3 Agenda Regulations Data Collection Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFPs)Goals and ObjectivesExamples
4 Federal Regulations IDEA NCLB Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004)NCLBElementary and Secondary Education Act of 2001 (No Child Left Behind Act - NCLB)
5 State Regulations - Standards-Based Individualized Education Program (IEP) Guidance The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA 2004) and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)) are designed to provide students with disabilities greater access to the general education curriculum. A standards-based Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a process and document that is framed by the state standards and that contains goals aligned with, and chosen to facilitate the student’s achievement of, state grade-level academic standards, according to the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE).
6 State Regulations - Standards-Based Individualized Education Program (IEP) Guidance The required general education curriculum used in Texas public schools for grades Kindergarten -12 is the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS). Students enrolled in Preschool Programs for Children with Disabilities (PPCD) or prekindergarten programs should have goals that are aligned with either the Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines or district standards for prekindergarten for students ages 4 and 5.
7 State Regulations - Standards-Based Individualized Education Program (IEP) Guidance The Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines have been developed for district use and offer detailed descriptions of expected behaviors across multiple skill levels to be observed in 4 to 5 year old children by the end of their prekindergarten experience.
8 DefinitionsStandard-based goals are annual, measurable goals aligned to enrolled grade level Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS). These goalsshould focus on closing the gap between the achievement and enrolled grade-level standards.Advocacy Brief NCLD“Standard-Based IEP” is used to describe a processand document that is framed by the state standardsand that contains annual goals aligned with, andchosen to facilitate the student’s achievement of,state grade-level academic standards. NASDSE, May 20062nd definition is TEXAS the other is from NASDSE National Association of Special Education Directors
9 PLAAFPs 34CFR (a)(1)(l)FEDERAL A statement of the child’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance, including how the child’s disability affects the child’s involvement and progress in the general education curriculum.STATEARD Committee Decision-Making Process for the Texas Assessment Program Manual (p.11)The PLAAFP is the basis of the IEP because it defines where a student is, both academically and functionally. PLAAFPs can be created using :Formal Evaluation DataClassroom DataAccommodations and ModificationsParent InformationAdditional SupportsBy reviewing the PLAAFP, the ARDC should have a clear understanding of the student’s performance in the grade-level TEKS, including the student’s strengths, current areas of need, and accommodations, modifications, or supports the student has used.FIE—34CFR Whether the child has a disability under
10 Goals Federal State Standards-Based IEP Development: A statement of measurable annual goals, including academic and functional goals designed to—(a) Meet the child’s needs that result from the child’s disability to enable the child to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum; and(b) Meet each of the child’s other educational needs that result from the child’s disability;StateStandards-Based IEP Development:Question & Answer Document provide by TEAThe four critical components of measurable goal:TimeframeConditionBehaviorCriterion
11 Where do we begin? Keys to creating Standard-Based IEPs Use PLAAFPsBe familiar with grade level standardsUse Sub-skills/ Pre-requisite skillsDevelop an IDEA-compliant goalMust include: Timeframe, Condition, Behavior, and CriterionWrite the short-term objectives/benchmarksMonitor the goalOn-line training is offered through Region 20588 Educational Cooperative has requested that all of the general education teachers have this training.
12 The Process--Data Collection Sources of DataEvaluations,AssessmentsSchool recordsParentsTeachersObservationIEP Progress ReportsIf you gather it, use it!
13 DATA provides: Strengths and weaknesses of child Information on limits which interfere with the child’s learningObjective data from current evaluationsEvidence based, observable, and measurable informationProgress indicating a baseline
14 Good DataProvides specific and factual information about the student—academic, behavioral, and functionalIs interpreted in a way that any two people reading or hearing the description would come to the same conclusion.Shows that quality is more important than quantityNeeds to be comprehensive—address all areas that impact the disabilityA variety of sources, formal and informal
15 PLAAFPsTell the committee about the student—describes strengths and disability related challengesLinked to the grade level standardsEstablish measurable baseline for data driven development of annual goals and short term objectives.Describe how the child’s disability affects his/her involvement and progress in the general education curriculum (areas of need)
16 Goals Developed from the statement of present levels Academic goals must be TEKS basedHelps to form and guide instructional decisionsDetermine appropriate special education and related servicesGuide discussion about curriculum accommodations or modificationsIf it is a deficit, there should be a goal
17 What does a Standard-based measurable goal look like What does a Standard-based measurable goal look like? Four Critical Components.Time-frame—identifies the amount of time in the goal period (In what length of time)Condition—the manner in which progress toward the goal is reached (under what conditions)Behavior—the performance that is being monitored (Will do what)Criterion– identifies how much, how often, or to what standard the behavior must occur in order to demonstrate that the goal has been achieved (to what level or degree)
18 Critical Components - Time Frame Timeframe—amount of time in the goal period and is usually specified in the number of weeks or a certain date for completion.Within 36 instructional weeksBy the end of the first six weeksIn three instructional weeksBy October 1, 2011By the end of the final grading cycle
19 Critical Components - Condition The manner in which progress toward the goal occurs. The specific resources that must be present for a child to reach the goal.Graphic organizersGuided practiceDecodable textUsing prompts, repetitive practice, accommodations, modifications, etc.
