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Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Update on S&T Priorities and Strategies in France 2010 Prof Jean-Luc Clément Scientific Advisor French Ministry.

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Presentation on theme: "Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Update on S&T Priorities and Strategies in France 2010 Prof Jean-Luc Clément Scientific Advisor French Ministry."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Update on S&T Priorities and Strategies in France 2010 Prof Jean-Luc Clément Scientific Advisor French Ministry of Higher Education and Research

2 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Evolution of the French system of Higher Education and Research National Strategy in Research and Innovation Autonomy of Universities New structures to link research-training and innovation Open innovation New mechanisms to fund research

3 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 I - French National Strategy on Research and Innovation Health,quality of life, nutrition and biotechnology Environmental concerns and ecotechnology Information, communication and nanotechnology

4 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 II Autonomy of Universiies 2007-2009 : structural reforms of our higher education and research system, around three priorities : –Simplification –Excellence –Technology transfer and public-private partnerships 2010 : €22 billion of the « national loan » package earmarked for higher education and research

5 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 3 500 Schools and Universities : 83 universities (70% of the students) 224 Ingeniery schools (1/4 in universities) 220 Business Schools (90 with national diplomas) 120 Art schools 20 Architect schools 3 000 other schools and universities 4 Actual situation in French Higher Education Too much ; Needs simplification

6 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Human Ressources Total: 364 000 persons - 202,000 persons working for research in private labs (including 114 000 scientists). - 162,000 persons working for public research including 49 400 faculties in universities and 44 000 scientists in public research institutes - 12 000 new doctors (PhD) every year (4,000 in natural sciences and 8,000 in humanities and social sciences).

7 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Students : 2.2 millions (Paris : 26%)

8 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Clarification of diplomas : The new European education system and European diploma and ERASMUS

9 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 New organization Reformed university governance –60% of French universities have already adopted the new governance law (90% next January) 15 « Higher Education and Research» campus –Objective : consolidate a fragmented landscape of 85 universities, 220 engineering and business schools, and 21 research institutes National thematic « alliances » –Objective : coordinate research programs, simplify interactions for international groups –Three alliances created : health, information & telecom, energy

10 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 FROM « FACULTIES» TOWARDS « UNIVERSITIES » : Two main laws : 1968 and 1984 Now : The law of August the 10 th, 2007 : LAW ON THE LIBERTIES AND ON THE RESPONSABILITIES OF THE UNIVERSITIES (L.R.U.) : To give full significance to this LRU reform, we must also recall the importance of the Bologna Process which has given the opportunities to academics to rethink all along the ten last years : the schemes, the organization, the contents and the aims of must of the courses of licences, masters and even doctorates

11 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 University freedom law Voted by the Parlament (07/2007), - implemented by first universities starting academic year 2008/2009 - 75 universities out of 83 using the new system in 2011 - More autonomy to universities - Possibility to create foundations linked with universities, raising of funds - New mechanisms for the election of administrative council and the university president - Increasing competences of the president and university counsels - Improving evaluation of academic staff, flexibility in teaching loads - To increase weight of universities in research performing and management tasks

12 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 A stronger governance for the universities (LRU : 2007) -More efficiencies in respect of the democratic bases of the University administration : one elected President, a board of directors, a scientific council, a council for students affairs. The board of directors : 20-30 members at most. About 1/3 of qualified persons among local authorities, representatives of private or public companies… A scientific council that must give its advice on the scientists, appointed members of the local selection commitee for recruitment of « academics » New competencies for universities – A global budget : operating budget, salaries, properties on buildings and investment. Possibility of endowments

13 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 A stronger governance for the universities (LRU : 2007) The President of the University has the responsability to prepare the « pluri-annual contract » (4 years) setting the policy of the university, between this one and the Ministry of Higher Education. He is elected for 4 years and can be reelected once. He could now decide to veto any recruitment. On advice of his Board, he can modulate the time schedule of the academics that is shared between teaching and research. He can also modulate bonuses to the academic staff.

