Presentation on theme: "The Nexus Explored: A Generalised Model of Learning Styles"— Presentation transcript:
1The Nexus Explored: A Generalised Model of Learning Styles Damian Gordon, Gordon Bulle-Learning Research Group,School of Computing,Dublin Institute of Technology,Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland.
2Overview What is a Learning Style ? Criticisms of Learning Styles Equivalence of Martinez and MBTIThe Four-Dimensional Leaning StyleGordon-Bull MetaModelAddressing the CriticismsQuestions ???
3Introduction Looking at learning styles a strength or preferenceBuild into a Virtual Learning EnvironmentWhich model of Learning Styles to use ?Are there ‘core’ or fundamental dimensions of all of these models ?
4What is Learning Style ?the composite of characteristic cognitive, affective, and physiological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives, interacts with, and responds to the learning environment Keefe (1979)a consistent pattern of behaviour within a range of individual variability (Cornet, 1983);a student's consistent way of responding to and using stimuli in a learning environment (Claxton & Ralston, 1978);how individuals process information and prefer to learn (Garity, 1985);the way individuals organise information and experiences (Laschinger & Boss, 1984) and;an expression of psychological differentiation within characteristic modes of information processing (Witkin & Goodenough, 1971, 1981).
5Criticisms of Learning Styles Lack of stability over timeLack of stability over skillsLeads to stereotyping
9E N S Extraversion Introversion Intuition Sensing Feeling F T Thinking MBTIExtraversionEIntroversionIIntuitionNSensingSFeelingFTThinkingPerceptivePJJudging
10E N S F T P J Clear Objectives I Discovery Learning What Must be Known MBTISmall groupExercisesEChunks ofInformationIDiscoveryLearningNWhat Mustbe KnownSSmall groupExercisesFTClearObjectivesAlways seekingmore InformationPJLectures& Essays
18Keirsey Temperament Sorter Whatever their field, Rationals set out to comprehend the natural world in all its complexity.Guardians are sensible, down-to-earth people who are the backbone of institutions and the true stabilisers of society.Idealists believe that friendly co-operation is the best way for people to achieve their goals. They dream of removing the walls of conflict and selfishness that divide peopleArtisans are most at home in the external world of solid objects that can be made and manipulated, and of real-life events that can be experienced in the here and now.
20Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory Theorists/Assimilator: Like case studies, theory readings, and thinking alone. Their strengths lie in their ability to create theoretical models.Pragmatists/Convergers: peer feedback; activities that apply skills; self-directed autonomous learner. The pragmatist's greatest strength is in the practical application of idea.Activists/Accomadators: like practising the skill, problem solving, small group discussions, peer feedback; trainer should be a model of a professional, leaving the learner to determine her own criteria for relevance of materials.Reflectors/Divergers: like lectures with plenty of reflection time; trainer should provide expert interpretation - taskmaster/guide; judge performance by external criteria. Their strengths lie in an imaginative ability.
27Resistant Learners(Like the Avoidant dimension in the Grasha-Riechmann Model)1. they may lack the ICT skills to interact effectively with e-Learning materials,2. they may lack the self-confidence to use ICTs effectively, or3. they may not wish to participate in the learning experience because they are apathetic, frustrated, unable, discouraged or disobedient.
29Evolutionary Models Lewin's Cycle Saljo's Conceptions of Learning Bloom's TaxonomyGagne’s Conditions of Learning
30Criticisms of Learning Styles Lack of stability over timeLack of stability over skillsLeads to stereotyping
31Criticisms of Learning Styles Lack of stability over timeNeed to retest: Evolutionary ModelsLack of stability over skillsLeads to stereotyping
32Criticisms of Learning Styles Lack of stability over timeNeed to retest: Evolutionary ModelsLack of stability over skillsNeed to retest: With different testsLeads to stereotyping
33Criticisms of Learning Styles Lack of stability over timeNeed to retest: Evolutionary ModelsLack of stability over skillsNeed to retest: With different testsLeads to stereotypingTechnological Solution ??Educate Learners and teachers