20 Critical Components - Behavior Identifies the performance that is being monitored. An action that can be directly observed and measured.Student will ________(Knowledge)—count, draw, list, point, read(Comprehension)---compare, interpret, predict,(Application)---classify, solve, calculate(Analysis)---infer, order, summarize, explain(Synthesis)---integrate, prepare, organize(Evaluation)---compare, predict, estimate
21 Critical Components - Criterion Criterion—identifies how much, how often, or to what standard the behavior must occur in order to demonstrate that the goal has been achieved (to what level or degree)70 word per minute with fewer than 10 errorsA three paragraph essay using transition words in sentences and between paragraphs with 5 or less errors85% of all assigned problems_______of ________timesAt _____% on________
22 Short-term Objectives Incremental steps to achieving the annual goal, and are required to have the same four components as the goal: time, condition, behavior, and criteria2 Methods--Build on mastery criteria toward the annual goal.Written in the same manner as the annual goal except the criteria would increase for each short-term objective as the student came closer to meeting the annual goal’s criteriaWrite short-term objectives by building on skills to reach the annual goal.Short-term objectives are not required, but if needed, theremust be at least two.Gigi Maez, Attorney at Law & Juanell Isaac, Director of Elementary Special
24 PLAAFPs ExamplesImplication of Disability: Ellen a sixth grade student with Special Education eligibility of Other Health Impaired due to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and a Learning Disability in Reading Comprehension, Basic Reading Skill and Math Calculation……….The cooperative then continues with the G’s—and how deficits in basic reading skill, and the other disabilities may affect the students learning
25 PLAAFPs Examples Reading Levels: Ellen has demonstrated through grades, daily assignments, teacher-made assessments, benchmark assessments, and the Reading Plus program that she reads 107 word per minute. The student uses contextual clues with 60% accuracy, and comprehends 71% of the time, oral directions 65% of the time. This student uses critical thinking skills 67% of the time and utilizes various reading strategies 45% of the time. Ellen met passing standards on the Reading TAKS-Modified, achieving a scaled score of Ellen did well on Objective One understanding, correctly answering 9 of 11 questions;……………..This information gathered from the teacher, through classroom assessments, classroom assignments, criterion testing, formal and informal measures,TAKS testing, parent input, benchmark testing, etc….
26 PLAAFPs ExamplesEllen has demonstrated through daily assignments, teacher observations, and grades that she understands living and non-living characteristics with 70% accuracy. The student understands the water cycle with 70% accuracy, various states of matter with 75% accuracy, identifies basic human body parts with 75% accuracy, and identifies objects from the environment with 90% accuracy. This student has lab skills that are 80% accurate. Ellen achieved a scaled score of 1928 on science TAKS-Modified test. The student did best on Objective Two, Life Sciences, correctly answering 5 of 7 questions.
27 Data Gathering Sheet Functional PLAAFPs 588 Educational Cooperative uses these forms.
34 Goals ExamplesBy the end of the 5th six weeks, (time) the student will be able to read wpm (behavior)with no more than 3 errors(criteria). WRONGWhen presented with a grade level reading passage of ____ number of words……” should be added.
35 Goals ExamplesBy the end of the school year, Ellen will achieve70% mastery of 11th grade TEKS in US History, with inclusion support of 25 mpw, as demonstrated by mastery of 6 of 8 objectives.Short term goals:The student will be able to analyze the causes of the Great Depression, including the decline in world wide trade, the stock market crash, and bank failures with 70% accuracy.
36 Goals ExamplesBy the end of 36 weeks of instruction, given a small group setting and guided/individual practice, reduced assignments by 25%, limiting multiple choice tests to 3 choices, Ellen a 7th grade student with a Learning Disability in Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Basic Reading Skill, Written Expression, Math Calculation, and Math Problem Solving will independently compare and order integers and positive rational numbers, simplify numerical expressions involving order or operations and exponents, locate and name points on a coordinate plane using ordered pairs of integers, estimate measurements, select and use an appropriate representation for presenting and displaying relationships among collected data, answering them with 70% accuracy on 5 of 6 objectives to demonstrate mastery.Only one goal---there are several, compare and order, simplify numerical expressions-----discussion
37 Goals ExamplesEllen, a 7th grade student with a Learning Disability in Listening Comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Basic Reading Skill, Written Expression, Math Calculation, and Math Problem Solving, within 36 instructional weeks, will utilize assistance in Content Mastery to master 7th grade TEKS in English, Math, Science and Social Studies at 70% mastery and will master 4 of 4 objectives.short term goal--access assistance by coming to content mastery for 120 mpw
38 Resources The Special Edge www.calstat.org Advocacy Brief National Center of Learning DisabilitiesinForum NASDSE—National Association of State Directors of Special EducationTexas State GuidanceSeven Step Process to Creating Standard Based IEP’s (inForum)