Presentation on theme: "Anticipating the Future Maintaining Your License By Charlene Morris, RN, MSN."— Presentation transcript:
Anticipating the Future Maintaining Your License By Charlene Morris, RN, MSN
Texas Occupations Code Governs many occupations Chapter Law that establishes & empowers Board of Nursing for the State of Texas Contains the Nurse Practice Act Contains law setting up rules and regulations for nursing practice in Texas – Defines the SCOPE of PRACTICE Texas Administrative Code –Provides more detail on how the requirements of the Occupations Code are to be carried out. –Appointment of members, meetings, proceedings, investigations, disciplinary actions, etc.
Texas Administrative Code TITLE 22TITLE 22 EXAMINING BOARDS PART 11PART 11 BOARD OF NURSING CHAPTER 211CHAPTER 211 GENERAL PROVISIONS RULE §211.1 Introduction (a)Name. Texas Board of Nursing Decision-making board appointed by the Governor (Texas Occupations Code). (b) Location. Austin, Texas (c) Legal Authority. Chapters 301, 303, 304. and Texas Occupations Code. (d) Composition. Persons appointed by the Governor with Senate approval. ( Source Note: The provisions of this §211.1 adopted to be effective March 31, 2002, 27 TexReg 2236; amended to be effective May 17, 2004, 29 TexReg 4884
Texas Administrative Code GENERAL PROVISIONS RULE §211.3 Organization and Structure ( (b) Terms of office for Board members. Six years in length with staggered terms. Members may be reappointed by the Governor. (c) Eligibility. Board member eligibility is governed by the Texas Occupations Code §§ and (d) Compensation. Per diem as provided by law for each day that the member engages in the business of the board Travel expenses Source Note: The provisions of this §211.3 adopted to be effective March 31, 2002, 27 TexReg 2236; amended to be effective May 17, 2004, 29 TexReg 4884
TEXAS OCCUPATIONS CODE AND STATUTES REGULATING THE PRACTICE OF NURSING As Amended September, 2005 AGENCY MISSION The mission of the Texas Board of Nursing (BON) is to protect and promote the welfare of the people of Texas by ensuring that each person holding a license as a nurse in the State of Texas is competent to practice safely. This mission, derived from the Nursing Practice Act, supersedes the interest of any individual, the nursing profession, or any special interest group.
Protecting the People of Texas
Texas Administrative Code BOARD OF NURSING Purpose and Functions Purpose. The board fulfills its mission through two principle areas of responsibility: (1) regulation of the practice of professional and vocational nursing (2) accreditation of schools of nursing.
Texas Administrative Code - Functions of BOARD OF NURSING The board shall perform the following functions as outlined in Texas Occupations Code chapters 301, 303, 304, & 305. ( 1) Establish standards and regulate the practice of professional and vocational nursing. (2) Interpret the Nursing Practice Act and Regulations Relating to: Nurse Education Licensure and Practice to nurses Employers Public to ensure informed professionals, allied health professionals, and consumers.
Texas Administrative Code - Functions of BOARD OF NURSING The board shall perform the following functions as outlined in Texas Occupations Code chapters 301, 303, 304, & 305. (3) Receive complaints and investigate possible violations. (4) Discipline violators through appropriate legal action. (5) Provide a mechanism for public comment and by which the rules and regulations are modified when appropriate.
(6) Examine and license qualified applicants and recognize qualified applicants for advanced practice nursing as minimally competent. (7) Grant licensure by endorsement and grant recognition of advanced practice nurses from other states. (8) Recommend to legislature appropriate changes in the Nursing Practice Act (9) Establish standards for nursing education and accredit or deny accreditation of schools.
