Presentation on theme: "What Is Counseling Psychology?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What Is Counseling Psychology? A Brief Description of the Discipline and Comparison to Other Psychology Professions
2 In This Presentation, You Will … Learn more about counseling psychologyDevelop an understanding of the differences and similarities between counseling psychology and other psychology disciplinesGain information to help you make informed decisions regarding your career path
3 Counseling Psychology Is One Specialty in Professional Psychology According to the website of the Society of Counseling Psychology, “Counseling psychology as a psychological specialty facilitates personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span with a focus on emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns” (www.div17.org)Counseling psychology is a broad and diverse discipline within mental health careCan lead to many different careers
4 Psychology Is Very Broad There are many different subfields of psychology:Counseling Psychology,Clinical Psychology,Cognitive Psychology,Developmental Psychology,Experimental PsychologyForensic Psychology,Health Psychology,Industrial/Organizational Psychology,Neuropsychology,School Psychology,Social Psychology,Sport Psychology,the list goes on and on …Additionally, the type of degree earned can differ:Ph.D., Ed.D., Psy.D., M.S., M.A.
5 Scientist-Practitioner Model Counseling psychologists are usually trained to be scientists as well as professional practitionersLearn how to understand and conduct scientific researchLearn how to conduct therapyDoctoral level degree is required to be a counseling psychologist in the United States (e.g., Ph.D., Psy.D., Ed.D. )*Note. Models of training may soon be eliminated in favor of competencies.Source: Gelso & Fretz, 2001
6 Becoming a Counseling Psychologist Typical Requirements to Become a Counseling PsychologistTypical Components of Doctoral Programs in Counseling PsychologyGraduate SchoolFull-time study in a doctoral program (Post Bachelor’s Degree or Post Master’s Degree)Post-doctoral trainingNot required in all statesLicensureMust pass nationally- administered examinationMust meet state requirements, including state policies for psychologistsCourse workPracticaComprehensive exams (i.e., doctoral qualifying exams)InternshipDissertation
7 What Do Counseling Psychologists Do? The majority of counseling psychologists have described their primary role as either a clinical practitioner (working with clients) or an academician (faculty member at a college or university; Watkins et al., 1986).However, many counseling psychologists participate in a wide range of activities (www.div17.org):Psychotherapeutic and Counseling PracticeTeachingResearchCareer DevelopmentTesting, Assessment, and EvaluationSupervisionConsultationAdministrative ActivitiesFacilitate social justice, diversity, and multicultural agendas and initiatives
8 Where Do Counseling Psychologists Typically Work? Setting%College or University (Faculty Member)35.2Independent Practice20.1College or University Counseling Center17.2Hospital7.4Clinic4.4Human Services (nursing home, rehab facility, etc.)4.2Government (military, government, criminal justice system)2.1School/Education SettingMedical School1.7Business and Industry0.9Other4.5Source: Gelso & Fretz, 2001 (Based on the 1995 APA Directory Survey)
9 Counseling Psychology Trends May be likely to work with clients who are closer to the “normal” range of functioningThis is not always the case, as many counseling psychologists work with clients with more “severe” psychopathologyFocus on strengths instead of a focus on psychopathology onlyMay focus on taking clients past normal functioning to an “optimal” level of functioningFocus on early intervention and prevention efforts, setting counseling psychology apart from many other disciplinesSources: Gelso & Fretz, 2001, & Society of Counseling Psychology Website
10 Counseling Psychology Trends Focus on career-related issuesVocational choice and development are often studiedOften work with clients who have problems in the career realmPlace an emphasis on multicultural research, practice, and trainingThe role of culture in therapy and in society is exploredPlace an emphasis on social justice issuesSources: Gelso & Fretz, 2001, & Society of Counseling Psychology Website
11 Counseling Psychology vs. Related Disciplines Clinical PsychologyCommunity PsychologyThere is much overlap between counseling and clinical psychologyMore emphasis on psychopathology in clinical psychologyFocuses on person-environment interactionsMoves beyond the individual and examines community settingsNot likely to involve direct counseling / therapySource: Gelso & Fretz, 2001
12 Counseling Psychology vs. Related Disciplines PsychiatryMedical doctorPrescribes medicationMay conduct psychotherapy, but much less commonSchool PsychologyPrimarily work with children in schoolsIndustrial/Organizational Psychology (I/O Psychology)The study of behavior in work settingsPsychiatric Social WorkConduct counseling (Master’s or Doctoral level)Mental Health CounselingMarriage and Family TherapySource: Gelso & Fretz, 2001
13 In ConclusionCounseling psychology is a very broad degree that can lead to employment in many different settings.Although this PowerPoint may be a good starting point, you will probably need to learn more in order to determine if earning a degree in counseling psychology is the best fit for you.
14 For More Information On Counseling Psychology Student Affiliates of Seventeen (SAS) Website:Division of Counseling Psychology websiteLook for resources under the “Student” subheading.List of APA Accredited Counseling Psychology Programs:cred-counseling.aspx
15 References and Additional Resources: Fitzgerald, L. F., & Osipow, S. H. (1986). An occupational analysis of counseling psychology: How special is the specialty? American Psychologist, 41,Gelso, C., & Fretz, B. (2001). Counseling psychology (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Norcross, J. C., Sayette, M. A., Mayne, T. J., Karg, R. S., & Turkson, M. A. (1998). Selecting a doctoral program in professional psychology: Some comparisons among PhD counseling, PhD clinical, and PsyD clinical psychology programs. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29,Norcross, J. C. (2000). Clinical psychology vs. counseling psychology: What’s the diff? Eye on Psi Chi, 5(1),Society of Counseling Psychology (2010). Society of counseling psychology, division 17. Retrieved fromWatkins, C. E. (1983). Counseling psychology versus clinical psychology: Further explorations on a theme or once more around the "identity“ maypole with gusto. The Counseling Psychologist, 11,Watkins, C. E., Lopez, F. G., Campbell, V. L., & Himmell, C. D. (1986). Counseling psychology and clinical psychology: Some preliminary comparative data. American Psychologist, 41,Watkins, C. E., Lopez, F. G., Campbell, V. L., & Himmel, C. D. (1986). Contemporary counseling psychology: Results of a national survey. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33,