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1 Standards of Accreditation (SOA) No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Dual Accountability Systems in Virginia May 8, 2008 Henrico County Public Schools.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Standards of Accreditation (SOA) No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Dual Accountability Systems in Virginia May 8, 2008 Henrico County Public Schools."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Standards of Accreditation (SOA) No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Dual Accountability Systems in Virginia May 8, 2008 Henrico County Public Schools

2 2 Each year public schools earn three accountability ratings for: State Accreditation NCLB-Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) NCLB-Safe Schools

3 3 Ratings are based upon: State Accreditation –SOL test scores in language arts, math, social studies, science NCLB –SOL test scores in reading and math –Participation in the assessment program –Performance in another area (science, social studies, writing, attendance, graduation rate) –Code of Conduct violations

4 4 Standards of Accreditation Student performance in one year provides the basis for a school’s state accreditation rating the following year. All tests within a content area are combined to create a pass rate for each of four core content areas—language arts, math, social studies, science. A three year calculation will be used if needed.

5 5 Accreditation calculation example Pass rates are not an average, but are based upon a sum of those who passed the tests divided by the sum of those who took the tests.

6 6 Standards of Accreditation Minimum performance targets must be met in each core content area for a school to be fully accredited. Schools must also meet pre-accreditation requirements.

7 7 Pre-Accreditation Requirements Division –Provide VDOE with the division’s promotion/ retention policies School –Document compliance with requirements of the Standards of Accreditation related to the graduation policies, the instructional program, leadership roles and staffing, and the facilities and safety regulations.

8 8 Standards of Accreditation Minimum Performance Targets GradeLang. ArtsMathSoc. StudiesScience 375%70%50% 475%70% 575%70% EOC70%

9 9 Elementary Grade Level Tests GradeLanguage Arts MathSocial Studies Science 3 Reading VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP 4 Reading VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP 5 Reading Writing VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP

10 10 Middle Grade Level Tests GradeLanguage Arts MathSocial Studies Science 6Reading VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP 7Reading VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP 8 Reading Writing VGLA VAAP Math Pl. Eng. Math VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP VGLA VAAP

11 11 High School Tests GradeLanguage Arts MathSocial Studies Science 9 Algebra I Pl. Eng. Alg. VSEP W.H. I VSEP Earth Science VSEP 10Writing VSEP Geometry VSEP W.H. II VSEP Biology VSEP 11Reading VSEP VAAP Algebra II VSEP U.S. History VSEP Chemistry VSEP A variety of substitute tests are also approved for each content area.

12 12 Accreditation Ratings Fully Accredited – awarded to schools where students meet the minimum performance targets in all four content areas.Fully Accredited – awarded to schools where students meet the minimum performance targets in all four content areas. Accredited with Warning – awarded to schools that did not achieve the full accreditation status. The rating references specific content area(s) where performance is below the target. A school cannot be rated Accredited with Warning for more than three consecutive years.Accredited with Warning – awarded to schools that did not achieve the full accreditation status. The rating references specific content area(s) where performance is below the target. A school cannot be rated Accredited with Warning for more than three consecutive years.

13 13 Accreditation Ratings (con’t.) Accreditation Denied – awarded to a school that failed to meet the requirements for full accreditation for the preceding three consecutive years.Accreditation Denied – awarded to a school that failed to meet the requirements for full accreditation for the preceding three consecutive years. Conditionally Accredited – awarded to new schools and schools that are being reconstituted. Schools can be given this rating for up to three years as long as progress towards full accreditation is being made.Conditionally Accredited – awarded to new schools and schools that are being reconstituted. Schools can be given this rating for up to three years as long as progress towards full accreditation is being made.

14 14 Conditional Accreditation Wilder Middle School is Conditionally Accredited in math.Wilder Middle School is Conditionally Accredited in math. New Bridge School is Conditionally Accredited in reading and math.New Bridge School is Conditionally Accredited in reading and math. Both schools have been reconstituted through the alternative governance approach, which creates a structured partnership between school staff and central office administrators. The governance team meets bi-weekly and uses student performance data to guide decision- making.Both schools have been reconstituted through the alternative governance approach, which creates a structured partnership between school staff and central office administrators. The governance team meets bi-weekly and uses student performance data to guide decision- making.