(10) Monitor the examination results of applicants for variances in the level of educational effectiveness. (11) Consultation and guidance to nurse schools for self-study, evaluation, and the development of effective education programs. (12) Provide advice to the faculty, staff of health care agencies utilizing nursing services, and practitioners of nursing to improve professional service. (13) Implement and manage all other programs and responsibilities as authorized and mandated by the Texas Legislature. Source Note: The provisions of this §211.2 adopted to be effective March 31, 2002, 27 TexReg 2236; amended to be effective May 17, 2004, 29 TexReg 4884
Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas
Texas Administrative Code Chapter 217 Rule Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas Know and conform to Nurse Practice Act & Rules Promote safe environment Know rationale & effects of meds & treatments Administer them safely, stabilize pts. and question orders PRN Accurately document/report assessments and response to care and pt. status as well as contacts with other health care team members Respect patient’s right to privacy – confidentiality Provide education/counseling to client, family, etc. & referrals
Texas Administrative Code Chapter 217 Rule Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas cont. Obtain appropriate supervision, orientation, in- service info, & CE’s Accept responsibility for competence & growth Notify supervisor when leaving nursing assignment Maintain professional boundaries Comply with reporting requirements Provide care without discrimination & within own abilities and those of others you are supervising Implement measures to stabilize clients and prevent complications Implement measures to prevent exposure to infectious disease
Texas Administrative Code Chapter 217 Rule Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas cont. Clarify any order or treatment that may be inaccurate, non-efficacious or contraindicated by consulting the appropriate licensed practitioner and notifying the ordering practitioner when deciding not to administer the medication or treatment Collaborate with the client, care team, and when appropriate the client’s family to provide optimal care. Make appropriate referrals for continuity of care.
Texas Administrative Code Chapter 217 Rule Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas cont. Make appropriate/safe assignments based on ability and client’s needs Accept only those assignments that you can do safely. Supervise those for whom they are responsible. Ensure verification of current licensure or compact privilege when administratively responsible
Texas Administrative Code Chapter 217 Rule Standards of Nursing Practice in the state of Texas – just for RN’s. Use systematic approach to provide individualized, goal directed nursing care based on nursing process. Delegate tasks to unlicensed personnel in compliance with Chapter 224 (acute care settings) and Chapter 225 (independent living environments) with stable and predictable conditions.
Contacting the Texas Board of Nursing Location of Board’s office: 333 Guadalupe, Austin, Texas Telephone: 512/ Web page: / / Contact Person: Katherine Thomas, MN, RN, Executive Director
Assuring Competence NCLEX-RN – assures knowledge base & decision-making ability Graduation from accredited school – –Psychomotor/technical skill safety –Legal/ethical knowledge & values –Interpersonal skills –Decision-making skills Basis for school’s evaluation criteria from BON Rules & Regulations –“Standards of Nursing Practice in Texas” –“Unprofessional Conduct”
Applying for your License See the andhttp://www.ncsbn.org/ web siteswww.pearsonvue.com/nclex See check list at end of application –BON Application 2 FBI finger print cards $ fee BNE application 2x2 passport photo, signature, date taken –Registration for NCLEX-RN Exam NCLEX-RN Examination application form $200 NCLEX Registration –Affidavit of Graduation from Nursing Program
NCLEX Test Plan 4 categories of client needs Safe & effective care environment –Management of care – 13-19% Providing and directing care enhancing care and protection of client –Safety and infection control – 8-14% Protection from environmental hazards Health Promotion & Maintenance – 6-12% Growth and development, prevention, early detection, health promotion Psychosocial Integrity – 6-12% Care supporting emotional, mental, and social wellbeing in stressful events Physiologic Integrity –Basic care and comfort – 6-12% Activities of daily living –Pharmacological & parenteral therapies – 13-19% Care related to medication and blood/blood product administration –Reduction of risk potential – 13-19% Decreasing risk of complications of illness or treatments –Physiological adaptation – 11-17% Care for clients with acute. Chronic, and life threatening illnesses
