Presentation on theme: "LICENSURE AND INTERNSHIP TRAINING APPIC Austin, TX May 2, 2014 Carol Webb, PhD and Sharon Lightfoot, PhD."— Presentation transcript:
LICENSURE AND INTERNSHIP TRAINING APPIC Austin, TX May 2, 2014 Carol Webb, PhD and Sharon Lightfoot, PhD
LEARNING OBJECTIVES Identify significant elements of the EPPP Explain how the ASPPB Mobility Programs (PLUS, CPQ, Credentials Bank…) can facilitate licensing Summarize current ASPPB initiatives in competency assessment
ASSOCIATION OF STATE AND PROVINCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BOARDS (ASPPB) State/provincial/territorial psychology regulatory boards/colleges in the United States and Canada 64 member jurisdictions Services to licensing boards, applicants for licensure/registration, licensed psychologists The international source of information and resources for the regulation and licensure/registration of psychologists
ASPPB Develops and maintains the Examination for Professional Practice of Psychology (EPPP) Facilitates professional mobility for already licensed psychologists through several programs, CPQ, IPC, Credentials Bank Has developed a universal application for licensure: PLUS Psychology Licensure Universal System A number of other projects including Maintenance of Competence and Licensure, Competency Assessment, Telepsychology Guidelines
THE EXAMINATION FOR PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE IN PSYCHOLOGY (EPPP) EPPP used in 53 US / 9 Canadian Jurisdictions Owned by ASPPB Purpose to examine a candidate’s breadth and depth of knowledge of the profession of psychology: 1) biological bases (12%); 2) cognitive-affective (13%); 3) social and cultural (12%); 4) growth and lifespan development (12%); 5) assessment and diagnosis (14%); 6) treatment, intervention and prevention (14%); 7) research and statistics (8%); 8) ethical/legal/professional issues (15%)
EPPP Four Forms of the EPPP are in use at any given time Two new forms added and two retired each year 225 item multiple choice test computer administered throughout the year Validated and updated by periodic Practice Analysis (PA) PA surveyed 1180 newly licensed and experienced psychologists seeking their views on the frequency of knowledge used, the importance of the knowledge to their practice and critical nature of the knowledge protecting the public from harm.
EPPP Candidate demographic data are collected Since 2007, ASPPB reports pass rates for demographic categories and academic programs – available on line www.asppb.net
EPPP DATA Schaffer, J.B., Rodolfa, E., Owen, J., Lipkins, R,. Webb, C. & Horn, J. (2012). The examination for professional practice in psychology: New data – practical implications. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 6 (1), 1-7.
SAMPLE AND PROCEDURE 7,402 Doctoral Candidates: over a 2 year period 75% Female; 25% Male 48% PsyD; 51% PhD; 1% EdD or other Candidates for licensure filled out a demographic questionnaire on a variety of characteristics. EPPP scores for candidates
RESULTS: GENERAL PASS RATES 72% of all candidates received passing scores 82% first time test-takers passed Negative relationship between length of time since completion of degree and pass rate Study for the EPPP – 199 hours levels off It does not appear that how you study significantly matters….just systematically study
RESULTS: TRAINING VARIABLES PhD – 82%; PsyD – 69% Type of Training Program 87% - Clinical Neuropsych (167) 86% - Clinical Child and Adolescent (391) 79% - Counseling (852) 78% - School (317) 76% - Clinical (5028) 73% - Clinical Health (154) 48% - Forensic (114)
RESULTS: ACCREDITATION STATUS 78% APA/CPA Academic Program (6320) 58% Non APA/CPA Academic Program (905) 82% APA/CPA accredited Internship (4750) 68% Non APA/CPA accredited Internship (1891) 59% No Internship (175)
RESULTS: MULTIVARIATE FINDINGS First time test takers were far more likely to pass than repeat test takers PhD test takers were more likely to pass than PsyD/EdD More variability in PsyD programs but 13 PsyD programs were largest contributors to failure rates
CONCLUSION STUDY: Study for the EPPP….more than 200 hours and students may have diminishing returns. Time studying is more important than method studying Take the EPPP soon after graduation. Most jurisdictions allow applicants to take the EPPP upon completion of degree. Go to accredited graduate program and accredited internship
ASPPB MOBILITY PROGRAMS PLUS CPQ Credentials Bank
WHAT IS THE PLUS? The Psychology Licensure Universal System, or “PLUS” is an online system designed to allow individuals to apply for licensure, certification, or registration in any state, province, or territory in the United States or Canada currently participating in the PLUS program. Application materials are electronically stored in the ASPPB Credentials Bank and can be retrieved at any time upon the individuals request.
HOW IT WORKS The applicant contacts the licensing board directly. Licensing board provides ASPPB with contact information for eligible applicants The applicant will be contacted by ASPPB to begin the PLUS application.
HOW IT WORKS Supporting documents (transcripts, etc.) are received by ASPPB and forwarded to the licensing board as part of the completed application package Forms requiring completion by program directors, internship sites, etc. are electronically sent directly to the source for completion, and returned directly to ASPPB
HOW IT WORKS Once all information is gathered and primary sourced verified, a complete electronic packet of information will be sent directly to the licensing board’s database. Primary Source Verification: PSV of a practitioner’s credentials is based upon evidence obtained from the issuing source of the credential. Meets the highest standards. ASPPB staff call TD’s to confirm the information provided to ASPPB is what the TD signed. Takes 2 minutes if the information on the form is correct.