14 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 MAIN GOALS OF « L.R.U. » - 50 % of a group of age should get a degree at the level of higher education - Improve the Governance of the Universities - Make higher education in France more visible at the International level

15 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 L.R.U. (Liberties and Responsabilities of the Universities) -A larger Autonomy A larger scope of competences A more efficient governance -A better visibility and a broader capability to be recognized at international level (P.R.E.S.) to bring together Universities, « Grandes Ecoles » : constitution of « Clusters : « Pôle de recherche et d’enseignement supérieur » (P.R.E.S.) Merging of Universities (e.g. Strasbourg), creation of consortia : « ParisTech », « Paris Universitas »… Financing « campuses » : 12 international Poles involving 36 Universities and 20 « grandes Ecoles » - It will also improve dorms and facilities for students. -To develop a « goals achievement culture » - Evaluation : AERES included in the quality assurance system of the Bologna Process – Promoting European Standards and guidelines

16 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Repartition of researchers in France Public S&T Organizations (9) CNRS – general INRA – CIRAD - agriculture INSERM - health INRIA – informatics IRD – development Public I&C Organizations (15) CEA - nuclear CNES - space BRGM - mining/geol. Nonprofit institutions Pasteur Inst. - health Higher education institutions 83 universities – housing most public research laboratories ~ 200 «grandes ecoles» - highly selective - research effort limited

17 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 RESEARCH LABORATORIES 25 Public research institutes CNRS, INSERM, INRA, INRIA, CEA, CIRAD, IRD, IFREMER, CNES, BRGM, OSEO, … Higher education institutions: - 83 universities - Grandes Ecoles; Grands établissements; Ecoles d’ingénieurs. Private Research: companies and foundations. Many possibilities of joint laboratories : 1200 CNRS-Universities laboratories, 140 INRA-CNRS, 62 CEA-Research Performing Organization….

18 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Alliances AVIESAN : Alliance in Life Sciences and Health (INSERM, CNRS,CEA, INRA, INRIA, IRD,IP, CPU, Hopitaux) ANCRE : Alliance in Energy research (CEA, CNRS, IFP) ALLISTENE : Alliance in Sciences and Technology of Information (CNRS, INRIA, CEA) AllEnvi, Alliance in environment (BRGM, CEA, CEMAGREF, CIRAD, CNRS, CPU, IFREMER, INRA, LPEC, MeteoFR, MNHN) Alliance in Humanities and social sciences (in progress)

19 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Excellence Evaluation : –Independent and transparent evaluation agency (AERES) Project-based financing : –National research agency (ANR) : €3 billion over 3 years (ANR) Investment on best campus : –“Operation Campus” : €5 billion dedicated to 10 campus

20 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Research organization chart Evaluation : New Agency for Research and Higher Education Assessment (AERES): composed of 24 French and foreign members (1/3 from private research)  Assessment of public research  Assessment of the way researchers are evaluated by the assessment committees of research institutions

21 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Research organization chart A new Funding Agency: ANR ‘Agence nationale de la Recherche’  Implemented on February 7, 2005  Funding of both basic research and technological research in partnership with private companies through 3-year projects  Projects funding through open and targeted calls for proposals:  700 M€ in 2005  800 M€ in 2006  1,300 M€ in 2010  Joint European calls for proposals in 2007 ? (20% of the budget)

22 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Characteristics of research programmes 2 types of programmes based on calls for proposals : – “open” (no partnership rule) the evaluation is only based on scientific excellence Mainly academic laboratories – “public-private partnership”. The evaluation is based on scientific excellence and on economic impact Large spectrum of research projects: – fundamental research (in “open” calls for proposals) – industrial/applied research and pre-competitive development (in “public-private partnership calls for proposals) Applicants: – public laboratories (alone or in partnership) – private companies in partnership with academic laboratories.

