Presentation on theme: "LET’S TALK! How Accountable Talk Read Aloud can help our ELLs reach Common Core Linda Marshall"— Presentation transcript:
LET’S TALK! How Accountable Talk Read Aloud can help our ELLs reach Common Core Linda Marshall
What I do (and love doing)
My Amazing Family (and how we spent our summer vacation!)
Me and My Favorite Guy in My True Home!
Meanest Cat in the World
Secret Ambitions (What I want to be when I grow up)
I believe in CELEBRATIONS!
“What we read to children should have charm, magic, impact and appeal.” Margaret Mooney
What school looked like when I was young! (ok maybe an exaggeration but close)
South Grade Elementary 1962
My School now!
The Stages of Common Core Resistance
1. Denial Maybe if I don’t pay attention they will just go away! Lots of other things went away (like everyone on grade level by 2014?)
2. Anger REALLY! Yet another idea about how to make education better! From those folks who brought us: ESEA, IASA, Reading First, Blueprint 2000, NCLB, Race to the Top, etc……
3. Bargaining – then the need to regain control Ummm so if I get really good at teaching one part of Common Core, I won’t have to worry about the other parts? So maybe if I keep moving up grades I won’t have to learn them so fast? They are not going to beat me down! I am going to learn this junk! I’ll show them…
4. Depression/Fear I am old! How am I ever supposed to learn this new stuff anyway? Everyone says Common Core is really hard, what’s wrong with me, they don’t look so hard! I am old!
5. Questions What are these new standards really about? What is at their foundation? So I started reading my mentors: Lucy, Dick, The Freemans, Cappelini, Fountas and Pinnell, Owocki, Folks at IRA and others My anti-mentors: David Coleman, ACT, Pearson, Parcc, Timothy Shanahan
6. Acceptance Here I am! But it is Acceptance with conditions. NOT JUST ACCEPTANCE – I AM EMBRACING CC! They are “a vision of what it means to be a literate person in the twenty- first century” “The standards are designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success in college and careers.”
WHY ACCEPTANCE? Because… “They actively seek the wide, deep, and thoughtful engagement with high-quality literary and informational texts that builds knowledge, enlarges experience, and broadens worldviews. They reflexively demonstrate the cogent reasoning and use of evidence that is essential to both private deliberation and responsible citizenship in a democratic republic. In short, students who meet the Standards develop the skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening that are the foundation for any creative and purposeful expression in language.
THEY ARE GOLD Who doesn’t want their students thinking, reading, talking and understanding at high levels of complexity? Who doesn’t want students inferring, thinking BIG ideas and supporting those idea, naming themes, synthesizing information, analyzing and critiquing (all in standard English)? Who doesn’t want kids to have rich and exquisite conversations to grow and build ideas?
Another reason I can accept the Standards “The Standards are intended to be a living work: as new and better evidence emerges, the Standards will be revised accordingly.”
What are my conditions? I will lobby for: A fair assessment of Common Core – one that does not put ELLs, children in poverty, ESE students at a disadvantage Assessment of CC that are not used to judge a teacher’s body of work Negotiations about assessing at high text complexity levels when even the architects of the CC acknowledge there is not a lot of research to support putting students in complex text without scaffolding!
So To Common Core or Not to Common Core? No matter what side of the philosophical divide you are on – to Common Core or not to Common Core – we are all on the same side. We want students who: “actively seek the wide, deep, and thoughtful engagement with high-quality literary and informational texts that builds knowledge, enlarges experience, and broadens worldviews. “
Why Accountable Talk Read Aloud with Grand Conversation? One methodology that aligns with my beliefs and honors Common Core !
