Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Characteristics of Psychological Tests."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 13 Characteristics of Psychological Tests
Ability of a test to given the same results under similar conditions.
Standard of comparison for test results developed by giving the test to large, well- defined groups of people
Requires, among other things, that the norm, or average score, made by a large group of people, be established.
Ranking of test scores that indicate the ratio of scores lower and higher than a given score.
Ability of test to measure what it is intended to measure.
If the score you receive on a test depends more on the grader than on you, the test has a problem with a.Interscorer reliability b.Predictive validity c.Split-half reliability d.Test-retest reliability
Answer: A Interscorer reliability
If every time you take a standardized test, your score varies widely, the test has a problem with a.Validity b.Interscorer reliability c.Test-retest reliability d.predictability
Answer: C Test-retest Reliability
One of the major ways of measuring __is to determine how well a test predicts performance. a.Test reliability b.Test validity c.Test standardization d.Test norms
Answer: A Split-half reliability
Tests that are administered or scored in an inconsistent manner are not a.Reliable b.Valid c.Standardized d.normal
Standardized measure of intelligence based on a scale in which 100 is average
Includes four major aspects of interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligences
Proposes that intelligence is composed of a general ability level and specific mental abilities
Proposes that intelligence involves analytical, creative, and practical skills
Aspect of an intelligence test in which the wording used in questions may be more familiar to people of one social group than to another group
Which of the following intelligence theorists believed that a measure of intelligence needed to include seven primary mental abilities? a.Charles Spearman b.L.L. Thurstone c.Howard Gardner d.Robert Sternberg
B - L.L. Thurstone
Critics argue that emotional intelligence is simply a measurement of a.Personal growth b.Common sense c.Extraversion d.introversion
Answer: C Extraversion
The s factor in Charles Spearman’s theory of intelligence represents a.Specific mental abilities b.Spatial comprehension c.Problem-solving ability d.Situational intelligence
Answer: A Specific mental abilities
According to Howard Gardner, the type of intelligence involving skill at fine motor movements is a.Spatial ability b.Logical-mathmatical skills c.Body-kinesthetic skills d.Naturalist intelligence
Answer: C Body-kinesthetic ability
The ___was originally developed to identify “slow learners”. a.Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale b.Myers-Briggs personality test c.Wechsler-Adult Intelligence Scale d.Multiple Intelligences test
Answer: A Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
Difficulty of questions is changed by computer as it tailors the test to the individual’s performance
Innate ability or talent
Estimates the probability that a person will be successful in learning a specific new skill
Measures a person’s preferences, attitudes, and interests in a wide variety of activities.
Both the ACT and SAT measure a.Aptitude b.Achievement c.Interest d.learning
Answer: A Aptitude
Achievement tests are assessed primarily on their a.Content reliability b.Predictive validity c.Content validity d.Predictive reliability
Answer: C Content validity
Which of the following aptitude tests comprises nine different tests, ranging from vocabulary to manual dexterity? a.Scholastic Assessment Test b.American College Test c.Differential Aptitude Test d.General Aptitude Test Battery
Answer; D General Aptitude Test Battery
To help find a career that you will like, you should take a.The SAT b.An interest inventory c.An achievement test d.An aptitude test
Answer: B Interest inventory
Test that uses ink blots to assess personality
Test that includes 10 clinical scales
Unstructured test in which the person is asked to respond freely
A forced-choice test in which a person must select one of several answers.
A test that assesses an individual’s characteristics and identifies problems.
Which of the following is used to assess the “normal person” but does not reveal psychiatric illnesses? a.Myers-Briggs test b.TAT c.CPI d.MMPI-2
Answer: C CPI
The ___was originally developed to help diagnos psychiatric disorders? a.MMPI b.Myers-Briggs test c.Rorschach test d.TAT