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Has Business Been Bold Enough? Frederick M. Hess American Enterprise Institute www.aei.org/hess.

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Presentation on theme: "Has Business Been Bold Enough? Frederick M. Hess American Enterprise Institute www.aei.org/hess."— Presentation transcript:

1 Has Business Been Bold Enough? Frederick M. Hess American Enterprise Institute

2 2 What Business Has Done: The Clark Kent Approach Encouragement and support Encouragement and support Genteel philanthropy Genteel philanthropy Tutoring Tutoring Student scholarships Student scholarships Mild policy advocacy Mild policy advocacy

3 3 Comparatively, We Spend a Lot Source: OECD 2005

4 4 Even More Than You May Think (Source: Howell & West in Education Next, 2008)

5 5 More Teachers, Smaller Classes (Source: Loeb & Reininger, 2004 and NCES)

6 6 Teachers Are Relatively Well-Paid (Source: Podgursky in Education Next, 2003)

7 7 With Factory-Style Benefits (Source: Vigdor In Education Next, 2008)

8 8 Great Teachers Are Hard to Predict (Source: Goldhaber in Education Next, 2002)

9 9 Tests Can Be Misleading (Source: Finn & Meier in Education Next, 2009)

10 10 The Problem with Adequate Yearly Progress (Source: Peterson & West in Education Next, 2006 )

11 11 Limited NCLB Impact So Far (Source: Ravitch & Chubb in Education Next, 2009)

12 12 What Business Should Do: Time to Hit the Phone Booth Help schools manage smart Help schools manage smart Invest in the supply side Invest in the supply side Do what innovators can’t Do what innovators can’t Get firm with education leaders Get firm with education leaders Lead with experience and credibility Lead with experience and credibility

13 13 Help Schools Manage Smart Promote data and MIS systems Promote data and MIS systems Support performance evaluations Support performance evaluations Invest in HR and IT Invest in HR and IT Watch out for “The New Stupid” Watch out for “The New Stupid”

14 14 Invest in the Supply Side Human Capital Teach For America New Leaders for New Schools The New Teacher Project School Builders KIPP Schools Green Dot Public Schools Achievement First Infrastructure The Mind Trust New Schools for New Orleans High Tech High Ed School Investors NewSchools Venture Fund Charter School Growth Fund Knowledge Investment Partners Tool Builders Wireless Generation SchoolNet SMARTHINKING

15 15 Do What Innovators Can’t Remember why Google is no champion of free speech in China Remember why Google is no champion of free speech in China Few reform venues Few reform venues Small scale of successful ventures Small scale of successful ventures

16 16 Get Firm with Education Leaders Cages of their own design? Cages of their own design? Collective bargaining—less restrictive than advertised Collective bargaining—less restrictive than advertised Inattention to cost- effectiveness Inattention to cost- effectiveness N = 50 The Leadership Limbo (Fordham Foundation 2008) (Source: Hess & Loup, 2008)

17 17 Lead with Experience and Credibility Talk sense about accountability and compensation Talk sense about accountability and compensation NCLB NCLB Merit pay Merit pay Shoot down bad ideas Shoot down bad ideas 65% solution 65% solution Class size reduction Class size reduction

18 Leaders in Action Joel Klein, New York City Public Schools Teacher Performance Units, experienced attorneys who advise principals and litigate incompetence cases against ineffective, tenured teachers Teacher Performance Units, experienced attorneys who advise principals and litigate incompetence cases against ineffective, tenured teachers John Deasy, Prince George’s County Public Schools Transferred hundreds of the district’s 10,800 teachers to new schoolsTransferred hundreds of the district’s 10,800 teachers to new schools Initiated a voluntary pay-for-performance systemInitiated a voluntary pay-for-performance system Michelle Rhee, Chancellor of DC Public Schools Unused law providing for 90 day terminationUnused law providing for 90 day termination Side-stepping contract on middle school pilotSide-stepping contract on middle school pilot

19 Has Business Been Bold Enough? Frederick M. Hess American Enterprise Institute


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