What is Accountable Talk Read Aloud Accountable Talk or Interactive Read-aloud is a powerful, research based, instructional tool in which the teacher not only reads aloud, but has predetermined stopping points where the teacher and students “interact” with the text There is always a clear instructional focus
Purpose? It gives : Teachers and students a variety of ways to think and talk about text Teachers the opportunity to model and students to practice planned reading strategies Students an opportunity to talk back to and build upon each other’s thinking Students the scaffold to develop a theory, or a set of ideas, this theory will drive student’s discussion Students a model of how to develop ways to track and collect evidence in text around a theory Classrooms a way to engage in behaviors that elicit and sustain meaningful conversations – a way to teach the “art of conversation”
WHEN Accountable Talk Read Aloud EVERYDAY about 15 minutes Whole Class Grand Conversation about 3 times a week right after the read aloud, takes anywhere from minutes
Instructional Focus Reading Skills and Strategies such as: Inferring Predicting Previewing and accumulating text Envisioning Determining main ideas and key details (text evidence) Synthesizing Interpreting Analyzing AND MORE…
Instructional Focus is Determined by… Student’s needs (assessments) Common Core Standards Units or Genres being studied
What Accountable Talk Read Aloud Looks Like Teacher Sitting with children in reading area Reading a purposefully selected and planned book marked with post-its Models strategies by thinking aloud Models explicit examples of responding to text (content of talk) AND also ways to respond to partners (social /academic context) Teacher “listening in” and sometimes recording partnership conversations Teacher ignoring raised hands
STUDENTS Sitting next to partner in circle or rows in reading area Observing how the teacher stops at strategic places in the text to think Turning and Talking, or Stopping and Jotting with partners at specified points Anchors ideas in the text
What Accountable Talk Sounds Like TEACHER Reading to students with great expression and fluency, including gestures Modeling comprehension and explaining vocabulary through “Think Alouds” while reading Prompting and voiceovers that promote higher order thinking Facilitating and prompting students thinking about strategies and text Occasionally sharing something she heard during partnership talk
STUDENTS Students sharing their thinking/ideas related to what is being read to their partners Students listening, clarifying, elaborating, and building upon each others’ idea High engagement – lots of talking at once
Nonfiction might sound like
Fiction might sound like
WHAT AN ACCOUNTABLE TALK SOUNDS LIKE…
Why for ELL students? Engages students with texts that have more challenging concepts and/or language than students can read independently. The read-aloud strategy helps English-language learners develop new vocabulary and syntactic awareness. Reading aloud builds good reading habits. It stimulates imaginations and emotions; models good reading processes; exposes students to a range of literature; enriches vocabularies and rhetorical sensitivity; elucidates difficult texts; helps to distinguish different genres; supports independent reading; and encourages a lifelong enjoyment of reading.
Other ways to make Accountable Talk Accessible:
CAUTIONS Too many interruptions during reading can break the flow of comprehension, making it difficult for students to hold on to meaning Focus should not be too weighted on strategies without thinking about understanding the whole text
Reminders Accountable book talk is student talk that is accountable to the learning, where the students discuss what is being read. Community is vital – especially for ELLs. Accountable talk requires that students take risks among peers. It is critical that the classroom has clear expectations about sharing and responding to one another.
Followed by… Grand Conversation What is it After the read aloud, students sometimes engage in a conversation in which they share their thinking about a text Time for students to talk, minimal teacher talk Students build on one another’s ideas and thinking about a text using specific sentence frames Talk takes stamina building, just like independent reading
Purpose Engage in behaviors that elicit and sustain meaningful conversations with their peers Builds community, purpose and passion around books, ideas, and talk Builds listening skills. Students respectfully listen to one another so that the direction and purpose of their discussion is between each other, not between teacher and student
What Grand Conversation Looks Like: STUDENT Sits in circle next to partner Shifts body toward and makes eye contact with speaker
TEACHER Sits in or outside of circle Takes notes Will sometimes provide ideas for the conversation using clear concise prompts Role is to facilitate students’ talking to one another and building on each others thinking
Connection to Common Core? Exposes children to a variety of genres, literary styles and high complexity, giving students the opportunity to think and talk at high levels.
Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening
Comprehension and Collaboration CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1 Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.1
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.3 Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.4 Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.4 CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.SL.6
Note on range and content of student speaking and listening To build a foundation for college and career readiness, students must have ample opportunities to take part in a variety of rich, structured conversations—as part of a whole class, in small groups, and with a partner. Being productive members of these conversations requires that students contribute accurate, relevant information; respond to and develop what others have said; make comparisons and contrasts; and analyze and synthesize a multitude of ideas in various domains.
Language Anchor Standards
Vocabulary Acquisition and Use CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.6 Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.6
Ways to Build Vocabulary Academic Language for non-fiction could be: Various text features, example – this photograph teaches me… Structures – the author is comparing… Main ideas supported with text evidence of key details – One main idea is_____ I know this because______ Domain Specific words: Photosynthesis, adaptations, etc.- these can be introduced using word banks, note books
SAMPLE ACADEMIC VOCABULARY FOR FICTION Academic Language for fiction could be: I’m Predicting This is the type of character who My interpretation of what this book is really about Symbolic of I am accumulating ideas to build a theory The main idea supported by these key details Domain Specific words Different types of character traits – ex. Shy, lazy Mysteries – clues, suspects, crime
General Academic Vocabulary that crosses Content Areas I agree/disagree because Please say more I would like to add on to that The idea I have is__________ That is one way to look at it, another way is I used to think________ but now I think ____ In my opinion _______ The evidence I have to support my idea ______
Conventions of Standard English CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.CCRA.L.1
How to Choose the Perfect Read Aloud Do you LOVE IT? Is it at or above where your student’s are conceptually? (always push for a little above) What are you studying about Which standards are you working on?
MOST IMPORTANT THING Choosing texts to read and talk about is a CRITICAL decision. This is an opportunity to build strong classroom community, the texts you select to share, think, and talk about are invaluable. BE INTENTIONAL – help your students be inspired, react, learn, be challenged by, get passionate
BOOKS CHANGE LIVES (So do conversations) LOVE THAT DOG