Presentation on theme: "The Role of Athletic Trainers"— Presentation transcript:
1The Role of Athletic Trainers HISTORYThe Role of Athletic Trainers
2What is Sports Medicine? GOALSKnow who we are & what we doKnow what areas we work inKnow the sports medicine team
3What is Sports Medicine? The areas of specialization under the umbrella of Sports Medicine is broken into two parts – Performance Enhancement and Injury Care and Management.
4What is Sports Medicine? Performance enhancementExercise PhysiologyBiomechanicsSports PsychologySports NutritionStrength and ConditioningCoachingPersonal Fitness Trainers
5Sports Medicine Injury Care and Management Practice of Medicine (physician)Athletic TrainingSports Physical TherapySports Massage TherapySports DentistryOsteopathic MedicineOrthotists/ProsthetistsSports ChiropracticSports Podiatry
7What is Athletic Training? NATA – founded in 1950Governing boardRecognizing the need for a set of professional standards and appropriate professional recognition, the NATA has helped to unify certified athletic trainers across the country by setting a standard for professionalism, education, certification, research and practice settings.The NATA is headquartered in Indianapolis, IN. The association has expanded to encompass a global membership totaling over 32,000 and 25 countries.Advisory Board of Athletic TrainersTexas governing board
9What is Sports Medicine? Other Organizations:Recognized by the AMA (American Medical Assoc.)ACSM – American College of Sports MedicineAOSSM – American Orthopaedic Society for Sports MedicineAPTA – American Physical Therapy AssociationNSCA – National Strength and Conditioning Association
10Athletic Training job market Secondary SchoolsCollege/UniversitiesOlympic sports – winter & SummerProfessional sportsFootball, Basketball, Baseball, Hockey, SoccerNASCAR, X Games,Golf, Tennis, RodeoClinicsPT and Physician extendersIndustrial/corporate settingsMilitaryDepartment of Homeland SecurityPerforming Arts
11Board Certification Domains of Athletic Training In 2004 the Board of Certification – which covers many health fields -finished a role delineation study that identified six roles that the athletic trainer covers.
12Board Certification Domains of Athletic Training 6 Performance domains of athletic trainingPrevention of athletic injuriesClinical evaluation and assessmentImmediate CareTreatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioningOrganization and administrationProfessional development and responsibility
13Domain 1: Prevention Physical exams Developing training and conditioning programsEnsuring safe environment,Selecting/fitting/maintaining protective equipmentConsulting and guidance with diet and lifestyle choicesusing medications appropriately.
14Domain 2: Clinical Evaluation & Diagnosis Medical historyObservationPalpationROM and strength testSpecial tests, joint stability testsUnderstanding the pathology of injury and illnessreferral to appropriate medical careReferring to support services
15Domain 3: Immediate Care Responsible for on-field evaluationMust have sound skills for initial recognition of potential serious injuries and/or illnessesResponsible for correct decision for proper acute injury managementMust have skills to take care of emergency care
16Domain 4: Treatment, Rehabilitation, and Reconditioning Designing rehabilitation programsMust have sound knowledge in anatomy to help evaluate the injury correctly and build the proper program.Supervising rehabilitation programsMust have a very good understanding of the healing process of the many tissues in the body.Incorporating therapeutic modalitiesOffering psychosocial interventionMust have a good understanding of psychologyAthletes go through a wide range of emotions during and after an injury.Athletes have different pain thresholds, cooperation, motivations
17Domain 5: Organization & Administration Record keepingPre-participation physicals and Emergency cardsInjury reportsTreatment and Rehabilitation reportsInsuranceOrdering supplies and equipmentSupervising assistants and studentsEstablishing policiesStudent athletic trainer policiesDay to day operationsEmergency management
18Domain 6: Professional responsibilities Continuing educationAlways learning – never know enoughCounselorInforming parents of injuriesPrevention educationResearcherResearch helps us do our job better – many colleges hire athletic trainers to do research.Most if not all decisions we make for our athletes is done off evidence-based medicineWe have supported literature to help base our decisions