Test Plan cont. Processes integrated into the previous categories Nursing Process Caring –Nurse and patient interaction –Collaborative environment Communication & documentation Teaching/Learning Life span in various settings Some questions will apply knowledge from 2 different categories
Type of Testing CAT – Computer Adaptive Testing Identifies 95% chance of safe practice –Various types of questions Pictures, fill in the blank, multiple answer, etc. –Don’t make wild guesses to finish items –Each test is different Computer selects items for candidate’s skill level Level of question based on answer to previous question Different questions each time applicant tests –Contains some items that are not graded –Instructions, sample items, and breaks are included in testing time period allowed
NCLEX-RN Success Web sites HESI exam as predictor – danger < 850 Review course or review books Level 4 exam scores predictor of specific areas
Test Taking Tips Study & practice (1 question per 60 to 70 seconds) Plan –Austin testing sites –Pearson Professional Centers-Austin, TX 301 Congress Avenue Suite 565 Austin,Texas –Schedule carefully –Sleep, eat, take precautions to promote calm Strengthen testing strategies –Read carefully (1 to 2 min./item) –Think through but don’t read into question –Remember entry level for LVN and/or CNA or UAP –Text book not the patient you saw in clinical –Use your breaks to rest
What to Expect/Prepare Arrive 30 minutes early, if you are more than 30 min. late for testing, you will need to be rescheduled and pay fee again Come alone no children/family/friends waiting or calling No hats, scarves, coats, calculators, pencils, etc. permitted in testing area Bring –Authorization to Test (ATT) form – needed to schedule testing session – Name same as on ID –Valid non-expired Photo ID with your signature –Finger print, photo, & signature will be taken on admission to test and after breaks
What to Expect/Prepare May take up to 6 hours to complete test - raise hand don’t get up –First optional break after 2 hrs. – fingerprinting before and after breaks –Second is 90 minutes after test resumes Must use computer calculator 75 to 265 questions – 15 unscored Number of questions does not predict Pass/Fail –75 high pass or fail as computer determines trends Must answer each item to continue the test after (ENTER), can’t go back
What to Expect/Prepare Official results come from BON- up to 14 days after BON receives scores –Pay a small fee to get preliminary results in 24 hours. Retest every 45/90 days for 4 years in Texas Sec Re-examination. (Texas Occupations Code- BON may require additional educational requirements or deny retesting if test is failed 2 or more times.)
Jurisprudence Exam Students applying for licensure after 9/1/08 or having to retake the NCLEX-RNStudents applying for licensure after 9/1/08 or having to retake the NCLEX-RN You must take the exam and pass it once to become an RN.You must take the exam and pass it once to become an RN. Cost of exam will be part of application and will be taken on your computer from the BON website.Cost of exam will be part of application and will be taken on your computer from the BON website. You may take it as many times as you need to for a passing score – q 7 days.You may take it as many times as you need to for a passing score – q 7 days.
Exam cont. You will know if you passed upon completion – 75% is a passing score.You will know if you passed upon completion – 75% is a passing score. It will be open book from the NPA and it will be timed – 2 hours.It will be open book from the NPA and it will be timed – 2 hours. 50 Questions and will be knowledge and application. (Will not ask for specific section numbers of Nurse Practice Act but will test for understanding) 50 Questions and will be knowledge and application. (Will not ask for specific section numbers of Nurse Practice Act but will test for understanding)
Test Blueprint 5 subject areas with weight5 subject areas with weight A. Nursing Licensure & Regulation in Texas –15%A. Nursing Licensure & Regulation in Texas –15% B. Nursing Ethics –20%B. Nursing Ethics –20% C. Nursing Practice - 30%C. Nursing Practice - 30% D. Nursing Peer Review- 15%D. Nursing Peer Review- 15% E. Disciplinary Action – 20% Topic areas to guide review of content are available on the BON website.E. Disciplinary Action – 20% Topic areas to guide review of content are available on the BON website.
Test Review BON has developed an online Test Review/Prep Workshop which costs about $25 and takes about 2 hours to complete. This course is accessed on the BON website after applying and obtaining a pin number from the BON.