23 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Evolution of the French system of Higher Education and Research National Strategy in Research and Innovation Autonomy of Universities New structures to link research-training and innovation Open innovation New mechanisms to fund research

24 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 III - New structures to link research-training and innovation Academic clusters -A- Pôles de Recherche et d ’ Enseignement Sup é rieur (PRES) Academic clusters Advanced research centers - B- R é seaux Th é matiques de Recherche Avanc é e (RTRA ) Advanced research centers Instituts CARNOT - C- Instituts CARNOT : R&D clusters Scientific clusters - D - Pôles de comp é titivit é : Scientific clusters - E - Centres Th é matiques de Recherche et de Soins (CTRS) Advanced health centers

25 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 - A- Academic Clusters (PRES) Academic Clusters (Pôles de recherche et d’enseignement supérieur, PRES) These clusters will allow research and higher education institutes of the same area to develop their partnership by putting together means and activities. 80 M€

26 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 17 Academic Clusters Lille Rennes Nantes Anger Nancy Lyon Marseille Bordeaux Toulouse Le Mans Brest Clermont-Ferrand Paris-Est PairsTech Paris-Sud Bretagne

27 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 -B- Advanced research centers (RTRA) Réseaux thématiques de recherche avancée (RTRA) : Creation of the advanced research centers as a foundation for scientific cooperation The founders can be public or privates bodies Minimum duration : 5 years The capital of the foundation can be given partly or entirely by public bodies Research laboratories are selected on excellency criteria to create a local research network with the support of MESR 13 centers have been selected for a total grant of 200 M€ (average founding 13.5 M€) to allow french scientific « campus » to compete whith the most renowned places in the world like the MIT, Cambridge, …

28 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Advanced research centers Chemistry Maths Computer sciences Physics Agronomy Humanities and social sciences Life Science and medicine

29 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 -C- CARNOT Institutes Objective: to develop partnerships between groups of public laboratories, private companies and local authorities. 33 groups of public laboratories selected and labelised in 2006 and 2007 on a call for proposals. Government financial support, via ANR, will encourage partnerships 60 M€.

30 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 33 CARNOT INSTITUTES

31 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 - D- Scientific clusters - 71 scientific clusters (Pôles de compétitivité) selected - Partners: companies + research centers + higher education institutions. - 1.5 billion € allocated by the Gvt to clusters in 2006- 2008. – 6 world class poles – 9 poles with a world wide vocation – 53 poles with a national vocation

32 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 71 Scientific Clusters

33 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 6 world class clusters Minalogic –Region : Rhône-Alpes –Activity : Nanotechnologies Aéronautique, espace, systèmes embarqués –Region : Aquitaine, Midi- Pyrenees –Activity : Aeronautics, space embended systems MediTech santé - Region : Ile de France - Activity : Health (infectiology and cancer) Solutions Communicantes Sécurisées –Region : Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur –Activity : Hardware and software for telecommunications Lyon Biopole –Region : Rhône-Alpes –Activity : Virology SYSTEM@TIC –Region : Ile de France –Activity : Software and complex systems

34 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 9 poles with a world wide vocation Images and Networks (Brittany) Seanergie (Brittany) Chemistry and environment Lyon (Rhône-Alpes) Specialised Plants (Pays de la Loire) Image, Multimedia and Life (Ile de France) Industry and Agro-resources (Champagne-Ardennes, Picardie) Therapeutic Innovation (Alsace) Sea, security and safety (PACA) i-trans (Nord-Pas de Calais- Picardie)

35 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Activities of the French clusters 162 projects prepared by the clusters (among a total of 340) were selected on the basis of calls for proposals in 2006 : - Software 21 % - Transports 15 % - Health and biotechnologies 15 % - Microelectronics 13 % - Networks and image processing 11 % These projects receive additional budget from a special Fund managed by the French Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry.

36 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Centres Thématiques de Recherche et de Soins (CTRS) : - 23 Plurithematics centres - 7 Clinical tests and clinical Epidemiology - 11 Centres in Biotherapy - Networks in pediatry, neurology, …. - European network ; E - Advanced health centers

37 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 “CTRS” Thematic Healh Research Centers 9 Advanced Health Centers selected in Feb 2007: - " Imagine " (genetic desease, Paris Necker) Prs. Alain Fischer and Arnold Munnich - " Santé Mentale " (psychiatrics, Réseau national) Pr. Marion Leboyer - " NeuroCap " (neurosciences, Lyon), Pr. François Mauguières - " Centaure " (organ transplants, Nantes Lyon) Pr. Jean-Paul Soullilou - " PremUP " (pregnancy and treatment of prematurity, Paris) Pr. Danièle Evain-Brion - " FRHS » – (Sensorial Handicap Paris), Pr. José Sahel - " Infectiopôle Sud " (infectiology, Marseille), Pr. Didier Raoult - " Synergie Lyon cancer " (oncology, Lyon), Pr. Gilles Salles - " 2RITC – Network for Research and therapeutic Innovation in Oncology " (Toulouse), Pr. Gilles Favre