19Qualities an AT must possess - stamina- difficult job- long hours- ability to adapt- practice schedules, game changes- environment- empathy- the capacity to enter into the feeling or spirit ofanother person.- sense of humor- helps lighten mood in tense situations- help relieve stress- ranked most important by patients- ability to communicate- good communication skills key in dealing with many types of entities – parents,coaches, administrators, athletes- intellectual curiosity- always learning – there is always something new out there or a better way todo something- ethics- must always act with the highest standards
20The Sports Medicine Team UrologistCardiologistCoachTeam DentistAllergistAthletic TrainerPhysical TherapistNeurologistAthleteRegistered DietitianEquipment ManagerTeam PhysicianPrimary Care PhysicianPodiatristParentChiropractorUrologist
21National Athletic Training Certification - Requirements College students must enter a program that is CAATE certified.18 programs in Texas (16 undergraduate, 2 entry-level master)TCU, UTA, UT, TTU, Baylor, Texas State to name a fewWebsite for CAATE
22CAATE programs 12 area that you will master by the time you graduate Risk management and injury preventionPathology of injuries and illnessesOrthopedic clinical examination and diagnosesMedical conditions and disabilitiesAcute care of injuries and illnessesTherapeutic modalitiesConditioning and rehabilitative exercisePharmacologyPsychosocial intervention and referralNutritional aspects of injuries and illnessesHealth care administrationProfessional development and responsibility
23Certification Complete CAATE program Proof of graduation from school Endorsement from CAATE programCPR/first aid certifiedPass certification test
24State Licensure45 states have some type of licensure, registration, certification at the state level to protect athletic trainers.32 states have licensureLicensure the most restrictive (which is good)For licensure you must meet a minimum level of requirements to work in the state or you cannot practice as an athletic trainerSome use there own test; some use the BOC testTexas has there own testPassing test does not allow you to work outside the state of Texas
25Review/Clinical application exercises An athletic trainer has taken a job working in a sports medicine clinic that has four physical therapists and two PTA’s. The clinic has never employed an AT before, and there is uncertainty among the PT’s as to exactly the role the athletic trainer will play in the function of the clinicHow does the role of the athletic trainer working in a clinic differ from the responsibilities of the athletic trainer working in a university or secondary setting?
26Clinical application exercise #2 A high school is looking into hiring there first athletic trainer. However the administrators do not completely understand why an athletic trainer may be more beneficial for their athletes than an EMT.What reasons should the local athletic trainers use to persuade the administrators to hire one at their school?
27Clinical application exercise #3 A basketball player suffers a grade 2 ankle sprain – after 3 weeks of rehab most of the pain and swelling has been eliminated. The athlete is anxious to get back and subsequent injuries to teammates have placed pressure on the coach to want the player back quickly. Unfortunately the player is still unable to perform basketball skills, cutting and jumping.Who is responsible for making the decision regarding when the athlete can fully return to practice and game situations?
28Clinical application exercise #4 A young athletic trainer has just taken their first job at a high school, the school administrators are concerned about the number of athletes who get hurt playing various sports. They have charged the athletic trainer with the task of developing a program that can effectively help prevent of injury to athletes in all sports at the school.What actions can the athletic trainer take to reduce the number of injuries and to minimize the risk of injury in competitive athletes at the school?
29Clinical application exercise #5 A second semester college sophomore has decided that she is interested in becoming a certified athletic trainer. She happens to attend a school that has an advanced level athletic training but not a entry level program.How can this student effectively achieve her goal of becoming a certified athletic trainer?
30Clinical application exercise #6 A certified athletic trainer moves to a different state to take a new job. She discovers that in that state the ATC must be licensed to practice athletic training.Since she was registered as an athletic trainer in the other state she wonders if she must go through the process of getting a license in her new state?