Guidelines for New Graduates & New RN’s What are the requirements that must be met to obtain a GN Verification Letter? Once granted, what are the limitations of practice placed on a GN using this privilege? Compare these limitations to those that the BON recommends for newly licensed RN’s.
Guidelines for New Graduate’s Employment GN verification letter issued after: –Completion of application for licensure –Criminal checks complete –Affidavit of graduation –Received your Authorization to Test –Registered with Pearson –NCLEX testing date set No outstanding eligibility issues 75 day period specified on GN Verification letter or results of first NCLEX attempt If first NCLEX is failed MUST stop GN practice Must know and follow Nurse Practice Act – Rules and Regulations
Graduate Nurse Requirements Temporary Authorization to Practice Must work under direct supervision of RN –RN physically available –RN at same site May not be in charge or supervising May not function in an independent setting May perform any function that falls within the scope of practice for which they have educational preparation and demonstrated minimal competency
BON Rule Recommendations After Licensure These are for your protection Direct supervision for 6 months or less if agreed upon by new graduate and supervising RN –Competence agreed upon by both –Successful completion of orientation requirements Newly licensed should not be in charge for 6 months unless agreed upon by grad & RN
Newly Licensed Nurse Guideline: –Amount of supervision and charge positions should be mutually agreed upon –12-18 months experience in a structured setting before practicing in independent living environment
Continuing Competency Identify how competency is maintained and validated. How are CE’s approved? What type of learning experiences can be counted as CE credit toward license renewal? What learning experiences are not acceptable? Describe required record keeping related to CE’s.
Continuing Competency (Sec – Occupations Code Completion of targeted cont. ed. Programs Professional portfolio including certifications May not require more than 20 hours CE per 2 year period Specific State Requirements –Hepatitis C between June 2002 – June 2004 –Bioterrorism Response was a one time requirement –Forensic Evidence Collection – 2 hrs. for ER nurses by Sept. 1, 2008
Texas Administrative Code (216.1) All CE’s – To count toward licensure renewal, a program must have been approved by one of the credentialing agencies recognized by the Board. The credentialing agencies have met nationally- predetermined criteria to approve programs and providers of CE. –RN planner –Approved by accepted credentialing agency –Class or individualized home study/programmed instruction A 3hr. academic nursing course (part of a degree plan taken for credit with grade C or better or a pass of pass/fail) counts for 15 hours ACLS, ATLS, and PALS, or national certification in a non-advanced nursing practice specialty (i.e. CCRN, RNFA, CWOCN, etc.) may be counted for CE credit In-services, CPR, Refresher courses do not count. Keep records for 4 years One CE hour = 60 minutes not 50 as in the past
License Renewal Describe the license renewal process for new RN’s and experienced RN’s. What criteria must be met for standard renewal? What are the requirements for reactivation when the license was in an official inactive status for more than 4 years? What are the requirements for licensure for retired RN’s who volunteer their service at a community agency?
Texas Administrative Code (216.1) License Renewal every 2 years - $65 –End of Birth month and odd or even years based on birth year –Receive post card reminder 30 days prior (90 days if CE audit required) –Renew on line at BON web site & credit/debit card if meet all criteria No bars: delinquent student loans/child support, legal issues, Psych illness, drugs, and lack of required CE’s Application implies legal signature/testimony of meeting criteria and makes nurse legally responsible for accuracy. First renewal Continuing education required – not need 20 hours –ER Forensic Evidence Collection 2 hours Six to 29 months after first issued depending on nurses date of birth.
Nursing Licensure Compact States participating in a Licensure Compact accept similar requirements for licensure. What is a nurse’s Home State and how does that relate to licensure? When a nurse practices in a party state whose laws and scope of practice guide the care provided by the nurse? Can the nurse simultaneously hold a home state license in more than one party state? Under what circumstance can the nurse hold a license in more than one state at the same time?
