2 What are the characteristics of your program? GoalsWhat are the characteristics of your program?
3 What are the characteristics of your program? GoalsWhat are the characteristics of your program?Help students to become enthusiastic scientistsChallenge students to learn the scientific method and scientific principles through experienceGive students the opportunity to communicate what they have learned to others.Other………………………………..
4 Who will Participate? Will you allow Team Projects? GoalsWho will Participate? Will you allow Team Projects?
5 What are you students’ interests? Ask a QuestionFinding a Topic IdeaImagine if someone offered you the answer to any question that’s ever perplexed you, however big or small. That’s exactly the opportunity science fairs give you – the freedom and power to explore almost any curiosity you’ve ever had, and to do it on your own. (Of course, your friends, teachers and parents are there to help. You might even decide to tag-team a project with a friend.)The first major decision to make is yours:What topic will you take on?Where will you channel your passion?Will you pick a topic dominating news headlines?Or maybe you’ll choose something you’re totally clueless about, to truly challenge yourself.The bottom line is that your future in science fairs is wide open.What are you students’ interests?
6 Choosing the topic/question… What do you want to study or learn about?What are your areas of interest? Hobbies?What is going on in the world around you that you want to learn more about? (home? school? work place? community?)What are the resources in your school and community?
7 Research your topic…Literature Review: Use science journals/internet/library to learn more about your topicSeek out adults, professionals that know about your topicLook for unexplained or unexpected resultsAsk why? What if?Identify a “testable” question.Can variable(s) be identified and tested against original set of conditionsCan the question/problem be completed in the amount of time allowed for the project?
8 Non Inquiry Based Research Not all areas of study are best served by scientific method….BE AWAREEngineering Projects – creating things that never wereDefine a need…How can I make this better?Develop or establish a design criteriaBackground research /literature search – what has already been done and what makes it good and what makes it weakPrepare preliminary designs and materials list. Include costs and user requirementsBuild and test a prototype. Consider reliability, repair and servicingRetest and redesign as necessary. Product testingComputer Science ProjectsCreating and/or writing new algorithms to solve a problem or improve existing oneSimulations, models or virtual reality are other areasMathematics ProjectsInvolves proofs, solving equationsMath is the language of science and used to explain existing phenomena or prove new concepts or ideas
9 Research Project Approval… FORMSDefine the question/problemTeacher approvalParent approvalWhat is the hypothesis and/or expected outcome(s)?Plan your experimental proceduresProcedure – detail all procedures and experimental design to be used for data collectionInclude all safety proceduresMust be a “controlled” experiment – one variable changed at a timeInclude sufficient numbers to be statistically validData Analysis – describe the procedures you will use to analyze the data/results that answer the research question(s)Include list of materialsBibliography –list at least 5 major resources from your literature reviewInclude resources used to develop experimental design and/or safety procedures
10 Required FORMS for competition… Checklist for Adult Sponsor (1) – pre-experimentAdult Sponsor/teacher carefully reviews the entire Research Plan and signs prior to experimentationCheck for additional PROTOCOL FORMS that might be needed to do the experimentStudent Checklist (1A)Student informationContinuation?Start and end datesWhere is experiment conducted?Approval Form (1B) – Student and Parent approvalUnderstand Possible dangersHAVE READ AND WILL FOLLOW THE RULES & GUIDELINESEthics statementSRC/IRB Approval if REQUIRED BEFORE EXPERIMENTATIONHuman SubjectsVertebratesPotentially Hazardous Biological Agents (PHBA’s)Hazardous Chemicals, Activities, and Devices (SSEF RULE)ATTACH COMPLETE Research Plan – Question/Hypothesis; procedures; BibliographyATTACH PROTOCOL FORMS if required
11 Conduct your experiment.. Log bookKeep detailed notes of measurements and observationsUse data tables or charts to record quantitative dataOriginal writingCould be used to PROVE what you actually did
12 Analyze Data Examine and organize your findings Make “pictures” (graphs)Identify patternsDid you get expected results? Why or why not?Was the experiment performed EXACTLY?Are there any other explanations not originally considered?Were there any data errors?Statistically analyze your data and be able to explain their meaning
13 Conclusions Did the variable(s) tested cause change when compared to the standard?What patterns did you see from graph analysis?Which variable(s) were important?Did you collect enough data?It’s ok if results do not support your hypothesisWere there errors that may have caused differences? If so, what?What are the practical applications of your research?How could this project be used in the real world?How would you improve the experiment and what would you do differently?
14 Formal Presentation of Research Abstract250 words on one pagePurpose of the experimentProcedures usedData and conclusionsResearch applicationsOfficial Form –
15 Formal Presentation of Research RESEARCH PAPERTitle Page and Table of ContentsIntroductionMaterials and MethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsReferences/Bibliography
16 Formal Presentation of Research VISUAL DISPLAYGood, scientific titlePhotographs – must be appropriate and citedOrganized – follows a sequenceEye-catching and NEATCorrectly presented and well-constructed
17 Formal Presentation of Research JUDGING INTERVIEWThe interview is the final determination of the student’s workIs it thorough – well-thought out researchHow much of thought and design is student’s own workWill determine if data was collected and analyzed correctlyHow did you come up with this idea?What was your role? What didn’t you do?What future plans do you have to continue research?What are the practical applications of your project?
18 Final Presentation of Research JUDGING INTERVIEWSpeak freely and confidently – KNOW your researchGreet the judge and introduce yourself – good first impressionAppearance, good manners, appropriate attire, and enthusiasm for what you are doing will impressRelax, smile and enjoy your timeJudges will encourage you in yourscientific efforts and future goalsin science