38 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Bichat Henri Mondor (94 Créteil) Pitié- Salpêtrièr e Necker Enfants Malades Robert Debré Saint-Louis Saint- Antoine HEG P Les 15-20 Cochin IGR (Villejuif) CIC, CIC-BT et CIC-EC Saint- Pierre Ile de la Réunion plurithematics(23) Clinical test (7) Biotherapy(11) Lille Rennes Nantes Tours Nancy Strasbourg Lyon Montpellier Marseille Bordeaux Toulouse Grenoble Rouen Saint-Etienne Dijon Brest Clermont-Ferrand Besançon

39 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 French and European projects funding ERA NET RTRA Region Europe CARNOT labels Competitive Cluster ERC 7 the PCRD priorities JTI candidate Cluster EUREKA Europe ANR DGE MESR White programs Thematic Calls DevelopmentBasic Research

40 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Evolution of the French system of Higher Education and Research National Strategy in Research and Innovation Autonomy of Universities New structures to link research-training and innovation Open innovation New mechanisms to fund research

41 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Open innovation Competitiveness clusters :Competitiveness clusters : –71 clusters developing collaborative research Instituts Carnot network :Instituts Carnot network : –Network of laboratories with an active policy of pursuing collaborative research Research tax credit :Research tax credit : –companies get back 60% when the R&D work is subcontracted to a public research laboratory Technology transfer development :Technology transfer development : –Simplification of public patent management (June 2009) –Professionalization of academic tech transfer offices –A public web portal soon operational on to improve information

42 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 More support to innovation and industrial R&D Support to the creation of innovative companies. Tax incentives. Agency for Industrial Innovation : OSEO

43 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Support to the creation of innovative companies  The Innovation and Research Act (1999)  533 scientists received an agreement for taking part in business startups since 1999.  National contest “starting up innovative companies”  10 625 applications in six years, 1 555 projects awarded, 786 companies started.  Public research incubators  31 incubators granted with 26 M€ for 2000-2003, 20 M€ for 2004-2007.  Seed capital funds  23 M€ invested in 11 seed funds (5 technology oriented, 6 regionally based) through universities and research institutes – 146 M€ under management.

44 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Tax Incentives  Fostering the research tax credit –5% of R&D expenditures of the year + 45% of the growth compared to the 3 previous years –from 500 M€ (2002) to 970 M€ (2004) –Almost 3 000 firms taking advantage  Friendly fiscal environment for “the new innovative companies” Independent SME’s less than 8 years old R&D expenditures > 15% of the whole expenditures Costs of benefits for R&D related employees are taken in charge by the State + income tax relief 900 firms concerned in 2004 corresponding to 45 M€ of relief

45 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Open innovation : already a reality 214 public-private research structures in France –50% of them have been created after 2005 –Major deals in 2009 (e.g. Renault-CEA-Nissan-NEC) Date of creation of public-private research structures

46 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Evolution of the French system of Higher Education and Research National Strategy in Research and Innovation Autonomy of Universities New structures to link research-training and innovationOpen innovation Open innovation New mechanisms to fund research

47 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 French Gouvernmental funds for research and universities  (billion €) 2004 : 16.3 2005 : 19.8 2006 : 20.8 2007 : 21.8 2008 : 22.6 2009 : 23.3 2010 : 24.0

48 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 2010 : €22 billion investment on higher education and research World-class campus and universities : €11 billion Technology transfer, innovation clusters :€ 3,5 billion Laboratories and research equipments : € 2 billion Biomedical research capabilities : € 2,5 billion Aeronautics, nuclear energy…€ 3 billion Strong focus on public-private collaborations, many opportunities for companies willing to invest on R&D capabilities

49 Jean-Luc Clément Kiev November 5, 2010 Jean-luc.clement@education.gouv.fr


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