WHAT MAKES UP A PLUS RECORD? A completed PLUS application packet contains: o Demographics o Transcript o Supervision History o Practicum o Internship o Post-doctoral o Exam Information o Work History o All Supporting Documents
PLUS CURRENT STATUS PLUS is being used in the following jurisdictions: Oklahoma Mississippi Nevada North Dakota Texas New Hampshire Set to start in GeorgiaJuly 1, 2014
PLUS CURRENT STATUS: Jurisdictions who are in process with PLUS are: Washington New Mexico Utah Jurisdictions who are in the initial phase of processing with PLUS are: Pennsylvania California Arizona Ohio Nova Scotia Manitoba
PLUS CURRENT STATUS: Jurisdictions who have expressed interest in the PLUS are: Florida Indiana Louisiana Minnesota Oregon Rhode Island Virginia
ASPPB MOBILITY PROGRAMS: CPQ CPQ Certificate of Professional Qualification Mobility mechanism designed to facilitate professional mobility from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Includes credentials bank storage.
CPQ Requires review of education and supervised experience documentation 5 years work experience Verification of passing the EPPP No discipline Now accepted or recognized in 52 jurisdictions In process of being accepted in 3 jurisdictions
ASPPB MOBILITY PROGRAM: CREDENTIALS BANK Electronically Stored record of: University transcripts Supervised experience Work experience Examination Performance Reference letters ASPPB provides electronic storage and retrieval of these documents. Can be used for PLUS and CPQ at individuals request. AND 26
CREDENTIALS BANK IT’S FREE FOR STUDENTS AND TRAINEES TO OPEN A CREDENTIALS BANK FILE
COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT ASPPB Task Force created 2010. Task Force Members: Emil R. Rodolfa, Ph.D., Chair Jeff Baker, Ph.D. Stephen T. DeMers, Ed.D. Amy Hilson, CAE (ASPPB Staff) Don Meck, Ph.D. Jack B. Schaffer, Ph.D., ABPP Matt Turner, Ed.D. (ASPPB Staff) Sheila Woody, Ph.D. Carol Webb, Ph.D.
Professional competence is the integrated use of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that are necessary to ensure the protection of the public in the professional practice of psychology. Competency ensures that a professional is capable of practicing the profession safely and effectively. 29 2013 CATF Report to Board (Rodolfa et al., 2005, p. 349)
THE MOST USEFUL RESOURCE WAS THE WORK DONE AND REPORTED BY THE PRACTICE ANALYSIS TASK FORCE 30 Report submitted in 2010 On the ASPPB Website www.asppb.net
EPPP The Practice Analysis examined a competency model, similar to the Benchmarks model Scientific Knowledge Base Evidence-Based Decision Making/Critical Reasoning Cultural and Interpersonal Professionalism/Ethics Assessment Intervention/Supervision/Consultation And examined psychologists views about assessing these competencies similar to the Toolkit framework
ASPPB PA COMPETENCY MODEL REVISED BY THE CATF Six Competency Clusters (32 competencies; 97 Behavioral Exemplars) Scientific Orientation (6 Competencies; 16 Behav Exem) Professional Practice (13 Competencies; 36 Behav Exem) Assessment, Intervention, Consultation, Supervision/Training Relational Competence (4 Competencies; 14 Behav Exem) Diversity, Relationships Professionalism (2 Competencies; 8 Behav Exem) Personal Competence, Reflective Practice 32
ASPPB PA COMPETENCY MODEL REVISED BY THE CATF (C0NT) Ethical Practice (4 Competencies; 14 Behav Exem) Application of Code, Application of Laws, Ethical Decision Making Systems Thinking (3 Competencies; 9 Behav Exem) Organizations, Interdisciplinary Collaborations
CATF COMPETENCY SURVEY OF ASPPB MEMBERS 34 70 Respondents 48 Jurisdictions (42/6) (Almost 75% of the ASPPB Membership)
CATF COMPETENCY SURVEY OF ASPPB MEMBERS 35 Asked 2 questions: 1.Are entry-level licensees/registrants expected to possess this behavior? 2.Is this behavior critical to protecting the patient/client/public from harm?
CATF COMPETENCY SURVEY OF APPIC MEMBERS AND SUBSCRIBERS 209 Total Respondents 76 DCT’s 94 Internship TD’s 27 Internship and Postdoc TD’s 12 Postdoc TD’s
CATF COMPETENCY SURVEY OF APPIC MEMBERS AND SUBSCRIBERS Asked at what point in the sequence of training is a trainee expected to have acquired the specific competency and behavioral exemplar At the end of internship At the end of postdoc Post licensure
ASPPB AND APPIC SURVEYS Results indicate strong support for the competencies identified as the ASPPB competencies. Competencies related to licensure Strong congruence (PA, Regulators, TD’s) that supervision is not a competency expected at the point of licensure
2014 ASPPB COMPETENCIES Scientific Orientation Professional Practice Relational competence Professionalism Ethical practice Systems thinking
ASPPB: COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT Assessment Strategies: Only license applicants from APA/CPA accredited programs “The Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB) endorses the position that graduation from an APA/CPA accredited program should be a minimum requirement for doctoral level licensure for health service providers.” Enhance Supervisor Evaluation Strategies CATF is working on this
ASPPB: COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT Develop a computer based competency assessment exam The EPPP Part 2 Using a variety of innovative item types including case scenarios, short answer, multiple response, sequencing questions Using a variety of modalities including written, audio and video Eventually may develop the EPPP Part 3 In Person testing using standardized patients
THE ASPPB COMPETENCY PYRAMID (MILLER, 1990) 43
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