Nursing Licensure Compact Chapter 304 Rule 220
Nurse Licensure Compact States agreeing to recognize each others nursing licenses Texas among the first to adopt this plan Premise: –Only defines the requirements to hold a license Similar licensure requirements in most states –Each state defines its own scope of practice –States share information related to problems Warnings Suspensions Licenses that have been revoked Imposters
Last Updated: [July 2008] Map indicates states that have enacted the RN and LPN/VN Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC).
Compact Definitions Party States –States who have adopted the compact Primary state of residence –(Home state) –Where you permanently reside or your declared fixed permanent & principal home for legal purposes Remote state –Where you practice using multistate privilege –Must be a party state
Compact Requirements Nurse must: –Maintain home state license –Adhere to practice laws of state in which the patient is located at time of care –Use multi state privilege only in party states –Hold a home state license in only one party state at a time If permanent home address changes to another party state, relinquishes license of previous state Applies for & meets requirements for licensure in new Home state (30 day grace period for processing new license)
Practicing in a Different State 1.How is a nurse’s licensure impacted when he/she changes their permanent address from one state to another? Differentiate between movement from one party state to another as opposed to movement from a party state to a non-party (remote) state? 2.Can a nurse hold permanent residence on a party state and work in a remote state? 3.What are the requirements and limitations of a nurse licensed in a remote state when they wish to obtain a license to practice in Texas?
Practicing in a Non-Party State Must obtain a license from the non-party state May hold both a home state license and a license from the non-party state If you live in a non-party state –Must obtain a non-resident Texas license to practice in Texas –Lose multistate licensure privilege in other party states
Impact of Licensure Compact States share information –Nurses licensed –Disciplinary action Protects public health and safety More mobile workforce for employers Allows nurses to be more mobile Provides for new forms of practice –Online practice –Telephone practice
Determine Scope of Practice The Six Step Decision Making Model found in the back of Nursing Practice Act, Nursing Peer Review, Nurse Licensure Compact
Rule and Rule Standards of Practice and Unprofessional Conduct –Provide baseline for safe and effective care –Establish minimal acceptable level –Identifies unprofessional behaviors
Unprofessional Conduct & Peer Review Discus unprofessional conduct. Describe the types of agencies that must have a Peer Review Committee. Describe an incident based peer review process. Are the findings always reported to the BON? What must be reported? How is it reported?
Incident-Based Nursing Peer Review Evaluation of –Nursing services –Qualifications of a nurse –Quality of care provided –The merits of a complaint about a nurse –Recommendations about a complaint Nurse under review given written notice to attend with info about complaint Fact finding process, analysis studying events that occurred - due process as right to question witnesses and confidentiality Climate of collegial problem solving Not a legal proceeding but can have lawyer/peer If fault is found nurse is subject to Reporting Requirements
Peer Review – RN’s & LVN’s Employers of 10 or more licensed nurses must have a Peer Review Committee –Putting a patient or other person at risk of unnecessary harm –Failure to adequately care for a patient – Unprofessional conduct (217.12) –Failure to conform to minimum standards of practice (217.11) –Impairment or likely impairment of the nurse’s practice due to chemical dependency
The Nurse’s Duty to Report Licensed care giver, agency, or facility – Exposing a patient to substantial risk of harm due to lack of minimum standard of nursing care Another nurse –Impairment, lack of minimum standard of care, unprofessional conduct, or unnecessary exposure of pt. to risk for harm Nursing student –Chemical impairment –Ability to perform professional service within reasonable expectations
Reporting (for Peer Review or BON) Must be in writing and signed Must include name of nurse or student and information required by the Board May take the report to the employer or school
Action Peer Review Committee/BON Problem reported to employer Proceedings are confidential If committee finds cause they must report to BON –Identity –Problem –Corrective action taken –Recommendation for BNE action
Minor Incidents - Rule Describe a minor incident. When and how are they reported and to whom? What are the consequences of frequent minor incidents? What types of incidents are considered major?
