System English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics, Grades 3-8 and High School

11 Taken after at least 75% of instructional year 3 ELA/literacy tasks over 3 sessions 1 narrative writing task 1 literary analysis task 1 research simulation task 2 math test sessions with multiple tasks complex, real-world application problems emphasis on mathematical practices and modeling Electronic and distributed human scoring Results by end of school year PERFORMANCE BASED ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics PARCC Summative Assessments: Performance-Based Assessments 4 week test window 11

12 END-OF- YEAR/COURSE ASSESSMENT PARCC Summative Assessments: End-of-Year Assessment Taken between 75% and 90% of instructional year Multiple item types including constructed response and technology enhanced Fixed-form, with multiple forms per grade level/course Will include items that measure the full performance continuum Electronically scored High school: Also, available at end of 1 st semester to support block scheduling 12 4 week test window

13 Timed, spread over nine testing sessions Estimated testing time, ELA + math: 8 hours in grade 3 9 hours in grades hours in grades 6 – hours in high school PARCC: Summative Components 13 PT and EOY scores combined for accountability 1 Retest in 3 – 8 and up to 3 in HS, as State/locally approved Paper and pencil version as accommodation and for schools with State DOE approval 4 week test window PERFORMANCE- BASED ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics END-OF- YEAR/COURSE ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics

14 PARCC: Speaking/Listening Assessment Available for grades K-12, and required in grades , but not used for accountability Scored by classroom teacher using standardized rubric Scores may be used within students’ grades Flexible timing ELA/Literacy Speaking Listening 14

15 Flexible Timing MID-YEAR ASSESSMENT Optional Diagnostic Assessment, grades 2 – 8 Two-stage adaptive assessment designed to inform instruction Optional Mid-Year Performance Tasks, grades 3 – 11 Designed to mirror summative Performance Tasks Scored by teachers PARCC Supports: Interim Assessments DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT 15

16 PARTNERSHIP RESOURCE CENTER: Digital library of released items, formative assessments, model content frameworks, instructional and formative tools and resources; student and educator tutorials and practice tests, scoring training modules; and professional development materials. PARCC Supports: The Partnership Resource Center Online practice tests for each grade/course Formative assessment items and tasks Professional development materials – scoring, use of data Instructional tools and resources developed by Partner states Optional “ready-to-use,” instructionally embedded formative tasks and tools for K-1 16

17 4 week test window Mid-Year Performance- Based Assessment MID-YEAR ASSESSMENT Flexible timing Student results inform instruction, supports, & professional development DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT Speaking/ Listening Assessment Flexible timing 4 week test window Retest option PARTNERSHIP RESOURCE CENTER: Digital library of released items; formative assessments; model content frameworks; instructional and formative tools and resources; student and educator tutorials and practice tests; scoring training modules; and professional development materials. PERFORMANCE- BASED ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics END-OF- YEAR/COURSE ASSESSMENT ELA/literacy Mathematics Optional assessments to inform instruction Summative assessment for accountability Required for grades 3-8 and 11 but not used for accountability PARCC Assessment System English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics, Grades 3-8 and High School

18 PARCC: Supports and Timeline Plans as of July 1, 2014, subject to change 2014 – 2015 school year College readiness tools released Partnership Resource Center launches Mid-Year and Summative assessments ready 2015 – 2016 school year K-1 formative tools ready Diagnostic and Speaking/Listening assessments ready 18

19 The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium 19

20 Scope, sequence, number, and timing of interim assessments locally determined INTERIM ASSESSMENT Computer Adaptive Interim Assessment System INTERIM ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE TASKS ELA /Literacy Mathematics Re-take option available COMPUTER ADAPTIVE ASSESSMENT ELA/Literacy Mathematics 20 Computer Adaptive Interim Assessment System 12 week testing window Summative assessment for accountability Optional Interim assessment system. Smarter Balanced Assessment System English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics, Grades 3-8 and High School* Summative and interim assessments for grades 3 – 8 and 11, with ability for states to create additional assessments for grades 9, 10, and 12. DIGITAL LIBRARY of formative tools, processes and exemplars; model curriculum units; educator training; professional development tools and resources; and teacher collaboration tools.

21 12 week testing window Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment Performance Tasks One 12-week statewide testing window for administration of both summative components, extends up to last day of school One ELA task and 1 math task per year, 90 – 120 minutes per content area Focus on hard-to-measure standards Combination of machine and human scoring Results within two weeks, depending on state scoring contract. 21 PERFORMANCE TASKS ELA /Literacy Mathematics

22 Last 12 weeks of year* Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment Computer Adaptive End-of-Year Assessment Multiple item types including constructed response and technology enhanced Adaptive delivery can, if needed, present items above or below grade level to gain accuracy and clearer profile of strengths and needs (most students will see only grade-level items) 22 COMPUTER ADAPTIVE ASSESSMENT ELA/Literacy Mathematics 12 week testing window

23 Untimed, over multiple testing sessions Estimated testing time, ELA + math: 7 hours in grades 3 – hours in grades 6 – hours in grade 11 Smarter Balanced Summative Components 23 PT and Computer Adaptive scores combined for accountability 1 Retake, if locally approved, for testing irregularities Paper and pencil version for 3 years; thereafter as accommodation PERFORMANCE TASKS ELA /Literacy Mathematics Re-take option available COMPUTER ADAPTIVE ASSESSMENT ELA/Literacy Mathematics 12 week testing window

24 Smarter Balanced Supports: Optional Interim Assessment System Two Options: – Interim Comprehensive Assessments use the same design as the summative assessments, assess the same range of standards, and provide scores on the same scale. – Interim Assessment Blocks focus on smaller sets of related concepts and provide more detailed information for instructional purposes. There are between five and seventeen blocks per subject per grade Test questions are not secure, and there are no restrictions on the number of times that teachers or students may access assessments INTERIM 24