15 15 Alternative Accreditation Plan Special purpose schools such as the Governor’s schools, special education schools, alternative schools, or career and technical schools that serve as the student’s school of principal enrollment may seek approval of an alternative accreditation plan from the Board of Education.Special purpose schools such as the Governor’s schools, special education schools, alternative schools, or career and technical schools that serve as the student’s school of principal enrollment may seek approval of an alternative accreditation plan from the Board of Education. Special purpose schools with alternative accreditation plans shall be evaluated on standards appropriate to the programs offered in the school.Special purpose schools with alternative accreditation plans shall be evaluated on standards appropriate to the programs offered in the school. Alternative accreditation plans are approved for Mt. Vernon and New Bridge Schools. Mt. Vernon achieved full accreditation this year based upon student performance in Alternative accreditation plans are approved for Mt. Vernon and New Bridge Schools. Mt. Vernon achieved full accreditation this year based upon student performance in

16 16 Sanctions/Rewards F A Alternative Accreditation Plan (con’t.) Following an interdisciplinary approach to instruction, the accreditation ratings for these schools are based upon a composite pass rate. The composite target for Mt. Vernon is 70%. New Bridge has an elementary composite target of 75%, and a middle composite target of 70%.

17 17 Sanctions/Rewards F A Student Accountability High school students must verify course High school students must verify course credits to earn a diploma in Virginia. credits to earn a diploma in Virginia. Course credits are verified by passing the Course credits are verified by passing the course and passing the corresponding SOL course and passing the corresponding SOL test for that course. Verification requirements test for that course. Verification requirements exist for Language Arts, Math, Social Studies exist for Language Arts, Math, Social Studies and Science. and Science. Students can take an approved substitute test Students can take an approved substitute test and pass that test to verify a credit. and pass that test to verify a credit. Students can retake SOL tests as many times Students can retake SOL tests as many times as needed to pass and verify a credit. as needed to pass and verify a credit. Retakes are factored into school Retakes are factored into school accountability calculations. accountability calculations.

18 18 Sanctions/Rewards F A Student Accountability (con’t.) Diploma verification requirements: Advanced (24 course credits) Standard (22 course credits) Modified Standard (20 course credits) English221 Math211 Soc. Studies 21 Science21 Student selected 11 Total962

19 19 Rewards The Virginia Index of Performance (VIP) Awards recognizes schools and divisions based on the percentage of students achieving at the advanced level on Standards of Learning assessments and progress made toward educational goals advocated by Governor Kaine and adopted by the State Board of Education.

20 20 Reward Levels Educational Excellence Award – recognizes schools and divisions for meeting all state and federal achievement benchmarks for at least two consecutive years and meeting goals for achievement in elementary reading; enrollment in Algebra I by grade 8; enrollment in college-level courses; attainment of advanced diplomas and career and industry certifications; and participation, if eligible, in the Virginia Preschool Initiative. Excellence Award – recognizes schools and divisions that have met all state and federal accountability benchmarks for at least two consecutive years and have made significant progress toward goals for increased student achievement and expanded educational opportunity Competence to Excellence Award - recognizes schools and districts that have met all state and federal benchmarks for at least two consecutive years and are making progress toward VIP objectives.

21 21 Reward Levels Educational Excellence ExcellenceCompetence to Excellence No. of Schools in State No. of Schools in Henrico Number of Divisions in State Henrico

22 22 Rewards Schools that maintain a passing rate of 95% or above on SOL tests in each of four core content area for two consecutive years may apply for a waiver from annual accreditation and be Fully Accredited for a three-year period. Students still have to participate in the assessment program annually.

23 23 Rewards The following Henrico schools have been awarded a three year rating of Fully Accredited: Deep RunGayton GodwinNuckols Farm PembertonPinchbeck RidgeRivers Edge Shady GroveShort Pump Elem. Springfield ParkTuckahoe Elem. Twin Hickory

24 24 Sanctions – Schools Accredited with Warning Schools in warning must participate in an academic review process.Schools in warning must participate in an academic review process. The purpose of the process is to evaluate instructional and organization factors affecting student achievement.The purpose of the process is to evaluate instructional and organization factors affecting student achievement. The process is directed by the Virginia Department of Education, and involves local and state specialists, and school and division staff.The process is directed by the Virginia Department of Education, and involves local and state specialists, and school and division staff. The structure of the processThe structure of the process requires an examination of student performance data, the instructional program, staffing issues, training needs, and the school climate. A review team makes recommendations for change and a school improvement plan is developed. A status report on the implementation of the plan is submitted to VDOE annually for three years.

