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1 © 2008 ACCME CME as a Bridge To Quality Presentation to [type here to replace this text]

2 © 2008 ACCME ACCME Board of Directors R. Russell Thomas, Jr., DO, MPH Chair Barbara E. Barnes, MD Vice-Chair Susan Bailey, MD Treasurer Arnold Berry, MD, MPH S. Kalani Brady, MD Peter Coggan, MD, MSEd Claudette Dalton, MD Jerilyn Glass, MD, PhD Federal Government Ruth Horowitz, PhD Public James Liljestrand, MD John D. Marler, Jr., PhD Karla Matteson, PhD Debra G. Perina, MD William W. Pinsky, MD Henry Pohl, MD Harold J. Sauer, MD Susan Spaulding, Public Ronald Wade, MD Sterling Williams, MA, MD

3 © 2008 ACCME ACCME Member Organizations American Board of Medical Specialties American Hospital Association American Medical Association Association for Hospital Medical Education Association of American Medical Colleges Council of Medical Specialty Societies Federation of State Medical Boards of the US, Inc.

4 © 2008 ACCME Bridging the Gap “It is not realistic to think one can solve all the problems in health care delivery. None of the popular models for improving clinical performance appear superior… therefore bridges must be built and models must be integrated to be truly effective.” In Building Bridges to Quality, Grol, JAMA, 2001;286:

5 © 2008 ACCME ACCME’s Role Accredited CME is an essential component of continuing physician professional development in the eyes of the ACCME member organizations For almost 30 years, the ACCME system for accredited continuing medical education has provided standards, criteria, and policies that define what it means to be a provider of CME

6 © 2008 ACCME ACCME Recognizes… US health care is at a crossroads and Accredited CME is being asked to provide solutions. It is a critical time for CME to address the competency and performance gaps of physicians…

7 © 2008 ACCME Gaps are Evident “All adults in the United States are at risk for receiving poor health care, no matter where they live; why, where, and from whom they seek care; or what their race, gender, or financial status is.” Rand, 2006 National Report Card

8 © 2008 ACCME Accredited CME Connects current practice to best practice Is one of our nation’s strategic assets for improving care Is an important partner for change to your physicians and your community of practice An essential link between the life-long learning of physicians and State and Federal requirements for physician licensure and Maintenance of Certification™

9 © 2008 ACCME You Need to Understand Your stakeholders need to understand just how important this role of CME is to the healthcare mission of your organization It is a critical time for CME to make absolutely sure that it is widely known what CME, – is doing – will be doing – is capable of doing

10 © 2008 ACCME It’s a Critical Time It’s time to call a meeting to discuss… CME as a Bridge to Quality

11 © 2008 ACCME Cementing the Construct…

12 © 2008 ACCME Meeting Agenda Accredited CME… Linked to practice and focused on quality gaps Supports Maintenance of Certification® Requirement of maintenance of licensure Fostering collaboration to address QI Addressing interdisciplinary teams Independent of commercial interests Education that matters to patient care

13 © 2008 ACCME Background Is CME effective? –Highest level of research evidence says “yes” –2007 Metasynthesis from US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Rand, 2006 National Report Card

14 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME is linked to practice and focused on healthcare quality gaps. © 2008 ACCME

15 Synonymous with Practice-Based Learning and Improvement Activities are linked to practice-based needs (Updated Criterion 2) Content of CME matches the scope of the learner’s practice (Updated Criterion 4) Measurements of change in competence, performance or patient outcomes will be available (Updated Criterion 11)

16 © 2008 ACCME Practice Improvement 16. The provider operates in a manner that integrates CME into the process for improving professional practice. 17. The provider utilizes non- education strategies to enhance change as an adjunct to its activities/educational interventions (e.g., reminders, patient feedback). 18. The provider identifies factors outside the provider’s control that impact on patient outcomes. 19. The provider implements educational strategies to remove, overcome or address barriers to physician change. 20. The provider builds bridges with other stakeholders through collaboration and cooperation. 21. The provider participates within an institutional or system framework for quality improvement. 22. The provider is positioned to influence the scope and content of activities/educational interventions.

17 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME supports physicians’ maintenance of certification. © 2008 ACCME

18 ABMS MOC ™ Process Part I - Professional Standing Medical specialists must hold a valid, unrestricted medical license in at least one state or jurisdiction in the United States, its territories or Canada. Part II - Lifelong Learning and Self-Assessment Physicians participate in educational and self-assessment programs that meet specialty- specific standards that are set by their member board. Part III - Cognitive Expertise They demonstrate, through formalized examination, that they have the fundamental, practice- related and practice environment- related knowledge to provide quality care in their specialty. Part IV - Practice Performance Assessment They are evaluated in their clinical practice according to specialty-specific standards for patient care. They are asked to demonstrate that they can assess the quality of care they provide

19 © 2008 ACCME Supporting ABMS Member Boards Regarding your own program of CME…. –How did the content relate to your scope of practice? –What competencies did your CME address? –Did your CME vary in format? –What professional practice gaps of yours did your CME address? –What changed for you, or your patients, as a result of your program of CME ? Accountability

20 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME is an essential requirement for Maintenance of Licensure. © 2008 ACCME

21 FSMB Draft Report 2007 “State medical boards have a responsibility to the public to ensure the ongoing competence of physicians seeking relicensure.”

