The Concept of Community Health Objectives –The goal of the world community is to protect and promote the health of all people of the world. –Challenges of translating this global goal into action include understanding the many physical, biological, social, and behavioral factors that influence the health of individuals and communities and the challenge of changing human behavior.
The Concept of Community Healthy People in Healthy Communities –Many nutrition-related activities are essential to this initiative because four of the leading causes of death in the United States are related to dietary imbalance and excess. Coronary heart disease. Some types of cancer. Stroke. Diabetes mellitus
The Concept of Community Healthy People 2010: Progress Report –The average life expectancy at birth is 77 years, and death rates for heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer have declined. –Health disparities remain evident among Americans, with significant differences between whites and minorities in mortality, morbidity, health insurance coverage, and the use of health services.
Community Nutrition Practice Community nutritionists have numerous job responsibilities although there are common themes that emerge. –Data gathering about the community itself or about the people who use or implement community-based programs or services. –Issues involving policy, program management, and how to use scarce resources. –Determining whether nutrition programs and services are reaching the right audience with the right messages and having the desired effect.
Community Nutrition Practice Educational Requirements –Minimum requirements include a bachelor’s degree in community nutrition, foods and nutrition, or dietetics from an accredited college or university. –Most community positions require registration as a dietitian by the American Dietetic Association.
Entrepreneurship in Community Nutrition Entrepreneurship is the creation of something of value through the creation of organization. Organization refers to the orchestration of the materials, people, and capital required to deliver a product or service.
Social and Economic Trends for Community Nutrition Increasing Demands for Nutrition and Health Care Services Increasing Ethnic Diversity Challenges of the Twenty-First Century Lifestyle –The World Health Organization describes obesity as “an escalating epidemic” and one of the greatest neglected public health problems of our time.