25 25 Sanctions – Schools with Accreditation Denied Schools rated Accreditation Denied must provide to parents written notice of the school’s accreditation rating within 30 calendar days, and must develop and make available for public comment a corrective action plan.Schools rated Accreditation Denied must provide to parents written notice of the school’s accreditation rating within 30 calendar days, and must develop and make available for public comment a corrective action plan. The local school board will either enter into a memorandum of understanding with the State Board of Education or reconstitute a school and submit a request for a rating of Conditional Accreditation. Methods of reconstitution include changing school governance, staff, students, and/or the instructional program.The local school board will either enter into a memorandum of understanding with the State Board of Education or reconstitute a school and submit a request for a rating of Conditional Accreditation. Methods of reconstitution include changing school governance, staff, students, and/or the instructional program. A local board may choose to close a school rated Accreditation Denied or to combine a school with a higher performing school in the division.A local board may choose to close a school rated Accreditation Denied or to combine a school with a higher performing school in the division. A local school board that has any school with the status of Accreditation Denied shall annually report progress to the Board of Education.A local school board that has any school with the status of Accreditation Denied shall annually report progress to the Board of Education.

26 26 No Child Left Behind Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) In 2001, a federal accountability program was implemented as part of the No Child Left Behind Act with the goal that all students will be proficient and will met other indicators of success by 2014.In 2001, a federal accountability program was implemented as part of the No Child Left Behind Act with the goal that all students will be proficient and will met other indicators of success by The law requires schools, divisions, and states to meet annually increasing benchmarks in order to claim “adequate yearly progress” each year.The law requires schools, divisions, and states to meet annually increasing benchmarks in order to claim “adequate yearly progress” each year.

27 27 Long Term Goals of NCLB The original authorization required by the end of the school year, that all students will be proficient and achieve the following performance objectives: 100% pass rate – reading (95% of students assessed) 100% pass rate – math (95% of students assessed) 100% graduation rate

28 28 AYP Performance Framework Multiple targets must be met for divisions and schools to make AYP. Virginia uses SOL tests for determining AYP. Targets are based uponMultiple targets must be met for divisions and schools to make AYP. Virginia uses SOL tests for determining AYP. Targets are based upon Reading (required performance measure) Math (required performance measure) Other academic indicator (selected by the elementary and middle school) Writing, history, science, attendanceWriting, history, science, attendance Other academic indicator (required for high schools) Graduation rateGraduation rate Participation in the assessment program

29 29 AYP Performance Framework Student performance in one year provides the basis for a school’s AYP rating the following year. A three year calculation is also used if the current rate does not meet the required target. Schools and six groups must meet AYP targets in reading and math. The school as a whole must meet the target for the other academic indicator.Schools and six groups must meet AYP targets in reading and math. The school as a whole must meet the target for the other academic indicator. The division must meet the same targets for groups and as a whole, and meet all “other academic indicator” targets.The division must meet the same targets for groups and as a whole, and meet all “other academic indicator” targets.

30 30 AYP Performance Framework (con’t.) Performance groups includePerformance groups include –Blacks –Whites –Hispanics –Students who qualify for free/reduced lunch –Students with disabilities –Students with limited English proficiency A student will be included in a group as often as his demographics indicate. The student will also be included in the whole school pass rate calculations.A student will be included in a group as often as his demographics indicate. The student will also be included in the whole school pass rate calculations.

31 31 AYP Performance Framework (con’t.) 95% of eligible students must participate in the assessment program. The participation requirement applies to the division and groups, as well as schools and groups.95% of eligible students must participate in the assessment program. The participation requirement applies to the division and groups, as well as schools and groups. However, if there are less than 50 in a group, the participation requirement does not apply and the group does not have to meet AYP performance targets.However, if there are less than 50 in a group, the participation requirement does not apply and the group does not have to meet AYP performance targets.