Minor Incidents Rule Continued practice doesn’t pose risk of harm to client(s) –Potential risk of harm is very low –Incident is singular –Nurse’s approach to practice is conscientious and accountable –Has knowledge and skill for safe practice 5 minor incidents in any consecutive 12 month period must be reported to Peer Review Committee –If no Peer Review Committee is available must report to BON
Conduct Assistance What is unprofessional conduct? Provide examples of this type of problem. What types of problems fall under ? What types of assistance is available to nurses who have these types of problems? What can happen to their license if they can not comply with professional conduct or restrictions of supervision?
Unprofessional Conduct Purpose: –Protect the public from Incompetent & careless Unethical Illegal conduct of nurses –Applies to any licensed nurse
Peer Assistance Rule Required by law Identifies, assists, and monitors professional colleagues so they can work –Experiencing mental health, alcohol or drug problems –Problems impair or may impair job performance or safe care
Safe Harbor Peer Review
Protects nurses asked to engage in conduct which they believe violates duty to patient “Duty to Patient” – means conduct including administrative decisions directly affecting a nurse’s ability to comply with that duty required by: – Standards of practice: “Best Practices” originate from Evidence Based Research –Professional conduct adopted by the Board in Section (a) Required by facilities employing/contracting at least 10 nurses
Safe Harbor Peer Review/Protection Describe how Safe Harbor Peer Review differs from Incident Based Peer Review. What is duty to patient? How is the nurse who invokes Safe Harbor protected? When Safe Harbor is invoked, how is the nurse’s accountability for safe patient care impacted? How does a nurse invoke Safe Harbor? Describe the Safe Harbor Peer review process.
Safe Harbor Peer Review Protection Nurse may not be disciplined or discriminated against for making the request May engage in requested conduct pending the peer review Is not subject to the reporting requirement just presented May not be disciplined by BON for engaging in conduct while review is pending
Requesting Safe Harbor Must be done in good faith Must notify supervisor making the assignment that he/she is invoking safe harbor Use form on BON web site –Or include all info. on required form If used to question a medical order –Medical staff/director will make a determination Nurse invoking Safe Harbor will get a copy of Peer Review Committee’s determination and the administrator’s review
Entry into Practice Issues 1965 ANA paper recommended BSN 50 + years of debate Same licensing exam 2000 ANA reaffirmed it’s recommendation Public Health Nursing usually requires BSN Specialist positions may require MSN Certification
Differentiated Practice Structured nursing roles based on: –Education –Experience –Competence Education based – different prep = different roles Assessment based – all facets, competency focused
Differentiated Practice Models 20+ years of studies –Roles and compensation level delineated according to education level not widely used Basis of competency models –ANA’s standards of care with levels of practice –Novice to expert (RN 1 to RN 4) –Can be based on job description and evaluation
Questions to ASK at Interviews How are competencies attained, maintained, and measured? –Orientation or internships available –Provision for continuing education –Regular skill updates or reviews competency evaluation Career ladder, levels of practice, promotion, or specialization with compensation Your job description Criteria by which you will be evaluated
Regulatory Agencies BON Certification- government standards Accreditation - non-government standards –Medicare/Medicaid – federal standards –Accreditation – non - government JCAHO - hospitals CHAP – Community Health Accreditation Program
Advisory Groups Secretary of Health, Congress – National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice –Workforce diversity –Cultural competency –Nursing shortage JCAHO – Nursing Advisory Council
Examples of Texas Legislation Nursing shortage Hepatitis C & Bioterrorism continuing education requirements
Texas Nurses Association Mission: Promote excellence through leadership, advocacy, and innovation Advocate for nursing in the legislature Continuing education Updates on legal issues and legislation Interpretation of legal & BON changes
American Nurses Association Advocates for Nursing Profession Defines ethical standards of practice for Profession –General RN –Specialty areas Provides avenue for nursing to be involved in national level of decision making AJN