22 © 2008 ACCME Recommendations A. The Board should require the following for license renewal and require documentation thereof: Participation in an ongoing process of reflective self-evaluation, self assessment and practice assessment, with subsequent successful completion of educational activities tailored to meet the needs or deficiencies identified by the assessment. Demonstration of continued competence in the following areas: [ACGME/ABMS Competencies] and, if applicable, osteopathic philosophy and osteopathic manipulative medicine; including the knowledge, skills and abilities to provide safe, effective patient care within the scope of their professional medical practice. This criterion must be met, in part, by passage of a valid, secure, proctored examination in the physician’s current practice area. Demonstration of accountability for performance in practice. ADD

23 © 2008 ACCME Guided by the Updated Criteria… Accredited CME providers are perfectly positioned to support physicians as they navigate their own, personalized processes of MOC ™ and “MOL” CME professionals will provide value to their physician community by, –Helping to uncover, measure, and address important knowledge, competency, and performance-based gaps in practice –Aligning educational planning with their physicians’ scope of practice

24 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME is fostering collaboration to address quality improvement. © 2008 ACCME

25 ACCME Will Reward Providers That… Work towards understanding the healthcare environment in which their physicians practice Seek solutions beyond their own boundaries Identify and remove obstacles that stand between current care and best care for patients.

26 © 2008 ACCME Updated Criteria Address Collaboration, Quality, and Systems-Based Practice 16. integrate CME into process for improving professional practice. 17. utilize non-education strategies (e.g., reminders, patient feedback). 18. identify factors outside the provider’s control that impact on patient outcomes 19. remove, overcome or address barriers to physician change 20. build bridges with other stakeholders 21. participate in an institutional or system framework for QI 22. positioned to influence the scope and content of activities and educational interventions

27 © 2008 ACCME ACCME as an example Striving to embody the model of learning and change described in the Updated Criteria by providing outreach, education, and coordination to nurture innovation and interaction among key stakeholders In 2007, these efforts have culminated in productive relationships with multiple healthcare stakeholders

28 © 2008 ACCME Examples Metropolitan Chicago Breast Cancer Task Force Five regional members of the CMS Better Quality Information to Improve Care for Medicare Beneficiaries pilot program The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy

29 © 2008 ACCME A Regional Quality Gap…. Fall 2007 Chicago Tribune

30 © 2008 ACCME A Regional Quality Gap…. Fall 2007 Chicago Tribune “Applying the ACCME Updated Criteria while Addressing a Public Health Imperative” CME as a Strategic Asset for Improving Quality Webinar in Fall 2007

31 © 2008 ACCME A Regional Quality Gap…. Fall 2007 Chicago Tribune “Applying the ACCME Updated Criteria while Addressing a Public Health Imperative” A cooperative effort of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and The Illinois State Medical Society CME as a Strategic Asset for Improving Quality Webinar in Fall 2007

32 © 2008 ACCME A Regional Quality Gap…. Chicago Tribune “Applying the ACCME Updated Criteria while Addressing a Public Health Imperative” A cooperative effort of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education and The Illinois State Medical Society CME as a Strategic Asset for Improving Quality Webinar in Fall 2007 Murray Kopelow, MD Chief Executive Officer Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education David A. Ansell, MD, MPH Chief Medical Officer Rush University Medical Center

33 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME is addressing interdisciplinary team practice. © 2008 ACCME

34 Institute of Medicine Directive Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality (2002) –A core-competency that health professionals “cooperate, communicate, and integrate care in teams to ensure that care is continuous and reliable”

35 © 2008 ACCME To Realize This Goal Long-term strategic partnership Three accrediting organizations of three professions Cooperating, communicating - and are integrating their systems of accreditation ACCME ACPE ANCC

36 © 2008 ACCME Since 1998/2005 All three organizations have actively collaborated to explore areas of synergy A statement of shared values and future collaborative projects, accepted by the leadership of all three organizations in 2006

37 © 2008 ACCME Fruits of Our Collaboration Alignment of critical aspects of accreditation Requirements and Processes for physicians, nurses, and pharmacists Shared commitment to safeguard education from commercial interests Both the ANCC and ACPE adopted the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support™ in 2007

38 © 2008 ACCME Committed to Future Collaboration More standardized terminology for accreditation Common or shared approaches for accreditation processes Creation of a special accreditation that rewards providers who engage in multidisciplinary education planned for and by the entire healthcare team

39 © 2008 ACCME CME AS A BRIDGE TO QUALITY Accredited CME is independent of commercial interests. © 2008 ACCME

40 An Endeavor For Medicine, By Medicine When CME fails to be exclusively oriented to measured gaps in the delivery of care we cease to be relevant to physicians-in- practice and we fail the needs of patient care.

41 © 2008 ACCME Face Validity Our most important stakeholder – the American public – demands that the CME system provide demonstrable value without influence from industry

42 © 2008 ACCME ACCME Commitment The ACCME is resolute in its efforts to ensure that CME is, –Provided through a valid and credible accreditation system –Independent of commercial interests –Free of commercial bias in all CME topic selection, planning decision, and presentation content

43 © 2008 ACCME Definition of “Independence” “The concepts of independence from industry and collaboration with industry in the development of [CME] content are mutually exclusive.” ACCME Board of Directors, Executive Summary from November 2007 Board Meeting

44 © 2008 ACCME “Independence” (Cont’d) Although commercial interests may provide commercial support for educational activities as defined by the ACCME’s Standards for Commercial Support: Standards to Ensure Independence … there is no role for ACCME- defined commercial interests in the development or evaluation of accredited CME activities ACCME Board of Directors, Executive Summary from November 2007 Board Meeting

45 © 2008 ACCME You Must Accept Commercial interests’ influence erode the public’s confidence in CME and introduce obstacles for the ACCME system, accredited providers, and their stakeholders. ACCME will work quickly and effectively to monitor and remove bias and influence from accredited CME ACCME continues to seek discussion among stakeholders

46 © 2008 ACCME Taking Action You have a story to tell Accredited CME is aligned to the current and future needs of medicine It is a critical time for CME to make absolutely sure that it is widely known what CME –is doing –will be doing –is capable of doing


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