32 32 AYP Performance Framework NCLB – Safe HarborNCLB – Safe Harbor –If schools or groups do not meet performance targets and do meet participation targets, safe harbor calculations can be used to determine AYP. –Safe harbor applies to the group that does not meet the minimum performance target but has a 10% or greater reduction in the failure rate. When applied, Safe Harbor considers the values for the “other academic indicator” for that group. –Schools using writing, history or science must achieve a 70% pass rate for the group in question. –Schools using attendance must have at least a 94% attendance rate for the group in question. –High Schools must show an increase in graduation rate for the group in question.

33 33 AYP Performance Framework (con’t.) Annual performance targetsAnnual performance targets

34 34 Application of Performance Targets Schools must meet a minimum of 29 performance targets to make AYP. If one target is missed the school will not make AYP for that year.Schools must meet a minimum of 29 performance targets to make AYP. If one target is missed the school will not make AYP for that year.

35 35 Application of Performance Targets Core performance and participation targets.Core performance and participation targets.

36 36 Application of Performance Targets Other academic indicator targets.Other academic indicator targets.

37 37 AYP Graduation Rate Graduation rate is the other academic indicator for determining AYP for schools with a graduating class.Graduation rate is the other academic indicator for determining AYP for schools with a graduating class. The formula for calculating graduation rate is built upon current students and dropouts. The timing of the dropout report prohibits the use of current year graduate data for AYP purposes. Therefore, graduate rates from the previous year are used for AYP.The formula for calculating graduation rate is built upon current students and dropouts. The timing of the dropout report prohibits the use of current year graduate data for AYP purposes. Therefore, graduate rates from the previous year are used for AYP.

38 38 AYP Graduation Rate (con’t.) Graduation rate formula (for 2007 graduates and earlier):Graduation rate formula (for 2007 graduates and earlier): AYP Rating YearAssessment YearGraduates of Year

39 39 AYP Graduation Rate (con’t.) Beginning with the 2008 graduates, an on-time or cohort graduation rate will be calculated along with the current NCLB graduation rate.Beginning with the 2008 graduates, an on-time or cohort graduation rate will be calculated along with the current NCLB graduation rate. The cohort graduation defines graduates as students who earn advanced, standard, modified standard, special, and general achievement diplomas within four years of the first time they entered the ninth grade. Special education and limited English proficiency students who have plans in place to allow them more time to graduate will be assigned to different cohorts.The cohort graduation defines graduates as students who earn advanced, standard, modified standard, special, and general achievement diplomas within four years of the first time they entered the ninth grade. Special education and limited English proficiency students who have plans in place to allow them more time to graduate will be assigned to different cohorts.

40 40 AYP Graduation Rate (con’t.) The formula for the on-time graduation rate isThe formula for the on-time graduation rate is Graduation rate = (on-time graduates in year X)/ ( (first-time entering ninth graders in year X-4) + ((transfers in) – (transfers out))) Presently, Virginia is continuing to reference the existing graduation rate formula for calculating AYP. There is a growing interest in aligning the two formulas for AYP purposes. Any changes in how graduation rates are calculated for AYP are TBD.Presently, Virginia is continuing to reference the existing graduation rate formula for calculating AYP. There is a growing interest in aligning the two formulas for AYP purposes. Any changes in how graduation rates are calculated for AYP are TBD.

41 41 Sanctions If a Title I school is targeted for improvement for two years, public choice must be offered.If a Title I school is targeted for improvement for two years, public choice must be offered. If a Title I school offering public school choice is targeted for a third year, choice continues to be offered and supplemental education services (SES) are offered to students who qualify for free/reduced lunch.If a Title I school offering public school choice is targeted for a third year, choice continues to be offered and supplemental education services (SES) are offered to students who qualify for free/reduced lunch. Henrico County is participating in a federal pilot study that is evaluating the impact of offering SES as the first sanction instead of public school choice. Lakeside Elementary and New Bridge Schools are in year 1 of school improvement and the SES program is underway.Henrico County is participating in a federal pilot study that is evaluating the impact of offering SES as the first sanction instead of public school choice. Lakeside Elementary and New Bridge Schools are in year 1 of school improvement and the SES program is underway.