25 Last 12 weeks of year* DIGITAL LIBRARY of formative tools, processes and exemplars, model curriculum units, educator training; professional development tools and resources, and teacher collaboration tools. Smarter Balanced Supports: The Digital Library Created “by teachers, for teachers”, with some commissioned materials Assessment literacy modules Formative assessment process descriptions, exemplar instructional modules, vetted and rated instructional resources and professional learning resources Social media functionality allows teachers to rate materials and share their expertise with educators across the state or across the country 25

26 Scope, sequence, number, and timing of interim assessments locally determined INTERIM ASSESSMENT Computer Adaptive Interim Assessment System INTERIM ASSESSMENT PERFORMANCE TASKS ELA /Literacy Mathematics Re-take option available COMPUTER ADAPTIVE ASSESSMENT ELA/Literacy Mathematics 26 Computer Adaptive Interim Assessment System 12 week testing window Summative assessment for accountability Optional Interim assessment system. Smarter Balanced Assessment System English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics, Grades 3-8 and High School* Summative and interim assessments for grades 3 – 8 and 11, with ability for states to create additional assessments for grades 9, 10, and 12. DIGITAL LIBRARY of formative tools, processes and exemplars; model curriculum units; educator training; professional development tools and resources; and teacher collaboration tools.

27 Plans as of July 8, 2014, subject to change Summer 2014 Digital Library preview for teachers in all governing states (June through September) Fall 2014 Initial Achievement Level Setting performed Comprehensive Suite of Software Applications launched (Digital Library, Assessment Delivery, Item Banking, etc) Interim assessments available (late Fall) Spring 2015 Summative assessments available 27 Smarter Balanced: Timeline

28 Part Three Stimuli for the Development of Next Generation Assessments The Comprehensive Assessment Consortia PARCC Smarter Balanced Key Similarities and Differences in Designs and Approaches 28

29 Key Similarities SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENTS Online assessments for Grades 3-8 and high school, ELA/literacy and mathematics Use of a mix of item types including selected response, constructed response, technology- enhanced and complex performance tasks Two components, both given during final weeks of the school year Delivery supported on computers, laptops and tablets and a limited variety of operating systems 29

30 Key Similarities (cont.) OTHER ASSESSMENTS, RESOURCES, AND TOOLS Online practice tests by grade/course Optional diagnostic/interim tests Professional development modules Formative items/tasks for classroom use Online reporting suite Digital library for sharing vetted resources and tools State ownership and control of all individual student data, as is currently the case for state assessments 30

31 Key Differences 31 PARCCSmarter Balanced Grades Tested3 – 113 – 8 and 11 (SEAs can create tests for 9 10, and 12) End-Of-Year AssmtFixed formAdaptive Performance Tasks3 ELA/Literacy tasks 2 Mathematics testing sessions, multiple tasks 1 ELA/Literacy task 1 Mathematics task LanguagesTranslations provided with costs shared by States that need them Spanish, Vietnamese, Arabic, Tagalog/Ilokano, Cantonese, Mandarin, Korean, Punjabi, Russian, Ukrainian and American Sign Language Retest PolicyState decision, but Consortium will make available 1 retest for grades 3-8 and 3 for HS State/local decision, but consortium will make available 1 retest option for grades 3-8 and 11

32 Key Differences, continued PARCCSBAC Human ScoringSEA decision on trained educators vs. vendor Priority placed on teacher involvement, after training Test Delivery System Vendor’s system (TestNav) thru ; Then SEAs can manage/contract using PARCC delivery system; open-source system to follow Free open-source system made available, but states are to either manage or contract for delivery * Based on review conducted by the Michigan Department of Education and published in “Report on Options for Assessments Aligned to the Common Core State Standards”, Michigan Department of Education, December 1, 2013

33 Test Administration Windows and Projected Testing Time Grade PARCCSBAC From set of predetermined test windows, states/districts choose two (1 for PBA and one for EOY), each a max of 4 weeks One state-defined 12 week* window during which schools can schedule PBA and EOY (*window only 7 weeks for Grade 11) 38 hours 7 hours 4 9 hours 20 minutes hours 25 minutes7 hours 30 minutes hours 45 minutes State decision and design hours 55 minutes 8 hours 30 minutes

34 Performance Levels and Assessment and Reporting Claims PARCCSBAC Performance/ Achievement Levels 5 Levels4 Levels Claims ELA/ Literacy Overall Reading Claim Overall Writing Claim plus 2 sub- claims written expression knowledge of language and conventions Overall ELA Claim plus 4 sub- claims: Reading Writing Speaking and Listening Research/Inquiry Mathematics Overall Claim plus 5 sub-claims: major content additional and supporting content reasoning modeling fluency (grades 3-6) Overall Claim plus 4 sub- claims: Concepts and Procedures Problem Solving Communicating Reasoning Modeling and Data Analysis

35 Current Memberships and Initial Costs PARCC Smarter Balanced 14 states and DC (IN and PA not active) 22 states (PA not active) Total Per Pupil Cost for Online Summative Assessments in ELA/Literacy and Mathematics $24.00 Includes test delivery and central scoring for , Excludes local technology and bandwidth costs $22.50 Includes estimated costs for test delivery and scoring, Excludes local technology and bandwidth costs Paper and Pencil versionApprox. $34.00Approx. $33.50 Additional Per Pupil Cost for Optional System Components TBD Summer 2014 $

36 Thank you. Pascal (Pat) D. Forgione, Jr., Ph.D. Distinguished Presidential Scholar and Executive Director Center for K-12 Assessment & Performance Management at ETS 701 Brazos Street, Suite 500 Austin, TX Nancy Doorey Director of Programs Wilmington, DE


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