42 42 NCLB Highly Qualified Teacher Requirement All teachers teaching in federal core academic subjects in all schools must be “highly qualified.”All teachers teaching in federal core academic subjects in all schools must be “highly qualified.” Federal core academic subjects includeFederal core academic subjects include EnglishCivics and Government Reading or Language Arts Economics MathematicsThe Arts ScienceHistory Foreign languagesGeography

43 43 NCLB Highly Qualified Teacher Defined A teacher is highly qualified who has obtained a state certification as a teacher and passed the Praxis II licensing examA teacher is highly qualified who has obtained a state certification as a teacher and passed the Praxis II licensing exam Has demonstrated subject matter competency in each of the academic subjects in which he/she teaches.Has demonstrated subject matter competency in each of the academic subjects in which he/she teaches.

44 44 NCLB Highly Qualified Teacher Defined (con’t.) Subject matter competency is demonstrated bySubject matter competency is demonstrated by –Passing the Praxis II exam, –Completing an academic major, –Using the evaluation criteria in Virginia’s High Objective Uniform State Standards of Evaluation

45 45 Virginia’s “Rigorous State Tests” for Core Academic Areas Elementary School Teachers –Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment –Praxis II –Virginia Reading Assessment Middle School Teachers –Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment –Praxis II – Middle School English/Language Arts Middle School Mathematics Middle School Science Middle School Social Studies

46 46 Virginia’s “Rigorous State Tests” for Federal Core Academic Areas High School Teachers and Other Teachers Teaching High School Core Academic Courses –Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment –Praxis II – Content Knowledge Tests Art Biology Chemistry Earth Science English Language, Literature, and Composition French German Mathematics Music Physics Social Studies Spanish

47 47 NCLB Safe Schools For a school to be considered a safe school, the number of conduct incidents in certain categories (ex. homicides, sexual offenses, battery, weapons violations) must not meet or exceed established thresholds. If thresholds are met or exceeded in a category, schools will be designated as –Cautioned – first year –On probation – second consecutive year –Persistently dangerous – third consecutive year. No Henrico schools are cautioned, on probation, or designated as persistently dangerous.

48 48 NCLB Safe Schools (con’t.) Categories and thresholds If the threshold is exceeded in any category within a reporting year, the designation flag is activated. Category I – one incident exceeds the threshold Category II – 2 points per incident Category III – 1 point per incident Incident examples – Homicide, forcible sexual assault, use of a bomb Assault with a weapon, robbery, kidnapping, malicious wounding without a weapon, aggravated sexual battery Illegal possession of handgun, rifle, shotgun, other projectile weapon, bomb, other firearms, controlled drugs and substances with intent to distribute/sell. Threshold – no tolerance Threshold – points not to exceed 1% of fall membership

49 49 NCLB Safe Schools Schools that meet or exceed the threshold of incidents for Category I and/or Categories II and III, respectively, for one year must develop a corrective action plan (CAP) to increase safety in the school environment and reduce the number of incidents. Schools that are required to develop a CAP will have their incident data for the following year reviewed by the Department of Education. If after implementing the CAP for one year, the number of incidents reported for the school continues to meet or exceed the threshold of incidents for Category I and/or Categories II and III, respectively, the school will be placed on probation and be required to review corrective actions taken to date and identify further corrective action plans.

50 50 NCLB Safe Schools If the school meets or exceeds the threshold of incidents for Category I and/or Categories II and III for a third consecutive year, the school will be designated as persistently dangerous. Any school with a persistently dangerous designation must provide its students with the opportunity to transfer to a public school within the school division that is not designated as “persistently dangerous.” Any school that is designated as cautioned, on probation, or persistently dangerous must submit a copy of its annual comprehensive safety audit to the Department of Education.

51 51 Each year public schools earn three accountability ratings for: State Accreditation NCLB-Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) NCLB-Safe Schools

52 52 In Summary… Two Performance Accountability Snapshots

53 53 Accountability Systems The state and federal systems continue to evolve –Revisions to Standards of Accreditation have been presented for public comment. –Reauthorization of NCLB is anticipated after the presidential election. …are not static


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